Franco Prussian War Essay

1955 words - 8 pages

A united Germany has required many different wars to be accomplished. The unification of Germany was associated with one man in particular: Otto Von Bismarck. He was a Russian Prime Minister and later the German Chancellor. He was a real politick which means he based his decisions on the realities of power rather than on moral or ideological considerations. He was often regarded as being amoral and cynical. His historical importance derives from his position in the government initially as Prussia’s political leader. German unification was based on the actions, thoughts, and decisions of many people, only one of whom was Bismarck. However he couldn’t have transformed Germany by himself.
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This was one of the minor causes of the Franco-Prussia war as stated above France was alarmed by Prussia’s success which was the beginning of the formation of tension between France and Prussia.

After the causes of the Austro-Prussian war, it was only a matter of time before France and the newly reorganized Germany fought each other. Its outbreak in summer of 1870 was caused by the words and actions of various individuals.

The causes of the Franco- Prussian war were constantly shifted from one side to another. At a point, it was regarded as being mainly Frances blame however after the wars memoirs were published, many believed Bismarck was responsible for the was outbreak. The people whom believed that Bismarck was the blame for the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war believed that he pushed France into declaring war in order to complete the unification of Germany. Bismarck believed that fighting France would enable him to gain the four southern German States and join them into the new German empire. Bismarck’s interpitations regarded as being the manipulator of events in furtherance of his long terms to unify Germany. The people that have interpreted Bismarck’s actions as being manipulative quote the Hohenzollern candidature and the EMS telegram as evidence for their case.

Another cause for the Franco- Prussian war was the Hohenzollern candidature and the EMS telegram as they both formed tension between France and Prussia. The Hohenzollern Candidature is mainly when Spain seeked for Leopold of Hohenzollern to become King of Spain in 1868. He agreed under one condition which was to gain the support of Prussia. Bismarck secretly supported him but later on denied it. News of the candidature leaked out before Leopold was confirmed as king. France feared that this was an attempt by the Prussians to encircle France by placing a Prussian on the throne of Spain. This caused tension between Prussia and France.

The EMS telegram was another cause of the Franco- Prussian war as it was when Bismarck published an altered telegram sent by King William I informing Bismarck of his meeting with the French ambassador. The meeting was mainly the withdrawal of Leopold of Hohenzollern candidature to the throne of Spain and a guarantee form Prussia to never support the Hohenzollern candidature. The altering of the telegram that was published mainly gave the French ambassador the impression that King William is snubbing him. This caused further more tension.

Whereby the converse of these views regard France as being the blame and the cause of the Franco- Prussian war, as they were seen more responsible for starting the war. In addition France lacked the strength of will and self confidence to ignore Bismarck’s provocations.

There were many results for the Franco- Prussian war both for Germany and Europe. The outcomes of the Franco- Prussian war for Germany were many. The first result was that Germany gained Alsace and the northern third...

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