Eric Erikson was a worldwide famous psychologist and psychoanalyst. He was well known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings. Erikson graduated from The Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute as a child analyst where he was trained by the prestigious psychoanalyst Anna Freud. He was deeply fascinated with the various theories on personality development. It was this fascination that marked the beginning of his integration of the analytic clinical perspective with the social and economic events that influence a child.
So what is Erikson's Stages of Development? In this essay we will discuss this matter.
Erikson life-stage virtues, in order of the eight stages in which they may be acquired, are:
1. Basic trust vs. basic mistrust - This stage covers the period of infancy. 0-1 year of age. - Whether or not the baby develops basic trust or basic mistrust is not ...view middle of the document...
4. Competence- Industry vs. Inferiority - School-age / 6-11. Child comparing self-worth to others (such as in a classroom environment). Child can recognize major disparities in personal abilities relative to other children.
5. Fidelity- Identity vs. Role Confusion - Adolescent / 12 years till 20. Questioning of self. Who am I, how do I fit in? Erikson believes, that if the parents allow the child to explore, they will conclude their own identity. However, if the parents continually push him/her to conform to their views, the teen will face identity confusion.
6. Intimacy vs. isolation - This is the first stage of adult development between the ages of 20 to 24. Dating, marriage, family and friendships are important during the stage in their life. By successfully forming loving relationships with other people, individuals are able to experience love and intimacy. Those who fail to form lasting relationships may feel isolated and alone.
7. Generatively vs. stagnation is the second stage of adulthood between the ages of 25-64. During this time people are normally settled in their life and know what is important to them. If a person is not comfortable with the way their life is progressing, they're usually regretful about the decisions and feel a sense of uselessness.
8. Ego integrity vs. despair. This stage affects the age group of 65 and on. Many people, who have achieved what was important to them, look back on their lives and feel great accomplishment and a sense of integrity. Conversely, those who had a difficult time during middle adulthood may look back and feel a sense of despair.
In conclusion, during the years many people criticized his theory. Some believed his work to be purely hypothesis rather than empirical, while others were astounded, and found great meaning to his work. In my opinion, Erik Erickson’s theory on personality development is one of the most accurate possibilities out there. Therefore, I highly recommend that we study his work in order to be prepared
for the upcoming stages yet to face in life.