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French Revolution Essay

955 words - 4 pages

Writing Assignment
The French Revolution in 1789 came as a surprise to many people during that time. For a country with such absolute Monarchy and was advanced in every single way comparing to other European countries, revolution is something that no one would expect. However, some Primary Sources clearly shows evidence of the need for revolution among the commoners in France. Some factors that had caused the idea of rebellion include a king that’s completely incompetent, the bankruptcy in the country and hope of liberty after seeing the success of American Revolution. In the end it is the eager for freedom and anger towards high taxes in the third estate that finally led France into the ...view middle of the document...

56] To Young, the nature of the discontents from the peasants and the idea of liberty are yet questionable.
In The Cahiers: Discontents of the Third Estate, there are pages of grievances and discontents written directly by the commoners that are peculiar to the Third Estate and not shared by the First and Second Estates. Some discontents include setting up laws for taxes, setting up meetings of the Estates General once a while and granting the third estate with the right to vote. One thing to focus on is the idea of liberty and freedom in these discontents; these two nouns appear very frequently in sentences. Looking closely at one of the discontents: “the due exacted from commoners holding fiefs should be abolished, and also the general or particular regulations that exclude members of the third estate from certain positions…. A law should be passed declaring members of the third estate qualified to fill all such offices for which they are judged t be personally fitted.” [Sherman, p. 57] Clearly in the eyes of the Third Estate, freedom on some levels equals to power. In order to achieve equality, same level of power should be distributed among the three states. Different from Young’s idea of revolution was caused by bankruptcy and price raising of bread, the people of Third Estates think of themselves as freedom fighters.
In Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes’ pamphlet, he stresses his idea of how France should change. He argues that “If the privileged order should be abolished, the nation would be nothing less, but something more,” [Sherman, p.58] encouraging the abolishment of absolute power and calls for equality between everyone. His ideas...

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