The Fugitive Slave Act of 1773 aroused both strong opposition in both the North and South. The Republican Party dedicated itself to stop the extension of slavery but they lacked constitutional authority to interfere with slavery in the south. After the victory of the Mexican war there were fifteen slave states. The large amount of land acquired left a question of whether or not slavery would be extended to the new land. Congress could not bar slavery’s expansion. The decision would be taken out of national hands and let each new territory make the decision. This did not please free-soil nor pro-slavery extremists.
The states sought admission as a free or slave states. This was opening an expansion of slavery in the new territory. President Zachary ...view middle of the document...
-New Mexico boundary dispute on terms favorable to new Mexico: as incentive for Texas, an agreement that the Federal government would assume the states large public debt: continuation of slavery in the District of Columbia but abolish slave trade there. And last a more effective fugitive slave law. Taylor died shortly after and new President Fillmore supported Clays Compromise. The compromise ultimately failed. It failed to solve the differences between the North and South. They both gained and lost with the compromise. The fugitive slave act allowed harsh measure to recapture slaves. The Northerners found ways to interfere with the enforcement of the Fugitive slave Act. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel Uncle Toms Cabin had a huge political impact. The mistreatment of slaves angered the Northerners. This made many Northerners attitude lean towards an antislavery stance. The Kansas Nebraska act allowed popular Sovereignty in the newly organized territories. This didn’t resolve the issue but created government within the state at rivals. The republican and democrats were the main parties opposing each other. The Republican Party opposed slavery and the democrats of the south were for slavery.
The Northerners believed the fugitive slave act showed political power of the southern slaveholders. It made Northerners out to be slave hunters. The states had rights over the federal government. Bleeding Kansas was the competition of farmers trying to settle there. The farmers were either slave supporters of the south or abolitionists from New England. The Act made any Federal Marshall or citizen who did not arrest a runaway slave liable for a fine or imprisonment. The ones who caught them received bonuses. The North was not upset slavery existed but angry because they were forced to protect slavery of the South.