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Futurelife Essay

2219 words - 9 pages

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Amino Acid |
FUTURELIFE® High Protein Smart Food |
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CGC van Wyk 17017610
C Van reede van Oudtshoorn 16751531
C Robbertse 15990559
JJ Swart 16630718
NS Mogale 16399595

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FUTURELIFE® High Protein Smart foods have been making headlines and is becoming a well known source of protein for sportsman. We decided to do an in depth analysis of the products to determine whether or not this product is as good as they say it is.
The active compound in FUTURELIFE® products is Soya Isoflavones. Isoflavones are a class of phytoestrogens—plant-derived compounds with estrogenic activity (Find a Vitamin or Supplement, 2009). Soy is considered a very good food product as ...view middle of the document...

During times of starvation, our body relies on its own protein stores, such as pre-albumin, albumin, and ultimately protein from sources that it normally shouldn't have to utilize (e.g., muscle tissue, etc.)
Non-essential amino acids are those which can be produced from other amino acids and substances in the diet and metabolism. During times of need, the metabolism can shift into producing the amino acids that it requires for synthesizing proteins essential to our survival (Amino acids: Essential and non-essential, 2008).

Below is a list of essential and non-essential amino acids. 
Essential Amino Acid | Non-essential Amino Acid |
Arginine | Alanine |
Histidine | Asparagine |
Isoleucine | Aspartate |
Leucine | Cysteine |
Methionine | Glutamate |
Phenylalanine | Glutamine |
Threonine | Glycine |
Tryptophan | Proline |
Valine | Serine |
Lysine | Tyrosine |

Consuming too much or too little Amino acids can be harmful to the body. Conditions that results from over-supplementation of amino acids are osteoporosis and renal failure. Consuming too little protein/amino acids can cause the body to break down protein rich tissues in the body, for example the muscles. Low protein intake leads to low body muscle mass and it leads in muscle wastage resulting in muscle weakness. Too little proteins can also lead to vulnerability to infections because the immune system cannot produce antibodies and other immune molecules.
The ratio of Arginine to Glutamine per 100gram is 2600mg/ 1850mg. This means that for every 2600mg of Arginine per 100gram of product, there is 1850mg Glutamine. A metabolic relation exists between glutamine and arginine, two amino acids with properties that enhance the recovery of seriously ill patients. It is possible that glutamine exerts part of its beneficial effects by enhancing the availability of arginine (Gerdien et al, 2008).
Arginine is active in the L-configuration. L-arginine is a precursor to Nitric Oxide (NO), which means that NO is formed out of L-arginine. NO enhances the immune system.
Glutamine is a derivative of glutamic acid. It has a neutral change and the structure is polar. Glutamine's function is part of protein active sites and aids in protein synthesis. Thus, it is found largely in the muscle of the body.
Proteins constitute of amino acids. Amino acids are chemical units that arrange in different sequences making up different proteins. Almost everything in our bodies are made up of proteins, suggesting that amino acids are essential nutrients. Thus, protein participates in sustaining life. We cannot, however, get protein directly from our diet. Our body breaks down dietary proteins into amino acids which are then used to build the proteins our body needs. Amino acids also transmit chemical signals to the brain, therefore it is of utmost importance for survival and optimal functioning.
Arginine plays an important role in muscle metabolism. It also aids in weight loss by...

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