Gender Equality In India Essay

2123 words - 9 pages

GENDER MEANING—The term "Gender" has more than one valid definition. In ordinary speech, it is used interchangeably with "sex" to denote the condition of being male or female.
The World Health Organization (WHO), for example, uses "gender" to refer to "the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women".
EQUALITY MEANING---- The state or quality of being equal.
Sameness in state or continued course; evenness; uniformity; as, an equality of temper or constitution.
Gender inequality refers to the obvious or hidden disparity between individuals due to gender. Gender is constructed both socially through social ...view middle of the document...

When it comes to gender differences, the nature versus nurture debate is still very much alive. Very young toddlers and even infants exhibit typical gender differences, suggesting that nature is the major player in the gender divide. But nurture may be more important than people realize, since children are keenly aware of early gender stereotypes.
While it's unclear how much of the difference between boys and girls is due to genetics and how much is due to socialization, experts agree that a combination of both is likely the cause. Boys and girls are often born with a slight predisposition to stereotypical boy/girl activities, and that predisposition is reinforced and strengthened by life experience.
Fight for gender equality is not a fight against men. It is a fight against traditions that have chained them – a fight against attitudes that are ingrained in the society – it is a fight against system – a fight against proverbial lakshmanrekha which is different for men and different for women. The society must rise to the occasion. It must recognize & accept fact that men and women are equal partners in life. They are individual who have their own identity".
- Dr. Justice A.S. Anand
Types of Gender Inequalities
There are many kinds of gender inequality or gender disparity which are as follows:
1. Natality inequality: In this type of inequality a preference is given for boys over girls that many male-dominated societies have, gender inequality can manifest itself in the form of the parents wanting the newborn to be a boy rather than a girl. There was a time when this could be no more than a wish (a daydream or a nightmare, depending on one's perspective), but with the availability of modern techniques to determine the gender of the foetus, sex-selective abortion has become common in many countries. It is particularly prevalent in East Asia, in China and South Korea in particular, but also in Singapore and Taiwan, and it is beginning to emerge as a statistically significant phenomenon in India and South Asia as well.
2. Professional or Employment inequality: In terms of employment as well as promotion in work and occupation, women often face greater handicap than men. A country like Japan and India may be quite egalitarian in matters of demography or basic facilities, and even, to a great extent, in higher education, and yet progress to elevated levels of employment and occupation seems to be much more problematic for women than for men. The example of employment inequality can be explained by saying that men get priority in seeking job than women.
3. Ownership inequality: In many societies the ownership of property can also be very unequal. Even basic assets such as homes and land may be very asymmetrically shared. The absence of claims to property can not only reduce the voice of women, but also make it harder for women to enter and...

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