Gender Workplace Discrimination Essay

1865 words - 8 pages

Gender Wage Gap Discrimination in Workplace

It has been 35 years since the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 were signed into law in an attempt to eliminate wage discrimination based on gender. As a testament to the fact that the issue is not yet resolved is the fact that the first major piece of legislation signed by President Obama was the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009, another attempt to bring equity to the issue. In this case, the question was not whether gender wage discrimination was, in fact in action, but whether the restrictive requirements of Title VII as far as discovery and filing dates had been satisfied. The court in their ...view middle of the document...

As even in disagreement as to the size and trend, there is agreement in the existence of the gap.

One possible cause of the wage difference has been labeled as the ‘family gap’. In his 2000 article for the Regional Economist, Dr Howard J. Wall, Director of the Center for Regional Economics (CRE8) noted that “Some of this unexplained portion [of the difference in median incomes between genders] might be due to the difficulties involved in accounting for the effects of childbearing on women’s wages. For example, women aged 27 to 33 who have never had children earn a median income that is 98 percent of a man’s” (Wall, October 2009). The focus here is on the absence of a means to measure the effect of career interruption due to parenting and childbirth. This lack of a measure also means that the contribution of this factor to the difference in median wages cannot be effectively gauged. So far it does not appear that there is any definitive progress on the career interruption factor.

Echoing this effect of the ‘family gap’ a study by Burda, Hamermesh and Weil finds that “women log more hours at home and men perform more work for pay” (M. Burda, P. Weil, D. Hamermesh, January 2009). This difference in punch lock hours worked, as opposed to domestic hours worked, has a significant effect on the median wage of women. A study conducted by Budig and England estimated that “American women experience a 7 percent wage penalty per child” due to factors associated with these additional domestic responsibilities (M. Budig, P. England, January 2009). A similar study by Ameu-Dorantes conducted on “college educated women who waited to have children after 30 found no such wage gap,” reflecting the conclusions of Dr. Wall (C. Ameu-Dorantes, J. Kimmel, 2005). The costs on the individuals and society of postponing childbirth, and the resultant lower fertility rates and higher birth risks have yet to be totaled. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 was one attempt to decrease the economic impacts of parenting on women, still other legislation and changes in tax laws have improved the availability of time for parenting and care giving while minimizing the immediate economic impacts. Dr. Wall summarizes his view in his 2000 article concluding “Even in a world free of all types of gender discrimination, as long as people choose to have children, there will likely be a gap between the average earnings of men and women” (Wall, October 2000). So, in this fact, Dr. Wall is stating that discrimination is not an assumable factor when concluding about the infant rate compared to the wage gap; because that is just a portion of the role that women fulfill as part of our society and continuation of the species. It would be an echo of George Orwell’s 1984 novel to expect that women would no longer be the child-rearing portion of our society, or even to force them to make the trade off between motherhood and career as we presently do.

Career selection...

Other Essays Like Gender Workplace Discrimination

Discrimination Essay

1752 words - 8 pages workplace. The exclusion of women altogether solely due to their gender is a now rare example of how women are discriminated against. Although women have gained overall access to the workplace, sex discrimination still persists in additional ways. There multiple examples of potentially unlawful gender discrimination that women face. Hiring and firing are the first two problems women often face within the workplace. An example of this is

Diversity in the Workplace Proposal Essay

2437 words - 10 pages discriminated against when it comes to pay. Even if they are in the same positions the man are paid more. This is observed in the European Union. Gender diversity is happening in Poland as far as employment. Not all companies have introduced equal treatment of women and men. They have mechanisms in place but they are not effective. The attempt to eliminate workplace discrimination and sexual harassment has had little success. We can say that women

Racial Diversity: Historical Worksheet

655 words - 3 pages people based on race and other factors. Still other laws guarantee equal pay. Many of these laws prohibit not only discrimination based on race, but gender, age, religious affiliation and other factors. Discrimination in the workplace can come in many forms, including sexual harassment, race, religion and ethnic discrimination. When an employer does not take the proper steps to prevent discrimination in the workplace, the atmosphere at the

Gender Equity Issues

1185 words - 5 pages Gender Equity Issues Case study Gather Information Gathering information to validate gender issues in the workplace is a better approach than merely assuming the validity of information provided. Gender discrimination is a problem across different countries, organizations, and cultures. It is rooted in traditional patriarchal norms, which put women as minor people in their respective workplaces and homes. Gender discrimination negatively

Incorporation of Human Rights in Australian Law

541 words - 3 pages workplace act 1999. The sex discrimination act of 1984 aims to eliminate discrimination of the basis of sex, marital status or pregnancy in the key areas of employment and education. This act makes it illegal to discriminate on the above basis, to dismiss someone from their job based on family obligations and to sexually harass someone. This act isn’t as effective as women hope as power imbalances make it difficult to establish a case for harassment

Discrimination at Work Place

2664 words - 11 pages statistical data, who is involved, etc.), balanced (you need to present the different view points), critical (who is right or wrong, for which reasons), and conclusive (so what? What to conclude). ETHNIC AND CULTURAL AWARENESS AT WORKPLACE Abstract This paper examines how Hispanic struggles within the workplace to negative factors such as discrimination, unfairness, injustice and harassment. It also places emphasis on historical and

Unit 303 (Shc33) - Promote Equality and Inclusion in Health, Social Care or Children’s and Young People’s Settings

956 words - 4 pages The word inclusion means being included within a workplace, group, structure or society. Whatever people’s characteristics and backgrounds, there must be no obstacles that would exclude people. Everyone must be accepted as they are and given the same opportunities. 1.2 Describe the potential effects of discrimination Potential effects of discrimination are physical health problems, such as stomach ulcers but also mental problems, such as

Women Achieving Justice

1286 words - 6 pages outlawed discrimination on the basis of sex, race, gender, marital status, disability, responsibility as a carer, homosexuality and age. It also established the Anti-Discrimination Board which is part of the NSW Attorney General’s department to oversee the implementation of the act. Equal opportunity act (1999) (CTH),this act requires certain organisations to establish work place programs to remove the barriers to women in the workplace, both when


600 words - 3 pages GENDER INEQUALITY AT WORK Gender inequality refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. Women face discrimination and oppression in almost every sphere of public and private life. Their forms may be subtle or non subtle.They face gender segregation at the workplace, they are not considered for promotions over men, a phenomenon called "glass ceiling" describes this situation. In private lives they are

Hospitality Law and Legal Issues

1772 words - 8 pages recruitment and selection can only be based on the potential candidate's ability to perform assigned tasks. Attributes such as the level of experience, degree of education, and the quality of skills should be the only factors of consideration with no regard to disability, age, ethnicity, gender, or other distinguishing characteristics of the applicant ("Discrimination in the Selection Process”). Sexual harassment in the workplace can come in form of

Diversity Training: Addressing Differences

1062 words - 5 pages Do you think corporations and government agencies should offer diversity training? Diversity training involves more than race; the premise of the question is incorrect. In order to capitalize on the benefits of diversity by creating an inclusive workplace, diversity training must address other major differences such as age, disabilities, gender, etc. The purpose of diversity training is not to do someone a favor

Related Papers

Civil Rights And Title Ix Essay

588 words - 3 pages Austin R. Morales Title VII of Civil Rights Act of 1974 - Gender and Sexual Discrimination Despite legislation for equal opportunities, sexism is still evident in the workplace. Women have made great advancements in the workforce and have become an integral part of the labor market. They have greater access to higher education and as a result, greater access to traditionally male dominated professions such as law. While statistics show

Discrimination: Women Discrimination In The Workplace

1550 words - 7 pages Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace Sheila Canoy Everest University Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace In the United States, gender discrimination is one of the most common types of discrimination. The evolving role of women in the workplace is not readily accepted in society. Despite the illegality of gender discrimination, women are being discriminated against in hiring practices, advancement opportunities, and

Diversity Essay

603 words - 3 pages Diversity Issues As businesses around the world are becoming more diverse, it’s very important for the manger/supervisor to understand and manage how diversity works in the workplace. I’m going to talk about the five issues in diversity. Age, gender, race, religion and culture I think these issues are important when operating a business. Diversity means differences in age, gender, race, religion and culture. A person with different back

Intersectionality Essay

729 words - 3 pages securing a job where there are male competitors. In this regard, many female professionals choose not to work. In line with Intersectionality concept, the problem of gender discrimination in the workplace has been reinforced by other oppressive institutions in the Asian society. Notably is the Islamic doctrine on gender roles and the position of women in the society. Given that the Islamic religion prescribes that the man should always be the