Genetic Modified Food Essay

1920 words - 8 pages

Genetically Modified Food: How can people ignore its benefits?
English 101c-44

The world population is constantly increasing, while the availability of agricultural land is steadily decreasing. How will the world feed the huge numbers of people with limited resources? Genetically modified (GM) food may be a solution. According to the book written by Eric S. Grace, Biotechnology Unzipped: Promises and Realities, genetically modification is a process that artificially transfers genes between same or different species that can be conventionally bred. GM food grows faster than non-GM food, so it can produce food at a faster rate. GM food is high in nutrients and can control ...view middle of the document...

According to the article, “Behind the Biotech Push: World Hunger” by Laurent Belsie, 256 of the university’s 1800 faculty are working in the biotechnology organization in Iowa State University. The university invested $70 million in biotechnology since 1984 and the demand for biotechnology is increasing.
The U.S. has been farming GE crops since 1996 and now more than 80 percent of soybeans, corn, and cotton are growing in the U.S. According to the “Genetically Engineered Food: Promises & Perils” by Karen Charman, “Four farm products-- rice, soybeans, cotton, and canola –currently account for nearly all of the estimated 125 million acres of biotech crops commercially grown around the world. Dairy products have also been transformed by genetic engineering; 10 percent to 30 percent of our dairy cows are injected with the controversial recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH) to boost milk production” (Charman, 74). GM foods are not limited to crops; there are GM farm animals.
There are several benefits about GM foods. GM food grows faster than those that are grown in the traditional way. Due to this fast growth rate, more food can be provided for people. According to the statistics in, "World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics 2010," the world’s population has increased from 2.5 billion to 6.1 billion in the last 50 years and about 1 billion people currently are suffering from hunger and malnutrition. The World Health Organization estimates that one-third of the world is well-fed, one-third is under-fed, and the last one-third is starving. Every 3.6 seconds people die from hunger. In this situation, GM food is not a choice; it is a solution for eliminating worldwide hunger.
GM food can not only be produced at a quick rate, but it can also be cultivated in many different harsh conditions that normal food will not be able to withstand. These conditions are droughts and extreme cold or salinity. According to the book, Plant Biotechnology: the Genetic Manipulation of Plants, written by Adrian Salter, as the population grows, the agricultural land will become infertile as it will lack nutrients and agricultural land will be used for non-agricultural purposes such as housing and industries. The scarce agricultural land will need to support the growing population. The necessity of producing more crops in the limited land and water supply is in higher demanded now.
Unlike regular crops, GM crops have natural resistance against pests and insects, so the amount of pesticides and insecticides sprayed will decrease. In 2010 the article, “Genetically engineered crops need proper management to remain effective,” reported that genetically engineered crops have resulted in reduced pesticide application and reduced soil erosion from tilling. Because GM crops’ resistance against pests will reduce the amount of pesticides used, GM crops can prevent water pollution from pesticides and chemicals.
Also according to the article, “NATURE: Green eggs and...

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