This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Genocide In Rwanda And Burundi Essay

2857 words - 12 pages

Genocide in Rwanda and Burundi

Between April and July of 1994, more than 800,000 people, mostly Tutsi civilians, were slaughtered in a genocidal campaign organized by the Hutu hard-liners. By educating myself as well as others, I hope that we can prevent genocide organizers from eliminating the minority, Tutsi, and remove the tensions between these two groups. Pressure must be placed on the government to put the 120,000 suspected genocide criminals on trial .
This topic is one of the most compelling human dramas of the century. Additionally, I am very interested in human rights violations that are occurring around the world and genocide seems to be the most extreme form of ...view middle of the document...

Furthermore, their head chiefs have made them very vulnerable. The Hutu's race is Bantu, and therefore their ancestry is located somewhere in central or southern Africa.
The third group the Tutsi's, entered and conquered Rwanda through a combination of force and persuasion. The Tutsi represent a little more then 15 percent of the population and were militarily advanced compared to the Hutu. The Hutu come from Ethiopia, and became the most powerful tribe in Central Africa. The Tutsi's acquired culture and beliefs from the Hutu's. This aided in their assimilating and eventual success of tribal domination throughout Rwanda and Burundi .
The Tutsi were clearly a minority in the region. However, to say that this minority dominated over the majority Hutu is too simple. The Tutsi were more numerous and dominant in some areas than others. The Tutsi adopted the Hutu language, customs and traditions.
The Hutu and Tutsi still battle today as both groups fight for land, freedom, and power. Another significant actor involved with the genocide in Rwanda and Burundi is the east African neighboring nation of Tanzania. Tanzania has served as a place of safe refuge for the fleeting people of Rwanda ad Burundi. One example of Tanzania's "Open Arm Policy" was in 1993, when they accepted nearly 300,000 citizens of Burundi who fled for their lives crossing the border to escape the bloody coup. A second example of their humanitarian efforts was in 1994, when over 500,000 people of Rwanda escaped the massacres of their homelands and retreated to the comforts of the neighboring nation, Tanzania .
While there are many problems that in some way led to the genocide that occurred in Rwanda and Burundi, it is my contention that the dominant problem was the complete social division within the two countries. The division between the Hutu and Tutsi cuts through all aspects of life. The division that exists has defined life in these two volatile countries for generations.
For many years, the Hutu and Tutsi tribes lived in an unstable peace with one another. The Tutsi acted as feudal lords over the nation, equipped with their own monarchy and ruling elite. The Hutu served as serfs for their Tutsi lords. This arrangement provided an uneasy security for both parties. The majority Hutu population was governed and protected by the Tutsi, who in turn prosperity for themselves through the Hutu's labor .
This original arrangement was changed with colonialism by Germany, and following the First World War, Belgian colonial occupation. The Hutu under colonial administration were exploited as slave labor. The existing Tutsi hierarchy was used by the colonial powers as an administration for monitoring the slave labor. Therefore, the Tutsi came to act as local representatives of the colonial power .
The result was a complete breakdown of traditional respect and contractual relationships between the Hutu and Tutsi. As the Hutu came to resent colonial rule, the...

Other Essays Like Genocide In Rwanda And Burundi

The Roles and Significance of the Un-Ictr

753 words - 4 pages THE ROLES AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE UN-ICTR One of the major crimes against humanity in the African history was the Rwandan Genocide. This was an attempt made by the Hutu Militias in Rwanda to eliminate Tutsi – men, women and children – and to erase any memory of their existence. Over a period of 100 days from the assassination of Juvenal Habyarimana on April 6th through mid-July 1994, out of a population of 7.3 million

Rwanda: Mamdami's Argument And Suggestion For Reform

1195 words - 5 pages monitored by the UN in 1993 to share the power. In 1994 the Hutu president is killed by an unknown group and the genocide begins against the Tutsi lasting 100 days. Eight-hundred thousand Tutsis are murdered. (BBC.com) Of course, this is only a brief historical breakdown written from a eurocentric standpoint, but it does help explain the political identities of the opposing groups within Rwanda. The main motivators that drove Hutu groups to

Hotel Rwanda

825 words - 4 pages | | Hotel Rwanda | The Effects of Trauma on Victims | In the movie Hotel Rwanda, the most memorable event was when Paul Rusesabagina found his fifteen year-old son, Roger hiding in the bushes of his neighbor’s backyard covered in blood. This very tragic day on April 6, 1994 the Rwandan Genocide began against the Hutus and Tutsis. Many Tutsi neighbors had gathered at Paul’s house. They knew Paul was a Hutu, who had many

Rwandan Genocide

2472 words - 10 pages Rwanda has almost always been somewhat of a melting pot, much like other African nations. People of various ethnicities, occupations, and social classes lived in the country without much more trouble than the surrounding nations. Even so, much like other nations, Rwanda still had underlying issues beneath the surface that still had to be faced. Beginning on April 9th, 1994, the genocide had begun, leading to a systematic killing of over

Rwanda Genocide

1837 words - 8 pages : Genocide in Rwanda. Without a much more thorough linkage between theory and fact, the book's central historical and theoretical propositions must be viewed as unproven. The mere existence of even extremely antagonistic racial divisions does not explain why so many individual citizens appear to have participated so enthusiastically in the genocide, especially given the long history of coexistence and intermarriage between Hutu and Tutsi. Indeed, the

Hotel Rwanda

762 words - 4 pages In World Geography, we have been learning about the African disagreement between the Hutu culture and Tutsi culture. We watched a movie called Hotel Rwanda explaining to us what the genocide was like. This genocide took place in 1994 after, Hutu, President Juvénal Habyarimana was murdered. In Rwanda, the major religion is Hutu and minority is Tutsi. When this murder took place, there was a sudden outbreak in the nation. The Hutu were split into

Congo Genocide

1128 words - 5 pages 32 years. In 1994 genocide in the neighboring African country of Rwanda hastened Mobutu’s downfall and helped plunged the Democratic of the Congo into the deadest conflict in African history. The Rwandan Genocide was a direct cause of the turmoil in the Democratic of the Congo. The Hutu people were recognized as the ethic majority of Rwanda, while the Tutsi’s were looked down upon as the foreign race. The Tutsi’s wanted power to be

Ir Theories

1235 words - 5 pages faced a very serious humanitarian situation, however we see U.S. intervention in Iraq, but not in Rwanda. Research Question “Why would a democracy like the U.S, where respect for human rights has long been a central component of foreign policy, intervene in a country like Iraq, where human rights have been violated, and genocide against the Kurds has been committed, but not do the same elsewhere, like in Rwanda that has seen one of the most

Lawlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll L

2791 words - 12 pages The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organisation composed of five countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa; Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. Jakaya Kikwete, the president of Tanzania, is the EAC's chairman. The organisation was founded originally in 1967, collapsed in 1977, and was revived on 7 July 2000. The East African Community is an international organization whose final aim is to

Legacies Of Historical Globalization

1340 words - 6 pages . There are many diseases that can be caught easily and Toms do not provide enough protection. The Rwandan Genocide also is still an existing issue which killed one million people, mostly Tutis and some Hutu’s, continues to be one of the most tragic and memorable events in the contemporary society of Africa. Specifically for those who were involved. Lucie Niyigena, a 70 year old woman who managed to survive the genocide, is still forced to face

Leadership in President Paul Kagame

2022 words - 9 pages For decades, African nations have been unstable entities characterized by decolonization, civil wars and genocide. One of the most prominent examples of the above since 1950 is Rwanda, a small country in central Africa. Surely it takes a remarkable leader to take charge of such a disheveled territory and establish its first successful republic. Paul Kagame, the current President of Rwanda, was able to do just that. His experiences during his

Related Papers

To What Extent Was The Rwanda Genocide And Example Of Root And Branch Genocide?

1606 words - 7 pages group. (Farlex) The Rwandan Genocide was a mass murdering of minority groups, killing approximately 800,000 men, women, and children. This immediately made me think what connection this certain genocide have to the term the root-and-branch genocide, a recent term that was mentioned but not fully described in my research of the Rwanda Genocide. The term root-and-branch is when the murders that are killing a certain population go beyond just male

Hotel Rwanda Essay

944 words - 4 pages did not even initiate themselves to come help the Tutsis. This is viewed as such a bad thing that they did due to them obviously not being all together and apart of the same group because they did not even go to help Rwanda when they claimed that they would be the ones to help keep peace between everyone. It took a long time for the UN to actually step in, this is inferred through the movie and the 100 days that the genocide lasted, just think if

Earthquake In East Africa Essay

1010 words - 5 pages population of about 9 million people with the most engaged in subsistence agriculture. It has been well known after the genocide in 1994. The Democratic republic of Congo is situated at the heart of the west central portion of sub-Saharan Africa. It is bounded by Angola, the republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania and Zambia. The city of Bukavu in the Democratic Republic of Congo was hit and it is said

Humanitarian Intervention Essay

1357 words - 6 pages . (Rwanda, 2008) Eventually the war escalated to the point where the Hutu began genocide of the Tutsi and anybody who opposed the ideas of the Hutu. The killing of the Tutsis became so common—in a very short amount of time—that it was practically acceptable amongst the Rwandans. (Hintjens, 1999) This was a very brutal and gruesome genocide. In just five weeks, approximately half a million Tutsi and innocent civilians had been murdered. (Hintjens