Growth/Failure of German Nationalism 1815 – 1850
Timeline of Events
1815 – End of the Napoleonic Wars and creation of the Deutscher Bund (German Confederation)
1817 – Wartburg Festival
1818 – Formation of the Zollverein
1819 – Carlsbad Decrees
1848 – Revolutions in Europe (including Austria and Prussia)
1848/9 – Frankfurt Parliament
1849 – Erfurt Union (League of the Three Kings)
1850 – Treaty of Olmutz
There are three basic types of essay question on this topic:-
A. Why did nationalism grow/What were the reasons for the growth of nationalism?
DO THE ISOLATED FACTOR FIRST.
WEIGH UP THE FACTORS AS YOU GO ALONG – DON’T WAIT TILL THE CONLUSION ...view middle of the document...
Nationalism grew but ultimately failed to unite the German states by 1850.
Which factors were most important in the growth of German nationalism?
WEIGH UP the factors one by one – finish with the one that you think was most important. Include a good quote if you can.
B. How much had nationalism grown by 1850?
1. Intro – SEAF
start date – 1815, end of Napoleonic war/creation of Deutscher Bund, end date – 1850, still no united German state, but nationalism had grown to the extent that had been one serious attempt to unite the German states in 1848 (Frankfurt)
2. Examples of how far nationalism had grown before 1840s - (2 BRIEF paragraphs)
Cultural – Wartburg/Hambach.
Were these real nationalists? Would they ever unite the German states? Mention Carlsbad/Six Acts ‘nipped this in the bud’
3. Economic – Zollverein.
Was this just an economic union? Was it a force for political unity?
4. Extent of nationalism by 1840s. (2 paragraphs)
1848 Revolutions –
how economic problems created nationalism amongst peasants and working classes (Berlin demands for constitution and united Germany). Frankfurt Parliament and reasons for failure of revolutions
Had nationalism really grown enough to unite the German states? Or was nationalism in the 1840s simply a short-lived reaction to wider economic problems?
5. Erfurt Union/Olmutz
Attempt by ruling classes to have unification on their own terms and its failure with the humiliation of Olmutz.
Was this really nationalism or a knee-jerk reaction by rulers to protect their own interests?
Nationalism grew but ultimately failed to unite the German states by 1850. How much more likely was unification by 1850? How many serious attempts had been made to unify the German states? How much closer were the German states economically and culturally?
C. Why did nationalism fail to unite the German states...