The Industrial Revolution allowed new technologies to speed up the production of goods. Two significant consequences were the breakdown of family units and mass urbanization. Prior to this revolution the majority of people were skilled craftsman or farmers. With mass production now a possibility this lowered the need for skilled craftsman and forced many to move into the city to find jobs including many women and children. The husbands went away to find potential jobs in the city or the women and children were being employed in the factories themselves. This left many women back in the country to take care of all of the farm work or many families split working in factories for long hours leading to much less time to teach their children and a significant decrease in family time altogether. The farm work before relocating to the city allowed for a slower paced life where there was more ...view middle of the document...
This mass urbanization only increased the dissolution of family units further. ( Zeitlin 1995)
The Industrial Revolution caused yet a further divide between the rich and the poor. By creating a dependency on employers to give wages, capitalism was established as the dominant economic system that we still live under today.
The rise of capitalism helped to bring about communism because it created a new economy. In the new economy there were many workers in the factories. The factory workers are then exploited and mistreated by the factory owners. With the workers doing all of the work and the owners having the majority of the profits from their work it was unfair and caused the workers to become angry. This caused the workers to feel alienated and they are no longer working because they enjoy it but out of a simple need to work to survive. Because of these conditions, it can lead to communism. The workers will eventually all see that they are being exploited and they will eventually rise up, throw off capitalism, and create a communist system.
Two differences between capitalism and communism systems are ownership of business and the incentive to advance.
Capitalism is the economic system that consists of private or corportate owned businesses. The owners make all of the decisions for the company and thus gain the profits of the business. The incentive to advance with capitalism is increasing wealth for owners and vying for a better position for the workers while creating opportunity for better fortune.
In contrast communism is the economic system that consists of all members having not only an equal obligation to contribute but also equal reward from the business. This allows all members of the business to have the incentive of more wealth not just the owners.
Sheena Gingerich, Oliver Archer-Antonsen, Liam Purcell, and Elizabeth Macklem. The Industrial Revolution. http://industrialrevolution.sea.ca. 2003.
Zeitlin, M. (1995). Strengthening the family implications for international development. Tokyo: United Nations University Press.