This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Glass Tank Furnace Essay

773 words - 4 pages

DESIGN OF A GLASS TANK FURNACE
AIM-
Design of a regenerative and fired glass tank furnace of 200ton per day capacity to produce a sheet glass using furnace oil as fuel melted at 1500oC.
Given composition of the sheet glass-
Sio2 Al2O3 CaO MgO R2O Fe2O3
71 0.4 9 3 16 0.6
DIFFERENT PARTS OF A GLASS TANK FURNACE.
1. Doghouse assembly
2. Melting end
3. Crown
4. Bridge
5. Conditioning and Refining end
6. Regenerators
7. Portsland Burneses
8. Bubblers
9. Temprature Measurments
10. Furnace video camera
11. Furnace cooling System
12. Furnace exhust system
13. Auxillary System

Sl.NO. | Refractories | Using Area | ...view middle of the document...

|
9. | Mag-Zir | Crown of regenerator | It has very high thermal conductivity. |

SHEET GLASS
It is also known as float glass. Float glass is a term for perfectly flat and clear glass.
The raw materials are (silica sand, cao, soda lime, magnesia) are properly mixed and introduced in a FC where they are melted at 1500*c.
The molten glass then flows from the into the bath of a molten tin in a continuous ribbon.
The glass which is highly viscous and the tin which is very fluid do not mix and the contact surface between these two materials is perfectly flat. When it leaves the bath of molten tin,the bath has cooled down sufficiently to pass to an annealing chamber called a lehr.Here it is cooled at controlled temperature until it is essentially at room temperature.
BATCH COMPONENTS
I. Glass forming oxides-SiO2,B2O3,P2O5
II. Network modifiers or fluxes-Na2O,CaO,PbO,K2O,Li2O
III. Intermediates-Al2O3,Sb2O5
IV. Colorants-CoO,NiO,Fe2O3
V. Firing agents-Na2SO4

DIFFERENT PARTS OF FLOAT FURNACE
* Dog house
* Melting zone
* Refining zone
* Regeneration and flu line
* Neck combines main furnace to working end
* Filler and final shape is given
* Canal

MATERIAL BALANCE AND ENERGY BALANCE
MATERIAL BALANCE
Basis: 1000 kg molten glass
REQUIRED GLASS COMPOSITION
Component | SiO2 | Al2O3 | CaO | MgO | Na2O | Fe2O3 |
Amount(%) | 71 | 0.4 | 9.0 | 3.0 | 16.0 | 0.6 |
Raw materials |...

Other Essays Like Glass Tank Furnace

The Versatility And Flexibility Of OLED's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The question

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European powers

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages Throughout history, animals have been used in experiments to test product safety and obtain medical knowledge that benefits both humans and animals alike. Every year there are numerous medical breakthroughs, such as medications and surgical instruments, which are tested on animals to insure their safety before they are deemed acceptable for human use. Even though the results of the experiments saved millions of human lives, they are also

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages The lives of students today are changing. They are preparing for lives and jobs that have never before existed. If teachers hope to have a significant and worthwhile impact on these quickly changing lives, they must change the way they think, prepare, and instruct our future generations. Children cannot afford to have teachers who remain stagnant in their methods and ideals. Students crave instructors that are willing to allow them to tap

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Resolved: Presidential Signing Statements Threaten To Undermine The Rule Of Law And The Separation Of Powers

1811 words - 8 pages The subject of signing statements has created much debate among the houses of Congress, government officials, and the public alike. These signing statements fall under the categories of constitutional and legislative history signing statements. Constitutional signing statements are those in which the president deems certain provisions of the legislation as unconstitutional, therefore they should not be enforced (Bradley & Posner, 2006

Oppressive Systems Of Government In Egypt And Animal Farm

1529 words - 7 pages As in Egypt, Orwell demonstrates through his allegorical novel “Animal Farm” that leaders are able to establish and maintain power over a people, and in turn create an oppressive and corrupt government system. Orwell shows the significant difference in the education and levels of knowledge in the animals, and how the government takes advantage of this difference. The split between the levels of intelligence is portrayed in the first chapter when

The Pathway To Psychosis

1415 words - 6 pages “How all occasions do inform against me” is a line from act IIII, scene IIII of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. This line, spoken by Hamlet, expresses his emotional state as he is currently overwhelmed by the death of his father, the king of Denmark, and the situation surrounding it. After Hamlet learns of his father’s death he finds out that his mother has married Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle. On top of all of that, Hamlet soon after

Related Papers

Proper Maintenance For Gas Fired Boiler

841 words - 4 pages pipes, dampers or valves, blower or pump, registers or radiators, the petrol line as well as the gasometer or oil tank-together with every part in the furnace or boiler itself. Step two: Next, it really should be run through a complete heating cycle to make certain it offers plenty of combustion air and chimney draft. Contractors use smoke pencils to check on for sufficient draft plus test the oxygen for carbon monoxide. Step 3

Technology, Environment And Society Essay

5356 words - 22 pages before 1000 B.C. • Hebrew Bible (Old testament) around 1000 BC • Prophets of Jews: Abraham, Mosses • Solomon: king of Hebrew Monarchy, builder of the first temple in Jerusalem i. Spreading of Aryans • Tribes of fair and blue eyed Nordic race • Spread from central Europe to Asia Inventions/ Developments during Bronze age • Discovery of bronze, Metal working, Glass working

Hello Motto Essay

4184 words - 17 pages history spans from the 7th Century B.C. to today. We started out concentrating the sun’s heat with glass and mirrors to light fires. Today, we have everything from solar-powered buildings to solar powered vehicles. IN 1838  Edmund Becquerel observed and published findings about the nature of materials to turn light into energy. They were considered interesting, but were not pursued. He is credited with the discovery of the photovoltaic

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has