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Globalization Essay

2525 words - 11 pages

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Globalization and Technology: Effects upon American Hegemony |
“How the spread of globalization and ease of technology will affect America’s hegemonic stance.” |
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8/22/2013 |

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The United States has been a dominant power since the mid 20th century. The U.S. has understood that being at the pinnacle of the world powers has vast benefits. It allows others to listen when one is promoting the spread of human rights or slowing the spread of weapons of mass destruction,” (Walt, 2011). As a result, this is the status and prestige that the U.S. enjoyed during the early 20th century. Up until now that is, the prestige, and status that the U.S. enjoyed is beginning to wane. In ...view middle of the document...

The United States will possibly begin to see what it is like to feel the reins of power slip from her fingers as she lost the power of number one. Yet it is critical on how this transition occurs, will the United States of America pass the torch graciously or fight the world for was she perceives as hers. In addition, if and when, America loses her coveted spot of number one, what will be her reception when she re join the other countries in the gallery?

Background

 On December 26, 1991, the Soviet Union died and something new was born, something utterly new -- a unipolar world dominated by a single superpower unchecked by any rival and with decisive reach in every corner of the globe, and it was a superpower United States. A global takeover had not been seen since the fall of Rome. United States was a fully mobilized, concentrated unipolar power that stretched across the globe. There was not another empire that could make claims like this. The machine that was the United States was the biggest empire in the history of the world. Though looking at history it is pretty easy to see how she reach such heights. During the 20th century as the other countries engaged in World Wars with one another on their own lands, United States only had to sent troops and supplies across the waters. Thus the States were able to build she armies in relative peace and quiet without the interference of another bombing their factories. Geologically, the United States were not in any danger as the countries of Eurasia, tried to wipe one another off the face of the planet. Yes, there were a few attacks that harmed the United States citizens, nevertheless, it was never to the wide scale devastation that was encounter in the countries of the Eurasia.

In the 1990s, there was the creation of liberal internationalism, which is the bible to the foreign policy elite of the Democratic Party. Its roots can be traced back to several former presidents’ foreign policies including Wilson, Truman, and Kennedy, yet after the Vietnam war, it was transformed into something that was almost Anti-American. Nevertheless, even with this bump in the road it was never truly derailed. Today, United States is the one true global power. Her military whether by land, water, or air can reach every part of the world, if she is not already there. Her economic power controls the world money market system. Her soft power of culture is so extensive that every corner of the globe where there is a population you can find American touches and traces of her culture.

Issues

However, her hold on her power, may be growing lax. The past two decades have witnessed the emergence of new power centers in several key regions. The most obvious example is China, whose explosive economic growth is undoubtedly the most significant geopolitical development in decades. The United States has been the world’s largest economy since roughly 1900, but China is likely to overtake America in total economic output...

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