Globalization describes a process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a global network of communication, transportation, and trade.
Diffusion is the process by which a culture item spreads from group to group or society to society.
Impact of globalization and diffusion on world society:
Since the mid-twentieth century globalization has become a buzzword to talk about
societies, and is defined as a way of integrating worldwide government policies, cultures, societies, social movements, financial markets through trade and exchange of ideas. The process of globalization has been accelerated by modern means of communication and transportation, ...view middle of the document...
During the last three decades, Bangladesh has experienced different forms of
Governments. Despite the changes in political power and governance, the economic front experienced a continuity of policy and ideology. One of the major factors behind this continuity could be the increasing authority of the Global Institutions (GI) that have been operating in Bangladesh and their decisive involvement in formulating policies and
monitoring implementation of these policies. These institutions include the World
Bank (WB), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Asian Development Bank
(ADB), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and the United States
Agency for International Aid (USAID).
In the last thirty years Bangladesh had plenty of ‘development’ projects and
accumulated a huge international debt for attaining this ‘development’. During
this process, a number of consultancy firms, think tanks and hundreds of NGOs
emerged, and many experts in different fields were born. Different projects have
provided opportunities for bureaucrats, consultants to travel to other parts of the
world to have training from or consultation with experts in the centers. We now
have plenty of experts, consultants and researchers in different fields who have
become a part of international community hungry for the projects and blessings
of the global institutions. Poverty alleviation projects gave enough affluence to
foreign-local consultants, bureaucrats, NGO owners, and researchers. Agriculture
and Water development projects could ensure enough business to international
and national construction firms, bureaucrats, consultants and agribusiness
corporate bodies. Energy and power development projects ensured disastrous
investments and quick high profits for the MNCs. Research and education
programs have succeeded in creating an ideological hegemony by giving birth to a lot of clone intellectuals and experts. Affluence and poverty grew parallel.
The fate of Bangladesh is now being determined by not any elected bodies, not
from any initiative from within but by bureaucratic global institutions, which have
authority here but do not bear any responsibility for their actions. The policies of
different governments regarding industry, agriculture, education, health, trade,
environment, poverty, women have only given legitimacy to the policies outlined
much earlier by the bodies not accountable to the people of this land. And through
these actions, jointly taken by the local governments and the global institutions,
Bangladesh has been moving towards being more and more integrated into the
global capitalist system. Since the local ruling class does have strong lumpen
features and cannot be characterized as productive bourgeosie, Bangladesh is
moving as a blind mindless follower, therefore standing in a very...