Present Statistical Status of Nepalese Women: An Analysis
Lecturer, Nepal Commerce Campus
Women are the back bone of their family, pillar of community life and care taker of next generation, but most of their works are unpaid, invisible and unrecognized. Now days, Nepal is in transition phase of federal republic democracy. The process of new constitution is going to materialize. So it hopes that the future constitution will be inclusive in nature on basis of gender equality. This paper tries to explain the conditions and participation of female in various sectors of nation.
Patriarchal family, Gender equality, Reproductive rights, Education ...view middle of the document...
Due to the lack of primary health facilities, they reach the door of death in stage of pregnancy and maternity. But women are the back bone of their family, pillar of community life and primary care taker of next generation. In addition, they manage house hold and prepare foods. In the absence of supporting policies, laws, services and time saving technologies, women work take for more hours on an average than men. Most of their works are unpaid, invisible and unrecognized. The average daily working load of a woman is 10.9 hours while it is 7.8 hours for a man (IIPF, 2001).
In the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063, article20, women rights are expressed as the fundamental rights of nation. So many positive factors are written in the constitution about the women rights. Besides of this, various partial rules and regulations between the male and female are amended, but problems are not going to be solved by the weak implementation.
In traditional society, the status of women is generally low. In such society, child bearing itself restores prestige of wife, but childless woman is looked down upon (Bhende & Kanitkar, 2010: p 489). Similarly, high growth rate of population means the birth of more children by a woman. If a woman gives more children, she can not get the opportunities of education, training, employment and other social activities (Luitel, 2007: p 45).Now days, Nepal is in transition phase of federal republic democracy. The process of making new constitution is going to materialize. In 2063 Jestha 26, the concurrent legislative assembly gave a decision that it must be provided 33% woman representation in the different fields of nation. So it hopes that the future constitution of Nepal will be inclusive in nature on the basis of gender equality. Gender equality refers to same status, right and responsibility for women and men. It is necessary to give the reproductive right to women constituently as the fundamental right of them.
The International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo 1994) has emphasized women empowerment as a basic tool for country’s overall development and improving the quality of life. In ICPD 1994, reproductive rights are defined as the basic right of couples and individual to decide freely and responsively the number, spacing and timing of their children and highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. It also includes their right to make decisions concerning reproduction free from discrimination, coercion and violence. The fourth world conference on women (Beijing1995) has also followed the theme of Cairo conference as improving women’s access to and control over economic resources can be a key lever for lifting families and communities out of poverty.
Despite many international conference affirming women’s human rights, girls and women are still much more likely than men to be poor, malnourished and illiterate and to have less access than men to medical care, property...