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Gothicism In The Hound Of The Baskerville

4854 words - 20 pages

Gothicism in Detective Fiction The Hound of the Baskervilles

By
Yue Zhao

Submitted to the School of Foreign Studies in Partial Fulfillment to the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Arts in
English (International Trade)
Under the Supervision of Ms. Tang Jun

June, 2012

Acknowledgement
I would like to pay tribute to all those people who have given me a hand in the process of writing this thesis. Without their gracious help, the accomplishment of this thesis would not be so smooth.
First and foremost, I deeply appreciate my supervisor, Ms. Tang Jun, who has provided me with so many valuable comments and constructive advice all the way through. But ...view middle of the document...

The features of gothic novel can be seen in many aspects of this work which causes readers’ difficulty in accepting some scenes appear in this fiction, however, on the other hand those scenes are reasonable considering the development of the whole story. The conflict reflect that the author is trying to communicate with us by his work.

Key Words: gothicism; detective fiction; The Hound of Baskervilles

哥特风格在侦探小说
《巴斯克维尔的猎犬》中的应用
摘要:亚瑟·柯南道尔笔下的夏洛克·福尔摩斯作为最有影响虚构人物之一,一直受到广泛的关注。《巴斯克维尔的猎犬》就是该系列小说之一,本文试图运用哥特小说的特征简要分析哥特风格在这篇小说中人物,场景,情节描写上的应用,从而了解哥特风格在侦探小说中对读者接受和解读文本所呈现出的效果及影响。
哥特式小说作为文学流派之一,常常使我们将其与黑暗和恐怖相联系,包含恐怖,神秘,超自然,家庭诅咒等因素。这类小说的特征在《巴斯克维尔的猎犬》的很多描写中都体现的淋漓尽致,在侦探小说的形式下,由于哥特风格的应用,使得读者在情感上难以接受某些场景的出现,但从整体情节发展来看,这些场景的出现又都是合理的。这种冲突的产生恰好反映了作者试图通过作品进行交流。

关键词:哥特风格;侦探小说;巴斯克维尔的猎犬

CONTENTS
Acknowledgement i
Abstract: ii
Chapter I Introduction 1
1.1 Toptic area and research background 1
1.2 Thesis Structure 2
1.3 Significance of the research 2
Chapter II Literature review 3
2.1 Previous researches on Stories of Sherlock Holmes 3
2.1.1 In China 3
2.1.2 In other countries 4
Chapter III Theoretical framework 5
3.1 Features of gothic fiction 5
3.2 Techniques used in gothic fiction 6
Chapter IV Analysis on gothicism in The Hound of Baskervilles 7
4.1 On characters 7
4.2 On scenes 9
4.3 On plot 10
Chapter V Conclusion 12
5.1 Major findings 12
5.2 Limitations 12
Bibliography 13

Gothicism in Detective Fiction The Hound of the Baskervilles

Chapter I Introduction
1.1 Toptic area and research background
The author of this fiction, Arthur Conan Doyle, was born in 1859 in Edinburgh and died in 1930 in Crowborough. Storis of Sherlock Holmes, written by him, is one of the wordwide notable works for its success in shaping the character detective Sherlock Holmes. Originally serialised in The Strand Magazine, The Hound of the Baskervilles was published in 1902. Conan Doyle had Holmes apparently plunge to death down the Reichenbach Falls in the story The Final Problem. However, public outcry led him to bring the character back in this story, though it was set at a time before the Reichenbach incident.
The fiction traces the suspicious deaths of Sir Charles Baskerville beside a moor and the subsequent investigation by Holmes and his partner Watson. Sir Charles Baskerville was a general and widely respected man, who had a sizeable amount of inheritance and living in Baskerville Hall with a heart disease. In order to obtain the money, Jack Stapleton, who acctually was another heir besides Charles’s nephew Henry Baskerville named Roger Baskerville, trained a hound and murdered Charles and also attempted to murder Henry yet did not commit by making use of the tale of a hellhound. In the tale, Hugo, early member of Baskerville family, was seen put to death by a gigannic hound after some wicked actions. In this way, he misled people...

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