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Government Essay

1430 words - 6 pages

Beatrice Walker
Professor Lopez-Schermer
June 10, 2013

Our four fathers as a way of check and balances created the Constitution. They believed that a strong federal government was needed for the country to survive. The constitution is the base for all laws in the United States. It’s the highest law in the United States. The constitution can be changed, when it’s changed it’s called and amendment. Among the amendments are the bill of rights and the reconstruction amendments. In this paper I will discuss how and why amendments become part of the constitution, what were some problems with the original document that motivated the adoption of the bill of rights, the ...view middle of the document...

A proposed amendment becomes part of the constitution as soon as it is ratified by three-fourths of the States (38 of 50 states). Ensuring all citizens are equally represented when amending the constitution “no state, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the senate,” (Patterson, 2009, p. 512).
Amendments are the revisions that have been made to the original materials. Our forefathers set up the constitution so that it could be changed if it had to be. It was not meant to be a document that was set in stone. There have been 27 amendments to the constitution.

What problems with the original document motivated the adoption of the Bill of Rights?
When the constitution was first written, many states feared they were creating a central government that was too strong. This was one of the main reasons that it took states like New York so long to ratify the constitution because they were not sure about it. In order to make the people feel at ease a Bill of Rights was included. The Bill of Rights was adopted in 1791. It is the first ten amendments to the constitution. Its purpose was to protect certain rights and privileges of the people. The bill of rights was created because people felt like they needed the reassurances of their rights.
People felt that the constitution gave the government too much power and had no protection for the citizens. They demanded a bill of rights that would proclaim the rights of individuals.

What have been the effects of the Bill of Rights?
The United States Bill of Rights affects US citizens in so many ways. Citizens are granted certain rights, like freedom of speech, right to practice religion, assembly, and unlawful search and seizures. The Bill of Rights protects individuals from abuse not only from the federal government but also from state and local governments too. The Bill of Rights limited the actions taken against the people by the federal government. The fourteenth amendment applied the bill of rights to state governments.
Other countries have followed suit and constructed documents like the bill of rights. In today’s society the bill of rights is very much an important part of everyday life.

What problems with the original document, or changes in society, led to later amendments? Choose one of the following groups to discuss:
• Thirteenth through fifteenth amendments
Called the Reconstruction amendments, the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments to the United States constitution. They were important elements in implementing the reconstuction of the south after the war. The three amendments to the constitution were made in an n effort to establish equality for black Americans.
The thirteenth amendment was proposed and ratified in 1865 abolished slavery. The fourteenth amendment proposed and 1869 and ratified in 1868 included the privileges or immunities clause, due process and equal protection clauses. The fifteenth amendment proposed in...

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