The growth of human being has travelled a long journey. It was the greatest achievement of primitive man when he discovered fire with the help of a stone. With this human history moved very fast.
Later on a number discoveries and inventions were made which changed human life completely. Energy is such a great invention which made our life more and more comfortable. It has become most needed necessity for us. It has created a crisis also.
In the industrially advanced world of today, the demand for energy is increasing day by day. Energy is considered to be life line of any economy and most vital instrument of socioeconomic development of a country. It is pivotal in running machinery in factories and industrial units, for lighting our cities and powering our vehicles. It seems as if everything will be paralyzed if there were no energy.
An energy crisis is any great shortfall in the supply of energy resources to an economy. It usually refers to the shortage ...view middle of the document...
It will mean energy crisis, for which we ourselves are responsible. People who have made careful calculation feel that at present level of exploitation, the coal deposit will last till 2080 and it is also true that poor quality coal with the carbon content of 40 percent only, is not conducive for electricity generation.
It is also very difficult to harness the uneven distribution of coal. Hence man is on look out for other sources of energy. Our present hope seems to rest on nuclear power Nuclear energy can be obtained both through fusion and fusion processes. An enormous amount of energy is released from small quantity of fuel in both these processes. But we
Must be aware of the fact that nuclear power is full of risks the use of nuclear energy gives rise to pollutants and hence pollutes our environment. Infact the pollution caused by the use of nuclear energy from fission process is much more damaging than the pollution caused by burning forssil fuels. The dangerous nuclear radiations can damage and cause irreparable damage to cells and in some cases even lead to death.
The world is thus faced with serious energy crisis. The condition of Pakistan is no better. With growing population the demand for energy is increasing day by day. Since Pakistan has limited coal and oil reserve and power generation from coal and oil is also very costly, therefore the government is taking steps to supply energy for non-commercial purposes from various sources such as bio-gas and Independent Power Plants (IPPs).
Scientists all over the world are trying to meet the challenge. They are trying to harness solar, water, and air reserves. Hydro-electric power is cheaper, so are air mills. Solar energy too has bright hopes for man. However it is very expensive to establish the necessary infrastructure for tapping solar energy. Giant discs are made to concentrate the sunlight on the thermal generators which use this sunlight to produce energy.
Thus all possible efforts will have to be made to save us from total darkness. This, in the process, will need an elaborate planning and necessary measures to overcome this dilemma and save our economy and therefore, our country from the brink of going bankrupt.