Hal Roach Essay

1297 words - 6 pages

Film d’Art – France
* French stage plays
* To preserve the great triumphs of French stage.
* First movies – only scenes
* From 1906 such films are made and by 1912, an hour length
* 1910: bigger screens for multi-reel movies for a greater audience

Italian film business
* Emerges in 1912
* More like a grand opera
* Multi-reel, gigantic elaborate sets
* Stories and legends about ancient Rome
* Movies can last for up to 2 hours
* The feature films do not qualify for nickelodeons because they are too long and they are worth more than a nickel, which is the maximum price of movies on nickelodeons.
* George Kleine adopts the movies and charged ...view middle of the document...

L. Rothafel
* Theatre manager in Minnesota
* Leading spokesman for theatre in grand theatre era
* Radio shows, promoting deluxe theatre

Balaban and Katz
* Chicago-based
* Built almost all key deluxe theatres in Chicago
* AC inside movie houses

Grauman’s Chinese Theatre
* Hollywood
* 1927

Grauman’s Million Dollar and Egyptian Theatre
* For movie premieres

Fox Carthay Circle
* San Vicente Blvd
* 1926-1969

Academy Theatre

City Lights at the LA Theatre

Fox Bakersfield
* Architect S. Charles Lee
* 1930

* Nationwide feature film distribution in 1910
* 1914 – W.W. Hodkinson, putting together first feature film distributions
* Paramount weekly changes films and creates money
* Zukor realizes it’s his movies that are making money for Paramount, and he asks for merger
* 1916 – Zukor and Famous Players Lasky merge production and distribution
* 1917 – distributes over 100 features
* Block booking – rent their films to cinemas. If you want to rent from paramount, you have to rent all 50 movies and book the entire program (all or none basis)

Birth of Hollywood
* Movement from east coast to west coast to Hollywood
* Takes place really quickly around LA and the suburbs of LA
* 1914 everyone thinking to open movie houses
* 350 Sunny Days a Year – cannot shut down for anything, shoot year round to create 50 features a year
* variety of location – as if the movie’s in Russia, china, etc.
* inexpensive property
* open shop town
* distance from new York
* Hollywood

Thomas Ince and The Studio System
* Factory/mass production system
* How do you keep your cost low enough?
* How do you make sure the 50 films pass the minimum standards?
* The Producer
* The Film Studio
* The Screenplay
* The Division of Labor

* Important genre
* Silent comedy – certain universality
* Positive reputation to all of Hollywood
* Slapstick comedy – Mack Sennett (1880-1960)
* Keystone Studios was the first laughing factory
* Comedies built around a chase, mostly police: Keystone Cops
* Main character running around in beach, passing through ladies in bathing suits
* Concluded in pie fights or food fights

Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977)
* First really great male character in film
* With brother Sydney Chaplin in Fred Karno comedy troupe – tour around Europe
* 1913 Dee Chaplin joins Mack Sennett and Keystone – one-year contract: 35 short films, establishing himself
* “The Tramp” – a little guy with moustache and ill-fitting clothing, homeless person, bottom one in society
* 1915 Essanay
* 1916 Mutual
* 1917 La Brea Studio
* 1918 First National
* 1919 United Artists

Hollywood – the Silent Era

* Big pictures with actors and stars, clear story-telling, screening in DeLuxe Theatres
* The Studio System

First National

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