This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Havard Referencing System Essay

5234 words - 21 pages

UCL-CLIE Pre-sessional courses 2013

UCL Pre-sessionals - Harvard Referencing System 2013
This document explains how you can reference your work according to the Harvard Referencing System (henceforth simply referred to as Harvard). While there are a number of different referencing systems used in academia worldwide, Harvard is the most common and, consequently, is the one most likely to be useful to you in your future academic studies. This is why we expect you to use Harvard for referencing on the Pre-sessional. Once you have been admitted to the university department where you will be studying for your degree, you should, however, check which system your department favours and adapt ...view middle of the document...

This is because a reference can help demonstrate that you have not simply fabricated or invented the evidence you use when presenting your arguments.

How to keep records for referencing
1. Record all bibliographical details of the origin of your information, including page numbers for paginated material and section and paragraph numbers for non-paginated material. For a book these may include: author/editor, year of publication, title, edition, volume number, place of publication and publisher (these details can usually be found on the front few pages of the book, just prior to the list of contents). It should be noted that precisely which of these details will be needed may vary slightly. More specific information is incorporated into the examples on subsequent pages of this document. Note down the full bibliographic details including the page number(s) from which the information is taken.


UCL-CLIE Pre-sessional courses 2013

For a journal article the details required are likely to include: author, year of publication, title of article and title of journal, volume and issue number of journal and the page numbers from the first page of the article to the last page of the article. For electronic information, in addition to all of the above, you should include the date when you accessed the information and the name of the database of the web address (URL) from which the information has been accessed. 2. You should insert the required information in the text at the point where you use it (for a full range of examples, see the taxonomy of in-text references below) 3. You need to provide a reference list at the end of the text listing all sources in alphabetical order (for a full range of examples, see the taxonomy of end-or-text references below).

Reporting the ideas of others: quotations and paraphrases
Use the name of the author, followed by the year of publication when citing references within the text of an assignment. Where different authors have the same family name, include the author’s initials in the in-text citation e.g. (Hamilton, C.L., 1994) or C.L. Hamilton (1994). If two or more authors are cited at the same point in the text then they are included in the same in-text citation, separated by a semicolon e.g. (Brown 1991; Smith 2003). They should be presented alphabetically by author. When the same author has written two or more publications in the same year and you want to distinguish them from each other, the year of the one with the title alphabetically closest to “a” should be followed by an ‘a’, the one which has the second closest to “a” in alphabetical terms should be followed by a ‘b’, etc. For example, (Kroll, 1990a), Kroll, (1990b) and so on. In instances where two references by the same author/s are enclosed in the same brackets, they should be separated by a comma. For example, (Johns, 1988, p. 706, 1993, p. 167). When directly quoting from another source, the relevant page number must be given. For shorter...

Other Essays Like Havard Referencing System

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European powers

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages killed and evaluated for organ or body system damage (“Types of”). Millions of animals every year are experimented on when there are recognized alternative techniques for generating the identical product. “It has been suggested that scientists are reluctant to employ or develop methods which could replace the use of animals in medical research”; however, this is a common misconception (J. L., Gowans). Many scientists would actually prefer to

Education And The Evolving Job Market

2363 words - 10 pages . With this system of instruction teachers are able to purposefully prepare and execute curriculum in a way that meets the diverse needs, wants, dreams, and abilities of all students in the classroom (Gregory and Chapman, 2007). Dewey (1929) would be elated to see that control in the classroom in this method is shifted; that teachers are not “[imposing] certain ideas” on children, but rather serve as influential guides on their journey of

Young And Relentless

1737 words - 7 pages There are numerous influences that can be responsible of teenager’s behaviors and attitude as they develop. One factor that is important to these behaviors is parental figures being over involved or uninvolved in their children’s lives. Many of these effects include illegal substance abuse, rising sexual activity, underage alcohol consumption, and tobacco use. Studies show parental participation plays a key role in the characteristics developed

The Natural Law Theory

1231 words - 5 pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. God’s presence is a guiding factor to obtaining a moral and virtuous life, which can only be obtained by following the natural law theory. God created a set of laws as a supreme guide for humans to live life, like any law these laws were created to ensure wellbeing for everyone. The laws he created are the civil law, the natural

Resolved: Presidential Signing Statements Threaten To Undermine The Rule Of Law And The Separation Of Powers

1811 words - 8 pages signing statements, such as the decision made in INS vs Chadha, but it was the Reagan administration that took action to create structure for presidential signing statements (Kelley, 2007) It was in 1986, during Reagan’s presidency, that “the Department of Justice developed a system for using the signing statement and a strategy for making them effective” (Kelley, 2007). Finally, signing statements gained mass public attention, and a connotation

Oppressive Systems Of Government In Egypt And Animal Farm

1529 words - 7 pages As in Egypt, Orwell demonstrates through his allegorical novel “Animal Farm” that leaders are able to establish and maintain power over a people, and in turn create an oppressive and corrupt government system. Orwell shows the significant difference in the education and levels of knowledge in the animals, and how the government takes advantage of this difference. The split between the levels of intelligence is portrayed in the first chapter

The Pathway To Psychosis

1415 words - 6 pages “How all occasions do inform against me” is a line from act IIII, scene IIII of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet. This line, spoken by Hamlet, expresses his emotional state as he is currently overwhelmed by the death of his father, the king of Denmark, and the situation surrounding it. After Hamlet learns of his father’s death he finds out that his mother has married Claudius, Hamlet’s uncle. On top of all of that, Hamlet soon after

Rated “M” For “More Censorship Not Needed”

1241 words - 5 pages necessary because the current rating system and current censors make it nearly impossible for kids to reach this content without the help of a parent. A lot of the people who complain about violence and other mature subject matter in video games are parents, but parents need to buy or at least be there when a game rated “mature” is purchased. When a game is labeled with an “M” the game has been noted as having mature content and cannot be

Four Components Of A Legally Astute Social Media Marketing Manager

1914 words - 8 pages With the advances in technology constantly changing companies have to find better ways to market their products to consumers. The explosion of Facebook has given companies a way to market products to consumers. Examine how a legally astute manager can use social media to his advantage. Review different forms of dispute resolution and determine which one works the best. What is the best course of action, the government can use to

Obama's Values

1217 words - 5 pages decides that what he needs is to persist through it and keep encouraging the people to value education because it’s very essential. Obama states that “the more [he] learned about the system, the more convinced [he] became that school reform was the only possible solution for the plight of the young men [he] saw in the street”(Obama 256). Over the years working as a community organizer he learned that “education was their last hope” for these young

Related Papers

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages system and current manager performance. If the corporation fails to response reasonably, it may lose its best managers. Internal monitoring of executives also plays important role. As described before, the opportunity reward for a manager is determined by performance of the management team that he plays for. However, outcome of the team depends not only on one particular member but the overall responsibility represented by many managers as well. In

The Versatility And Flexibility Of Oled's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society Essay

1637 words - 7 pages world. One might asked how this was possible. The system was based on barter trade in which goods are exchange for something else. My dad once told me how people from the neighboring town used to come to our town back in Edo State, Nigeria using a gallon of red oil, palm wine, cattle, and cow in exchange for a plot of land for farming. Furthermore, people from the city also exchange materials such as clothing, shoes etc in order to get a plot of