University of Phoenix
Health Care Vocabulary
December 27, 2012
After a fall or traumatic injury, there is a need for immediate care by and orthopedic physician. Conservative care, such as time, bracing, or casting or more immediate care like surgical intervention can be just what the physician has to do. Minor injuries or just regular wear and tear can cause pain and problems and over time can lead to other orthopedic issues such as improper body mechanics. Overuse of one side of the body can cause injury to the opposite side of the body because the patient does not treat the immediate issue of getting a knee evaluated for total joint ...view middle of the document...
That’s because these foods contain good amounts of nutrients that support that balance, including beta-carotene, fiber, magnesium (RDA, 420 mg), potassium (RDA, 3,500 mg), and vitamin D (RDA, 200 IU)”. ("Super Foods," 2010, para. 1) Super foods also supply vitamin B12, vitamin K, and omega fatty acids to promote a healthy diet and bone health. Super foods consist of milk, yogurt and cheese, sardines, leafy greens or collard greens, soy foods, salmon and tuna, nuts and seeds, and fortified foods such as orange juice and some cereals. Eating a consistent diet with these foods from a young age throughout life will help maintain a healthy weight and bone health.
Exercise is also a big factor in bone health. Weight-bearing exercise is best but if it cannot be achieved because of medical issues, there are other alternatives. Stretching provides necessary range of motion to joints to limit contracture of the tissues and muscles. Stretching keeps valuable blood flow to the muscles that support the skeletal system. Implementing a daily stretching routine can help with mobility and activities of daily living. It may also be the starting point of a low-impact exercise routine that can become weight bearing over time. Yoga, Pilates, or even a basic stretching routine from your physician can be the starting point. Starting an exercise program, even as simple as stretching, is the biggest obstacle to overcome.
Stretches are also important when recovering from an injury. After immobilization the muscles will become atrophied and need starting up again to continue the healing process. To start stretches after having a cast removed from a broken ankle, patients can be given alphabet stretches as a beginning point. This consists of writing the upper and lower cases of the alphabet with their toes either in the carpet or in the air. These motions help wake up the muscles, ligaments, and tendons after immobilization in a solid position, which can last six to eight weeks, sometimes longer.
Seeking out orthopedic care sooner than you may think can also promote healthy bones. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, “Posttraumatic arthritis (PTA) can develop after acute joint injury, a meniscal or ligament tear, or an intra-articular fracture, even with optimal treatment”. (Louden, 2009, para. 1) If you suffer what...