Firstly, the employers are very much responsible for you, the employees, safety. Because of this, an employer has the responsibility to go to a site and check the area for any potential risks, and then form a risk assessment to prevent any accidents which may be caused because of that risk. On top of that, they will be expected you provide you training on how to prevent or deal with any risks which may be presented to you whilst you are on site, along with providing you information of the risks if there are any. Also, they should discuss with you any health concerns which may be in your site and how to find a suitable solution to fix it.
An employer can also appoint ...view middle of the document...
The Principal Designer is another critical participant, there will be one in every project. They are appointed by a client as they think the person or organisation is competent, and they are there to control and supervise in the pre-construction phase if there is more than one contractor. They are essentially in charge of setting up precautions for Health and Safety and how it will be managed during the project. So they are tasked with gathering as much information as possible with the site (The client should provide a large amount of this.), and then this person must work with other designers to find any risks and remove them, or at least keep them controlled as to not cause any accidents. He will also be there to make sure that all participants in the pre-construction phase are all communicating regularly with each other so that they are all working towards the same goal.
The Principal Contractor however is there to control and supervise in the actual construction phase, they are also appointed by the client if they are deemed to be competent. They are there to manage and control all of the health and safety risks on site to avoid any accidents. They must constantly be in contact with the other employees to ensure all health and safety procedures which were implemented have been met, they will also create a Construction Phase Plan which will be regularly reviewed so then everything will know what is required of them. They will also be there to provide inductions to new participants in the construction site, to inform them of any health risks, and the procedures to avoid them.
Both the Principal Contractor and Designer are required to be in constant contact with each other, to share any information regarding the project so then each one can put their own input as to what to do in certain area’s of the project.
The first and most vital act to follow is the Health and Safety at Work act of 1974, this is essentially the act which caused all of the other acts to be formed. This essentially revolves around the occupational health and safety of a worker. This is enforced by the HSE, who will observe companies to see if they are following all of the acts.
The main point in the act that will affect yourself is obviously the responsibility of the employer towards yourself. There are many points regarding this, from the website (http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1974/37/section/2 ). Here is a list of them:
“(1)It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all his employees.
(2)Without prejudice to the generality of an employer’s duty under the preceding subsection, the matters to which that duty extends include in particular—
(a)the provision and maintenance of plant and systems of work that are, so far as is reasonably practicable, safe and without risks to health;
(b)arrangements for ensuring, so far as is reasonably practicable, safety and...