Health Promotion Review of Literature
Optimum health is an important resource for personal, social and economic development.
The goal of achieving optimum health for all is only imaginable by the joint effort of not only the health sector but also government and non-governmental organizations, media and for the most part individuals and the community. Health promotion emphases on accomplishing parity in health and its deed targets at dropping variances in present-day health status and safeguarding equal opportunities and resources to empower all individuals to attain their fullest wellbeing. The focus of health promotion has flourished from disease prevention to ...view middle of the document...
By meeting these standards nurses will be able to prepare their clients to the ways to achieve optimum health and be responsible for themselves and their community.
Nurse’s role has and will keep on changing and with the introduction of the new Affordable Care Act (ACA) this demand for change has drastically increased. Nurses have a chief obligation in the delivery of health promotion, preventive, health screening educational programs and services. They support the patients to learn and also how to adjust to self-care strategies . They are accountable in having essential knowledge and skills regarding health promotion, risk reduction and disease prevention.
Nursing practice involves many different areas and health promotion can be implemented in all those areas whether it is in a hospital, community, mental health, school health and home health. In hospital nurses promote health with health education beginning during admission continuing through hospital stay and all the way to discharge. In community nurses are responsible in educating and promoting healthy life styles and educating about resources available to promote health and prevent disease. In mental health setup educating patients and families about preventing managing psychiatric emergencies and providing information about available resources and monitoring progress of treatment and follow up. In home health setup the nurse ensures that the patients and families are educated about meeting health care needs at home thereby reducing the need for hospital stays and the cost associated with that. In school health the nurses are involved in health education about safe sex, needs for vaccinations and health and nutrition screening.
Health promotion and prevention involves three levels which includes primary, secondary and tertiary levels. Primary level of prevention includes raising individuals and community awareness about illness, its prevention and refining the quality of life. It benefits in early detection of risk factors to prevent occurrence of injuries related to them. An example would be in terms of initial years and primary school aged children, the school nurse can achieve this function through confirming that children and their families have the awareness, skills and ability to make hale and hearty choices, to understand their health and threats to it, and to understand how to cope or evade those threats. This may be achieved through a combination of face-to-face activity (such as lessons), communications via emails, and school websites or newsletters and activities with both individuals and groups of children and/or families (Croghan, E. 2011). Secondary level focuses on prevention of reoccurrence, detection and diagnosis of disease at an early stage to minimize effect and to stop its progression. For example individuals facing Transient Ischemic Attack or a first Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) are at substantial danger of subsequent CVA. Risk factors...