Health Promotion In Hiv African American Women

1912 words - 8 pages

HIV Prevention in African American Women

Introduction

From its origin, HIV/AIDS has been defined as a sexually transmitted disease associated primarily with white homosexual men. In fact, African Americans are the racial/ethnic groups that are mostly influenced by HIV/AIDs. According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, by the end of 2008, an estimated 240,627 blacks with and AIDs diagnosis has died in the United States (CDC, 2012). Contrary to the evident statistics affecting the African American population as a whole, there remains a small amount of research studies, dedicated towards HIV/AIDs healthcare promotion and prevention strategies specifically designed for the ...view middle of the document...

Exploring the definition of individual healthcare beliefs is important to acknowledge in order encouraging effective healthcare behaviors in the prevention of HIV/AIDs. The Health Belief Model assists in the understanding of patient motivation in the adaptation of behaviors that do not place the clients at risk. Although there are various variables to address, the emotional, cultural and social meanings attached to sexual behavior are one of the firsthand factors in the higher prevalence and increasing incidence rates of HIV, AIDs, and other STDs among African American women (Foreman, 2003). The patient education process is propagated through firsthand understanding of the reasoning and thought processes concerned with the risk behavior. This way, the clients will be able to understand how personal preferences can directly lead to increased risks of acquiring HIV/AIDs. Utilizing the Health Belief Model, the main focus is to target African American females sexually active to investigate their healthcare beliefs and actions concerning the usage of protective sexual barriers.

Objectives
* After reading an informational pamphlet on HIV/AIDs, the students will list effective sexual contraceptive barriers
* After watching a video on the risk behaviors specific to African American women, the students will identify risk behaviors pertinent to culture and ethnicity.
* After watching a video pertaining to African American women as a risk population for HIV/AIDs, the students will express their opinion on African American women as an at-risk group in relation to HIV/AIDs.
* After reading a profile of an African American female who had a new case of HIV/AIDs, the women will state how their own attitudes can lead to risk behaviors associated with HIV/AIDs.
Risk Behaviors
Firstly, it is most important to evaluate the factors involved in the acquisition of HIV/AIDs. Among the common social variables, such as deficient knowledge, barriers in the access of information, there is one main criteria, which has a direct link with the HIV/AIDs risk behaviors. Low rates of condom use indicate that heterosexual African American women may not perceive themselves as at risk for acquiring HIV/AIDs (McNair, Prather, 2004). Various variables attribute to inadequate condom use in sexual practices concerning African women. This may include inconvenience, fear of reprisal, a negative perception of condom usage, and the generated belief that it does not constitute as a risk behavior. Moreover, the real concern is not deficient knowledge in relation to sexual contraceptives. It pertains to a refusal to acknowledge the risks of not using an effective contraceptive barrier. Furthermore, the sex-ratio imbalance in the African American community heightens the difficulty in negotiating condom usage with male sexual partners (McNair, Prather, 2004). According to Cornelius, Okundaye, and Manning (2000), only one third of African American women aged 14-44 years reported...

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