UNDERSTAND HEALTH AND SAFETY IN SOCIAL CARE SETTING
1.1 LIST LEGISLATIONS RELATING TO GENERAL HEALTH AND SAFETY IN A SOCIAL CARE SETTING
• Health and Safety at work Act 1974
• Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulation 1999
• Health and Safety (first aid) Regulation) 1981 include amendment on 2009
• The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989
• Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
• Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995
• Communicable Diseases and Infection Control
• Working Time Regulations 1998
• Care Standard Act 2000
• Control of Exposure Hazardous to Health 1999
• Food Safety Act 1990 and food ...view middle of the document...
4 IDENTIFY TASKS RELATING TO HEALTH AND SAFETY THAT SHOULD ONLY BE CARRIED OUT WITH SPECIAL TRAINING
• First aid
• Emergency procedures
• Medication, including administration of medicines by any other than by mouth or external application
• Moving and Handling using mechanical devices i.e. slings and hoists.
• Handling, storing and disposal of chemical substances.
1.5 DESCRIBE AND EXPLAIN HOW TO ACCESS ADDITIONAL SUPPORT AND INFORMATION RELATING TO HEALTH AND SAFETY.
Additional support and information can be obtained from managers, co-worker, internet, books, leaflets, outside agencies and people who specialise in certain areas i.e. local fire station/marshal.
2.1 DEFINE WHAT IS MEANT BY ‘HAZARD’ AND ‘RISK’
HAZARD – A potential source of harm or adverse health effect on a person/s
RISK – The likelihood that a person may be harmed or suffers adverse health effects if exposed to a hazard.
2.1 EXPLAIN WHY IT IS IMPORTANT TO ASSESS HEALTH AND SAFETY HAZARDS POSED BY THE WORK SETTING OR PARTICULAR ACTIVITIES
It is important to assess health and safety hazards posed by the work setting or by particular activities as it helps to identify, minimize and protect the health and safety of all people involved.
2.2 DESCRIBE HOW TO USE A HEALTH AND SAFETY RISK ASSESSMENT
• Identify hazards – systematic checks for possible physical, mental, chemical and biological hazards
• Decide who may be harmed and how – consideration and reviews of work routines in all different locations, situations and people who may access those i.e. agency workers, the public, contractors etc.
• Assess the risk and take action – Measure how likely it is that each hazard could cause harm and the level of risk even after precautions have been taken i.e. high, medium or low risk
• Make a record of the findings – This acts of proof that risk assessment has been carried out and would be used for working practises
• Review the risk assessment – This ensures that agreed safe working practises continue to be applied and any changes are accounted for
2.3 EXPLAIN HOW AND WHEN TO REPORT POTENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKD THAT HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED.
It is extremely important to report any potential health and safety risks to management/senior staff immediately. If for example a potential risk could cause immediate harm to my service user I would need make the individual aware of this first and then report to management. Keeping records of findings should also be done in maintenance and communication book.
2.4 DESCRIBE DIFFERENT TYPES OF ACCIDENTS AND SUDDEN ILLNESSES THAT MAY OCCUR IN A SOCIAL CARE SETTING.
Occurrences of accidents and illnesses with or without a risk assessment are inevitable in any setting. In a social care setting some these could include slips, trips, falls, burns, scolds, accidental swallowing of hazardous substances, cardiac arrest, asthma, panic attacks, seizures, strokes, epileptic fits, loss of consciousness, hypoglycaemia, allergic...