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Hinduism & Buddhism Essay

448 words - 2 pages

Hinduism and Buddhism are two very unique religions. Buddhism is a monotheistic religion which was founded by a man named Siddhartha Guatama, also known as the Buddha, where as Hinduism has no true founder. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion that originated with the Aryans and eventually spread throughout India. These two religions were both founded in India and have several similarities and differences. Both have a spiritual goal but differ in their ways of achieving it.Hindu people strive to achieve Moshka, or union with Brahman. This can be reached by following the caste system. In ...view middle of the document...

In both religions if one is unable to reach their spiritual goal they will be reincarnated. Reincarnation is the rebirth of a soul in a new body. In Hinduism reincarnation depends on karma and your placement in the caste system. If you have bad karma, you are reincarnated into a lower caste but if you have good karma, you are reincarnated into a higher caste until you reach the highest caste as a male and Moshka is reached. Buddhism does not follow the caste system. Buddhists believe that one can be incarnated as anybody in the whole world. As long as one follows the Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Path in that lifetime Nirvana can be achieved.Life is extremely sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. Cows are considered to be especially sacred. In India, cows can be found roaming around basically everywhere. Because of their great respect for animals, most people that follow Hinduism are vegetarians where as Buddhists can chose to eat whatever they would like to. Buddhists also believe in equal rights for women, unlike the Hindu people. According to Buddhism everybody is spiritually equal.Buddhism and Hinduism still exist in the world today. Most of India is made up of Hindus and it is currently the world's third largest religion. Buddhists are commonly found in Thailand and Cambodia but are rarer than they used to be. About 1% of Americans practice Buddhism.

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