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Hindusiasam Essay

5620 words - 23 pages

[pic] |[pic] |Looking at the grinding stones,
Kabir laments
In the duel of wheels,
nothing stays intact. | |
| |[pic] |baagon naa jaa re|
| | |naa jaa |
| | |Do not go to the |
| | |garden of |
| | ...view middle of the document...

|
|  |
|Saint Kabir Das (kabir, Arabic for "great", dasa, Sanskrit for "slave" or "servant"), is widely acknowledged as one of the |
|great personality of the Bhakti movement in North India. He was, as is widely acknowledged, born in Year 1398 A.D.(71 years |
|before Guru Nanak). Kabirpanthis (followers of Kabir) say that he lived upto the age of 120 years and give date of his death |
|as 1518, but relying on the research of Hazari Prasad Trivedi, a British Scholar Charlotte Vaudenville is inclined to lend |
|credence to these dates and has proven that 1448 is probably the correct date of Saint Kabir's demise. |
|He is one of the medieval Indian saints of Bhakti and Sufi movement whose compositions figure in Sikh Scripture, the Guru |
|Granth Sahib. From among all of them, Kabir's contribution is the largest, 227 Padas in 17 ragas and 237 slokas. Under each |
|raga or musical mode marking a section of the Holy Book, Kabir's hymns appear at the head of Bhagat Bani, a generic name for |
|the works of contributors other than the Gurus. The presence of a substantial amount of Kabir's verse in the Sikh Scripture |
|and chronologically he being the predecessor of Guru Nanak, founder of the Sikh faith, led some Western scholars to describe |
|him as the forerunner of Sikhism. Some have even called him the preceptor of Guru Nanak There is, however, ample evidence to |
|prove that Guru Nanak and Kabir had ever met their periods of time in fact do not coincide. |
|  |
|Kabir lived in the fifteenth century after Christ, which was a time of great political upheaval in India. As is true of many |
|contemporary religious teachers, very little reliable information concerning Kabir's life is available, though there is no |
|dearth of legend gathering around him. Kabir's life was centred around Kashi, also called Banaras (Varanasi). |
|Legend has it that he was actually the son of a Brahmin widow who abandoned him and that he was found by a Muslim weaver named|
|Niru, who adopted the boy and taught him the weaver's trade. |
|It is not clear whether he ever married, but tradition gives him a wife named Loi and two children. His caste was that of |
|Julaha and from his sayings his caste's hereditary occupation of weaving. On the basis of modern research, it seems probable |
|that Kabir belonged to a family of non-celibate yogis converted, not long before and to a considerable degree superficially to|
|Islam. From the writings of Kabir it seems that his knowledge of Islam was slight, rather in his poetical utterances (Bani) a |
...

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