This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Historical Development Of Nursing Essay

1423 words - 6 pages


Historical Development of Nursing
Valerie Spalding
Theoretical Foundations of Practice NUR 513
May 31, 2014
Dr. Noura Kassis

Historical Development of Nursing
The development of nursing has made giant leaps throughout the last century. Starting with Florence Nightingale, the history of nursing will be discussed. A few significant events, theories and theorists will be depicted. In addition, the relationship between nursing science and the profession will be described. Moreover, the influences on nursing science of other disciplines will be mentioned. ...view middle of the document...

The National League for Nursing (NLN) was the first nursing organization in the United States, dedicated to excellence in nursing education and founded in 1893 ( In 1901, the
United States Army Nurse Corps ( was established, followed by the United States Navy Corps ( in 1908 and the American Red Cross Nursing Service ( in 1909. In 1911, the American Nurses Association was created to establish a code for professional nursing ( The necessity for well defined and educated nurses was apparent.
Jumping to the 1950’s, advanced nursing education was commencing. In this decade, Columbia University Teacher’s College (CUTC) developed a graduate education program to prepare nurses for administrative and faculty positions whereby the graduates cited the first theoretical conceptualizations of nursing science (George, 2011). This was influential in the history of nursing not only as a science but also as a profession. A renowned graduate of CUTC was Hildegard Peplau. In 1952, Peplau developed the nursing theory of interpersonal relation (Senn, 2013). Peplau’s theory suggests that a therapeutic relationship between the nurse and the patient, and understanding human behaviors can produce desirable goals that benefit the patient (Senn, 2013).
Based on Peplau’s theory, the 1960’s nursing theorists shifted their focus from a problem, needs, and functional role to focusing on the relationship between the nurse and the patient (George, 2011). Building a relationship between the nurse and the patient is significant towards the recovery of the patient. It establishes a rapport with the patient so that there is less stress and better communication, resulting in a smoother patient recovery.

During the 1970’s, several nursing theories were presented whereby the NLN required nursing schools to implement a conceptual framework for the curricula as an accreditation standard (George, 2011). Dorothea Orem published the model of self care in 1971. Comprised of theory of self care, self care deficit, and nursing system; nursing care becomes necessary when the patient is unable to fulfill biological, psychological, developmental or social needs (George, 2011). This was the conceptual model used at the nursing school I attended.
Another theorist that I admire from the 1970’s is Betty Neuman. From the principles of her psychological background, Neuman’s theory states that interaction with internal and external environment embracing the whole client system can affect an individual (Neuman & Fawcett, 2011). Simply stated, reduce stress.
The 1980’s provided expansion and revision to many nursing theories based on research findings (George, 2011). Further research and broadening of nursing theories continued into...

Other Essays Like Historical Development Of Nursing

Dorothea Orem Essay

656 words - 3 pages Historical Perspective Essay: Dorothea Orem Historical Perspective Essay: Dorothea Orem Introduction The foundation for the nursing profession that provides principles to generate knowledge defines nursing theory. Successful nurses must be rooted in theory and understand the philosophy that drives their actions. Dorothea Orem is a nurse with a vision that studied human behavior, with the core concept of self-care

Historical Development Essay

1088 words - 5 pages Introduction When one thinks about the historical developments in nursing research and research utilization, the statement is indeed true… that nursing has evolutionalized. This brief journey into historical research has been described by LoBiondo – Wood and Haber (1998) as ‘the systematic compilation of data, resulting from evaluation and interpretation of facts regarding people, events and occurrences of the past’ History is where we come

Educational Preparation

571 words - 3 pages more in-depth treatment of the physical and social sciences, nursing research, public and community health, nursing management, and the humanities. The additional course work enhances the student’s professional development, prepares the new nurse for a broader scope of practice, and provides the nurse with a better understanding of the cultural, political, economic, and social issues that affect patients and influence health care delivery

Wgu Professional Role and Value

1230 words - 5 pages . The Professional Nursing Organization on the other hand helps nurses to advance in their career by providing nursing memberships to associations where nurses can utilize updated evidence based nursing practices articles and journals as resources. The Professional Nursing Organization also advocates the code of ethical and principles of nursing by contributing to the development of policies and best nursing practices (Nursing World webpage). The

Nursing Theory: Compare/Contrast Two Theories

2316 words - 10 pages theories: theory of self-care, theory of nursing systems, and theory of self-care-deficit. Watson's theory does not utilize other theories, but draws important ideas from ethical, ontological, historical, and philosophical inquiry studies. In Watson's theory the model is action-oriented (driven) (Alligood & Tomey, 2002). She asserts that caring can both be demonstrated and practiced. The action path is, however, guided by carative factors such as

Rn;; Ddddddddd

2923 words - 12 pages historical context. Associate degree nursing programs were “born” at a time when nursing was facing many of the same challenges that it is today. After World War II, many nurses who were in military or civilian practice were leaving nursing, therefore creating a nursing shortage. Fewer students were choosing nursing, and those that did were leaving nursing after only a few years of practice. Advances in medical science, improved medical facilities

Nurse Practice Act

735 words - 3 pages , receiving, signing for, and distribution of prescription drug samples to patients at sites in which a registered nurse is authorized to sign prescription drug orders as provided by Subchapter B, Chapter 157; (G) the performance of an act delegated by a physician; and (H) the development of the nursing care plan (Sec 301.002).In line with their duties as specified in the NPA, nurses are expected to perform their task professionally and

Professional Roles

3570 words - 15 pages our community this will in turn result in healthier lives and decreases in health disparities of residents in our community. This directly relates to the way Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory correlated a cleaner environment with healthier outcomes. E. Contributions Florence Nightingale, known as the pioneer of nursing and a reformer of hospital sanitation programs is one well known historical nursing figure (Riddle, 2014). She has

The Future of Nursing

967 words - 4 pages Nurse Practice Act (NPA), which every state has and is established by a Board of Nursing (BON). These “rules” that tell nurse what we can and cannot do. The IOM report of 2010 is a comprehensive study that was done and is pretty unbiased. The committee that performed the study believes that all health care professionals should be allowed to practice at their level of training and education but because of historical, regulatory and political barriers

Requirements For Entry-Level Nursing

1118 words - 5 pages . (2008). Should the entry into nursing practice be the baccalaureate degree?. Aorn Journal, 87(3), 611-620. Blaney, D. R. (1986). An historical review of positions in baccalaureate education in nursing as basic preparation for professional nursing practice 1960-1984. Journal of Nursing Education, 25(5), 182-185. Jacobs, L. A., & Bishop, T. (1998). The baccalaureate degree in nursing as an entry requirement for professional nursing practice

Public Health

408 words - 2 pages reasonable cost through the development and organization of a nursing service for the community which comprised of physicians and nursing staff (Maurer & Smith, 2005). She also devoted her time to the formation of committees that she envisioned would help to alleviate the obstacles faced in caring for those in rural areas and was a very instrumental individual in collaborating with authorities from organizations such as Rockefeller Foundation and

Related Papers

Professional Development Of Nursing Essay

897 words - 4 pages Professional Development of Nursing Professionals Grand Canyon University NRS 430V: Professional Dynamics February 1, 2015 PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING PROFESSIONALS In 1970, The Institute of Medicine (IOM) was formed to assistance the government and non-government agencies in making decisions regarding healthcare, using reliable evidence. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation sponsored the IOM 2010 report, which is viewed as one of the

Professional Development Of Nursing Professionals Essay

941 words - 4 pages Professional Development of Nursing Professionals Health care is advancing and changing every single day, every hour, and every minute. Nurses are caring for more critical patients, which require expert knowledge and skill. In order to deliver safe quality care change is needed. According to the IOM, nurses must be prepared to meet the diverse patients’ needs by practicing to the full range of their education, function as leaders, and

Professional Development Of Nursing Professionals Essay

1364 words - 6 pages Professional Development of Nursing Professionals Robert Smith Grande Canyon University September 14, 2013 Professional Development of Nursing Professionals In 2010, comprehensive health care legislation was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Obama. These laws were the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act, collectively known as the Affordable Care

Professional Development Of The Nursing Professional

871 words - 4 pages Running head: PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE NURSING Professional Development of the Nursing Professionals Grand Canyon University NRS 430V Professional Development of the Nursing Professionals In 2010 the Affordable Care ACT was signed into law. With these laws, the United States is being provided an opportunity to completely redesign its health care system. The model includes heath care that is easier to access, affordable by