* Mummification is the process of embalming, drying bodies and placing them in coffins to preserve bodies, which are called mummies.
* First the dead are taken to an ibu' also known as the 'place of purification‘where they will be embalmed.
* Then an embalmer washes his body palm wine, that smells nice, and rinse them with water taken from the Nile.
* Another one of embalmer’s men creates a cut in the left side of the body.
* They then remove the liver, lungs, stomach and intestines.
* It is essential to take these out since they start to decompose first out of the whole body.
* Next, the internal organs are dried using a salt called ‘natron’.
* They also pull out the brain by using a hook. After that, the hook is inserted through the nose and the brain is mushed and then taken out.
* The body is stuffed with natron as well as covered in natrons.
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* Duamutef the jackal-headed god - the stomach
* Qebehsenuef the falcon-headed god - the intestines.
* First of the head and neck are wrapped with fine linen.
* Then the fingers and the toes are wrapped individually.
* The arms and legs are then wrapped.
* Between the layers of wrapping, the embalmers place amulets to protect the body in its journey through the underworld.
* A scroll with spells from the Book of the Dead is placed between the wrapped hands.
* More linen is wrapped around the body.
* At every layer of linen, the bandages are painted with liquid resin that helps to stick the bandages together.
* A cloth is wrapped around the body and a picture of the god Osiris is painted on its surface.
* Finally, a large cloth is wrapped around the entire mummy.
* That is how you mummify those who have passed away.
* They mummify animals to:
* Allow beloved pets to go on to the afterlife, to provide food in the afterlife.
* To act as offerings to a particular god.
* The Egyptians also believed that gods and goddesses could be seen in the form of animals.
* Cats were known to represent the goddess of Goddess of cats, protection, joy, dance, music, and love.
* Baboons represented the God of Knowledge, Hieroglyphs and Wisdom.
* There were many items found in the tombs of those that had passed away as they were items that they believe they needed in the afterlife.
* Slaves were also thought to be needed in the afterlife, so dolls represented the slaves.
* Many items were put in tombs such as toys, food and many other items.
* The internal organs were taken from the body as they were believed to be needed in the afterlife.
* They were also the first part of the body to dry.