This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History And Figures Of Psychology Essay

907 words - 4 pages

History and Figures of Psychology

Amanda Morris

University of Phoenix

History and Figures of Psychology

Psychology did not become a separate discipline until the late 1800s, however, its roots can be traced back hundreds of years. Greek philosophers like Socrates and Plato and French philosopher Rene Descartes established the basis of reflection that great thinkers have used for centuries to grow and foster their own ideas (Cherry, n.d).
Socrates’ most important contribution to the discipline to Western thought was his dialectic inquiry method, known now as the Socratic Method. He applied this method of searching for answers to examining broad moral concepts ...view middle of the document...

Ultimately, physiological studies contributed to having scientific methodologies applied to the study of the human brain, thoughts, and behaviors (Cherry, n.d).
During the mid-1800s, German physiologist Wilhelm Wundt was investigating reaction times and published his findings in 1874 in his book Principles of Physiological Psychology. In it, he discussed many connections between his physiological findings and the study of human thoughts and behaviors. Later, in 1879 at the University of Leipzig, he founded the world’s first psychology lab. This lab is generally considered the official starting point of psychology as an independent scientific discipline (Bantwal, 2011).
Edward B. Titchener, one of Wundt’s most famous students went on to found the first major school of thought in psychology, structuralism. According to this theory, human consciousness was broken down into much smaller parts. This theory was based on introspection and using this process, trained individuals would break down their responses and reactions to the very core of sensation and perception. Even though structuralism heavily emphasized scientific research, it was considered unreliable and very subjective. Structuralism basically ceased when Titchner died in 1927 (Bantwal, 2011).
In the mid- to late-1800s, psychology really thrived in America. William James became a major cornerstone for American psychology during this period. He published a classic textbook called The Principles of Psychology and essentially established himself as the father of American psychology. His book became the standard text used in psychology and functioned as the basis for functionalism, a new school of thought (Cherry, n.d).
Functionalism focused on how behavior works to assist individuals within their environment. While both structuralism and functionalism both emphasize the human consciousness, their notions about it differed greatly. While structuralists broke down the mental processes into...

Other Essays Like History and Figures of Psychology

Brief History of Psychology Essay

1823 words - 8 pages Brief History of Psychology The objective of this essay is to give an overview of the history of psychology. Within this essay I shall be studying the main themes of Psychology including; Psychoanalysis, Gestalt, functionalism, behaviourism, structuralism and humanistic psychology. I shall be looking at specific psychologists in relation to their respected fields within psychology. In regards to psychoanalysis, I will be studying the works

History and Approaches Paper in Psychology

1833 words - 8 pages behavior and motor theorydevelopment. She was the first woman to be granted a PhD in psychology (1894), and the second woman, after Mary Whiton Calkins, to serve as an APA President (1921). Wilhelm Wundt- was a German physician, psychologist, physiologist, philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figures of modern psychology. Wundt, who noted psychology as a science apart from biology and philosophy, was the first person

What events and figures have shaped the development of Islam in the United States?

348 words - 2 pages Islam has the second largest following in the world. It is the principal religion that extends from Morocco on the Atlantic through Africa and into sub-Saharan Africa, across the expanse of central and South-West Asia to deep into the Indies and Tibet. However, while the history of Islam is very long. compared to that of its presence in the United States., it is short. Though the image of what it held back in the day has been changed, it is

Critically Discuss Some of the Main Features of Mainstream Social Psychology and Critical Approaches to Social Psychology

1192 words - 5 pages Critically discuss some of the main features of mainstream social psychology and critical approaches to social psychology. The most widely recognised definition of social psychology is an effort “to understand and explain how the thought, feeling, and behaviour of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others” (Allport). One of the first modern social psychology was an experiment conducted by Norman

The History Of Freud And Psychoanalysis

2988 words - 12 pages patients.Philippe Pinel is also an extremely important precursor in the history of psychoanalysis. Pinel changed the way mentally ill patients were look upon and treated. Philippe Pinel was born on April 20, 1745, in Saint Andre, France. His father was a surgeon and his mother was from a long line of physicians. He received his MD from a university in Toulouse in 1773. In 1774, Pinel moved to Montpellier where he educated wealthy students in

History of Guidance and Counselling in Nigeria


The History And Importance Of Personal Hygiene

599 words - 3 pages hormonal balances. The ear canals are an example of a self cleaning part of your body. So they have a perfectly functioning cleaning system of their own, and don't normally need assistance. Actually, attempts to clean the ear canals may only do the opposite, since earwax, carrying debris and other material towards the opening of the ear, is pushed back in. The history of personal hygiene goes back centuries even millenniums. Some cultures performed

History And Influence Of Rock The Vote

1229 words - 5 pages groups and subgroups. In 2004, Rock the Vote worked with CNN to produce "America Rocks the Vote," which was a Democratic presidential candidate forum hosted by Faneuil Hall in Boston. This forum was targeted toward young people, and functioned to get them more involved in the democratic process besides voting. (History of Rock the Vote) They furthered this effort in 2005, when they launched “I Y Social Security”, a campaign to teach people about the

The History of Tattoo and Piercing

1621 words - 7 pages Tattoos and Piercings By: Michael Dunn Com 150 Introduction Some people may not know the history behind Tattoos and Piercings, so I am here to feel you in on everything. There are so many reasons behind why individuals get them and I think after you read this you might be amazed at how much you can learn. Thesis Statement Some people may believe that Tattoos and Piercings are a waste of their money and time, but it is simply

History Of Prague: Travel And Tourism Guide Of Prague

1570 words - 7 pages History of Prague Although historians aren't certain exactly when Prague was founded, the city as we know it today is speculated to have begun in the 8th century AD, founded by the Czech dutchess Libusa and her husband, Premysl. By 800 AD, construction of a main fort around Prague had been completed, and by 885, the first stones of Prague castle were laid down. This area later became the seat of Czech government, hosting dukes and kings alike

Symbolism and History in Robert Hayden's Angle of Ascent

5972 words - 24 pages Name: Professor: Course: Date: Symbolism and History in Robert Hayden's Angle of Ascent Abstract No analysis of Hayden poems can fail to recognize the place that symbolism and history occupies in his poems. In reading the Hayden’s work, an audience quickly deciphers pervasive sense of the past in his work in addition to a powerful nostalgic strain in his poems. To this end, this study explores the symbolism and historical elements in the

Related Papers

History Of Psychology Essay

902 words - 4 pages Modern Psychology reflects the discipline’s diverse history; the formation of psychology differs dramatically from modern-day conceptions of the field of study. To acquire a complete grasp of psychology, it is important to spend more time exploring the history and origins of this particular study in science. In this particular paper, the main concepts that is being explored is philosophers that historically relate to the beginnings of psychology

History Of Psychology Essay

1518 words - 7 pages psy 101 The History of Psychology The History of Psychology                                                                                    In order to discuss Psychology's history, it is important to   understand that psychology still does not have one unifying approach   unlike the natural sciences; even the definition of Psychology and   what it truly means is still undecided. However I shall attempt to   review chronologically its

History Of Psychology Essay

823 words - 4 pages History of Psychology By Kris Patch PSY/310 May 17, 2010 Instructor, Patricia M. LaFountaine History of Psychology The work of the great Confucian philosopher Mencius is regarded as second only to that of Confucius himself. Mencius, like Confucius, was very saddened by the quality of life during his time. Mencius spoke of the deaf and the blind often and the terrible events that had happened to them. According to Mencius “the

History Of Psychology Essay 631 Words

631 words - 3 pages History of Psychology What does the years 1632 and 1798 have to do with the history of psychology? These were the years that John Locke and Auguste Comte were born. This paper will take you on a journey through the lives and theories that these two great men have contributed to the world of psychology. First, we will look at John Locke, famous philosopher and discuss his beliefs and disbeliefs. Second, we will adventure into the world of the