Could USSR implement Marshal Plan instead of USA
after 2-nd World War?
As an introduction to my thesis at first I want to give brief information about the aim of Marshall Plan that was introduced by USA after 2-nd World War. The aim was to reconstruct destroyed Europe during the 2-nd World War and create strong economic units in Western Europe. But there are also invisible aims that USA considered them necessary according to it’s interests. These were the threat of Communism that had already spread all around Eastern Europe. Communism threat actually was very good pretext for USA in order to interfere to Europe and establish their economic well-being due to it’s ...view middle of the document...
These factors could not let USSR to be repaired immediately after war. USSR was agricultural state and industrialization was developing very slowly and USSR was carrying load of war on his shoulders. That is all, most destructive wars had taken place in it’s own territory. All these factors could not let USSR to help or implement “plan” for rebuilt of Europe. Economic capacity of USSR only let him to recover him self. USA had economic capacity to promote Marshall Plan for Europe. USA’s high level industrialization, to stay apart from battle-field due to it’s geographic position, and involving into the 2-nd World War later than other states helped to him stay more powerful than USSR after the war.
My second argument is related with social obstacles that USSR faced with after 2-nd World War. As we know Communism was leading in USSR before and after the war. The main idea of Communism was to create-“classless and stateless society”. It was against European nation-statehood and none of the European political leaders was accepting this idea of Communism.
European states had common past history, common values and common customary norms that would never let USSR to become familiar with them. Because all efforts of Russia since 17-th till the 19-th century to become closer with Europe let to the wars. For example Russo-Polish War in 1667, Russo-Swedish War in 1721, Russo-Turkish War in 1870 these 3 major wars proves that Russia always had ambitions to become superpower in whole continent. Europe had known USSR’s ambitions through their past background. Thus, Europe didn’t trust to USSR even if USSR had economic potential to realize “plan”. Russians always thought that Europe had to harmonize with Russia but not vice versa. So distrust of Europe to USSR was in high level even after 2-nd World War. For that time the main source of this distrust I think appeared after secret negotiation between Nazi Germany and USSR in 1939 on 24 August: “Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact”.
USA after 2-nd World War introduced some innovations to Europe such as democracy, market economy, human rights these features of...