History Of Cote D Ivoire Essay

2350 words - 10 pages

The first human presence in Ivory Coast has been difficult to determine because human remains have not been well preserved in the country's humid climate. However, the presence of newly found weapon and tool fragments (specifically, polished axes cut through shale and remnants of cooking and fishing) has been interpreted as a possible indication of a large human presence during the Upper Paleolithic period (15,000 to 10,000 BC) or at the minimum, the Neolithic period.
The earliest known inhabitants of Ivory Coast have left traces scattered throughout the territory. Historians believe that they were all either displaced or absorbed by the ancestors of the present indigenous inhabitants, who ...view middle of the document...

The Ghana empire, the earliest of the Sudanic empires, flourished in present-day eastern Mauritania from the fourth to the thirteenth century. At the peak of its power in the eleventh century, its realms extended from the Atlantic Ocean to Timbuctu. After the decline of Ghana, the Mali Empire grew into a powerful Muslim state, which reached its apogee in the early part of the fourteenth century. The territory of the Mali Empire in Ivory Coast was limited to the north-west corner around Odienné.
Its slow decline starting at the end of the fourteenth century followed internal discord and revolts by vassal states, one of which, Songhai, flourished as an empire between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. Songhai was also weakened by internal discord, which led to factional warfare. This discord spurred most of the migrations of peoples southward toward the forest belt. The dense rain forest, covering the southern half of the country, created barriers to the large-scale political organizations that had arisen in the north. Inhabitants lived in villages or clusters of villages; their contacts with the outside world were filtered through long-distance traders. Villagers subsisted on agriculture and hunting.
Pre-European era

Pre-Colonial kingdoms.
Five important states flourished in Ivory Coast in the pre-European era. The Muslim Kong Empire was established by the Juula in the early eighteenth century in the north-central region inhabited by the Sénoufo, who had fled Islamization under the Mali Empire. Although Kong became a prosperous center of agriculture, trade, and crafts, ethnic diversity and religious discord gradually weakened the kingdom. The city of Kong was destroyed in 1895 by Samori Ture.
The Abron kingdom of Gyaaman was established in the seventeenth century by an Akan group, the Abron, who had fled the developing Ashanti confederation of Asanteman in what is present-day Ghana. From their settlement south of Bondoukou, the Abron gradually extended their hegemony over the Dyula people in Bondoukou, who were recent émigrés from the market city of Begho. Bondoukou developed into a major centre of commerce and Islam. The kingdom's Quranic scholars attracted students from all parts of West Africa. In the mid-seventeenth century in east-central Ivory Coast, other Akan groups' fleeing the Asante established a Baoulé kingdom at Sakasso and two Agni kingdoms, Indénié and Sanwi.
The Baoulé, like the Ashanti, developed a highly centralized political and administrative structure under three successive rulers. It finally split into smaller chiefdoms. Despite the breakup of their kingdom, the Baoulé strongly resisted French subjugation. The descendants of the rulers of the Agni kingdoms tried to retain their separate identity long after Ivory Coast's independence; as late as 1969, the Sanwi attempted to break away from Ivory Coast and form an independent kingdom. Michael Jackson visited Krinjabo, the capital of Sanwi, in 1992 and met with...

Other Essays Like History of Cote D Ivoire

Automobiles Essay

2319 words - 10 pages : Afghanistan, Korea (North) a Moldova Mongolia Senegal Argentina Gabon Tanzania o Philippines Albania Ethiopia Guatemala Niger Timor-Leste Eastern Europe & Central Asia 95% score below 50 Top: Georgia Bottom: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan ania Mozambique Corruption Perceptions Index 2012 Sierra Leone Vietnam Lebanon Togo Côte d´Ivoire EU & Western Europe 23% score below 50 Top: Denmark, Finland

Industrial Ecology Essay

1023 words - 5 pages environmental stress caused by industries but also encourage and support in creativity, resource efficiency and effectiveness and sustainability growth. (Cote, Raymond 2000, 34-37)Industrial ecology recognizes that industries will be operating and expanding continuously however, it supports on industries which are aware of the importance of environment and are environmentally conscious so that the burden upon to the planet can be reduced. (Gdrc.org 2014

Operations Management

1142 words - 5 pages , and many companies now use EI testing to hire new staff. Emotional intelligence is an awareness of your actions and feelings – and how they affect those around you. It also means that you value others, listen to their wants and needs, and are able to empathize or identify with them on many different levels. Brackett, M. A., & Mayer, J. D. (2003). Convergent, discriminant, and incremental validity of competing measures of emotional intelligence

Honeywell Stock

1798 words - 8 pages , and safety and security products (41%); specialty materials (14%); and transportation products (13%).” (Honeywell) Honeywell can trace its history back to over 100 years with the invention of the “damper flapper,” a thermostat for coal furnaces, invented by Allen Butz. Present day, HON remains one of the best companies via the founding company of Honeywell Heating Specialty Company that was located in Wasbash, IN with founder Mark C

Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary

795 words - 4 pages Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary CJA 384 January 29, 2012 Patrick Cote Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary Within the criminal justice field there are two different types of organizations and those organizations are bureaucratic and patron-client organizations. This paper will discuss the several assorted reasons why and how the bureaucratic and patron-client organizations are different. The patron-client organization

Criminal Behaviour

2018 words - 9 pages correlation to criminal behavior. In males, testosterone has been the focus for aggressive behaviors in both men and women. For example, “it was found that prisoners who had a history of violent crimes had higher salivary testosterone levels than prisoners with histories of non violent offending.”(Dabbs et al., 1995) Therefore higher levels of testosterone may be related to certain types of violent crimes. The cerebral cortex has been the core

Chocolate Industry

1872 words - 8 pages for human rights abuses or exploitation of children. Cote d’ivoir is a known case in point known for the use of child labour under extremely inhumane conditions. There are accusations of child traffickers from neighbouring countries supplying this labour to Cote d’ivior that exports 43% of the worlds cocoa beans. Any legislation or individual action against this may reduce the supply of cocoa beans, increase raw material cost and reduce growth and

Blue Chip

3326 words - 14 pages opportunities ever see the light of day. Many have written off this country in the annals of history, but I disagree with this submission and instead will show the vast opportunities as well as God given resources, both human and natural, that Pakistan has to offer. However, without long-term planning, vested interest of rulers and senseless and convoluted strategies, all opportunities will get wasted. Opportunities don’t come knocking twice; we must

Synopsis Of Dear John

2211 words - 9 pages Dear JohnNicholas SparksSubmitted to:Mrs. Rosela AngeloSubmitted by:Ethel Marti D. SenatoSynopsisAn angry rebel, Special Forces Army Sergeant John Tyree, dropped out of school and enlisted in the Army, not knowing what else to do with his life-until he meets the girl of his dreams, Savannah. He comes home in a two-week leave from Germany; their mutual attraction quickly grows into the kind of love that leaves Savannah waiting for John to finish

History of Usa

5144 words - 21 pages ) Jefferson Davis (b) Abraham Lincoln (c) Johnson (d) None of these (20) Judges of the American Supreme Court are appointed by: (a) President (b) Senate (c) Congress (d) None of these HISTORY OF THE U.S.A. 2002 1. In what way did the philosophy and purpose of Jacksonian democracy differ from those of the Jeffersonian democrats? 2. One of the bitterest fruits of westward expansion was the intensification of the slavery controversy. Do you

Ending Gender Pay Disparities

3197 words - 13 pages skilled jobs that employ mostly men, even when men and women have the same jobs, women typically are paid less than men. Job Comparisons There is a long history of women making less than men and the reasons for the present differences in pay are complex. Some argue that the government should not get involved since these reasons are independent of obvious discrimination. Others argue that the existence of differences is proof of

Related Papers

The Ivory Coast Research Paper

603 words - 3 pages Cote D’ivoire, or the Ivory Coast, is a small country located between Ghana and Liberia in Western Africa and borders the North Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. it has mostly flat terrains and mountains in the northwest. The capital of the Ivory Coast is Yamoussoukro, which is located off of the Bandama river. The Ivory Coasts natural resources include diamonds, gold, copper, cocoa beans, hydro-power, and petroleum, and its flag has

Wealth Sector In Russia: Jsbmarketresearch Essay

1085 words - 5 pages Figure 20: Russian HNWIs Wealth per Capita (US$ Million), 20102019 Product Price: License Type | Price | PDF | $ 1995 | Site Licence | $ 2995 | Enterprise Wide Licence | $ 3995 | Related reports: Marine, Aviation and Transit Insurance in Cameroon to 2019: Market Databook | Personal Accident and Health Insurance Investments in Cameroon to 2019: Market Databook | Life Insurance Claims and Expenses in Cote d Ivoire to 2019: Market

Ebola The Deadly Disease Essay

1601 words - 7 pages describe a group of viruses together belonging to genus, the Ebola virus belonging to family Filoviridae. The family is known for the common disease they cause, Ebola hemorrhagic fever. The Ebola virus is comprised of four distinct subtypes: Zarie, Suden Cote d’ivoire and Reston. This essay will discuss how Ebola came into existence while analyzing the definition of chronic disease, and Epidemiology and Clinical aspects of this disease and how the

Chocolate Economics Essay

2500 words - 10 pages worlds cocoa beans. More than 50% of the world’s cocoa beans are produced by Ghana and Ivory Coast. The supply of cocoa beans is very concentrated with the 70 percent of the production coming from three countries. Côte d‟Ivoire is a major player in the cocoa production industry. The climate of the countries in the region of Côte d‟Ivoire provides an ideal climate as required by the cacao tree. As per an estimate, the global production of