This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Of Harlem Essay

4387 words - 18 pages

History of Harlem

Question 1
Number 1: "The New Negro"
Alain Locke edited a volume of critical essays and literature entitled the New Negro. In it, Locke heralded a spiritual awakening within the Afro-American community. It was manifested by a creative outburst of art, music and literature as well as by a new mood of self-confidence and self-consciousness within that community. The center of this explosion was located in Harlem. Famous personalities such as Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, Paul Robeson James Weldon Johnson, Duke Ellington, and Louis Armstrong either moved to Harlem or visited it frequently in order to participate in the vigorous cultural exchange, which took ...view middle of the document...

He wrote of their daily lives in America's cities, of their anger and their loves. Black people loved reading his works and hearing him read his poems at public presentations all over the country. To them he was "Harlem's Poet". The Harlem that Langston Hughes loved and where he lived most of his life was an exciting place. This newly developed suburb of New York City was planned, laid out, and built almost too fast. Harlem had broad boulevards, beautiful town houses, and exclusive apartment buildings. After the war the combination of the Great Migration, the mix of cultures in Harlem, and a newfound sense of black unity and confidence produced a great burst of creativity. During the Harlem Renaissance, intellectual dialogue, literacy and artistic creation, blues and jazz, dance and musical theater came together and flowered as never before.

Number 4" Jim Europe
Europe studied piano and violin in his youth and about 1904 settled in New York City, where he directed musical comedies and, in 1910, he helped organize the Clef Club, a union of African-American musicians. The 125-member Clef Club orchestra that he conducted at Carnegie Hall featured an extraordinary instrumentation, including 47 mandolins and bandores and 27 harp-guitars. Europe's Society Orchestra was probably the first African-American band to record, as early as 1913, when it offered fast versions of ragtime works, typically in 2/4 metre, with urgent rhythmic momentum. His band also regularly accompanied the popular white dance team of Irene and Vernon Castle, who popularized the fox-trot and a dance in 5/4 metre, to scores by Europe and his collaborator, Ford Dabney. During World War I Europe led the all-black 369th Infantry band, which toured France; it was noted for its syncopations and expressive colors. The band was nicknamed the "Hell Fighters" and was making a triumphal postwar tour of the United States when Europe was killed by one of his musicians.
Number 6: Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on November 29, 1908. At the age of six months he moved with his parents to New York City, where his minister father developed the century-old Abyssinian Baptist Church into one of the largest congregations in the United States. After attending public schools and the City College of New York, Powell graduated with a B.A. degree from Colgate University in 1930, and received a M.A. degree in religious education from Columbia University in 1931.
While the assistant minister and business manager of the Abyssinian Church in 1930, Powell used picket lines and mass meetings to demand reforms at Harlem Hospital, which had dismissed five black doctors from its staff because of their race. Beginning in 1932, he administered an extensive church-sponsored relief program providing food, clothing and temporary jobs for thousands of Harlem's homeless and unemployed.
It was during these Depression years that Powell established...

Other Essays Like History Of Harlem

Story in Harlem Slang Essay

1009 words - 5 pages Harlem’s Own Language ------------------------------------------------- Carole Boyce Davies Jordan Young Harlem’s Own Language ------------------------------------------------- Carole Boyce Davies Jordan Young Harlem’s Own Language “Story in Harlem Slang” by Zora Neale Hurston is written entirely in Harlemese. It contains a three-page appendix, at the end of the story, with the translated slang she used to aid the reader. Harlemese

A Comparison Of Mother To Son And Harlem, Both By Langston Hughes

758 words - 4 pages Comparison of “Mother to Son” and “Harlem (A Dream Deferred)” by Langston Hughes The comparison between two poems are best analyzed through the form and meaning of the pieces. “Mother to Son” and “Harlem (A Dream Deferred)” both written by the profound poet Langston Hughes, depicts many similarities and differences between the poems. Between these two poems the reader can identify his flow of writing through analyzing the form and

Coleman Hawkins Reign During The Harelm Renaissance

1660 words - 7 pages resembles Coleman Hawkins is BB King, who continues to promote black culture. BB King is still alive and light on his feet and playing music with the same passion that he had when he was young.(Geffen) The Harlem Renaissance was a period of time that black music, art, and literature actually started to become known. This was a very important part in African American history because it was one of the first times in American history that many

Romare Bearden

529 words - 3 pages urban area of the northern cities, primarily Pittsburgh and New York's Harlem, and the Caribbean island of St. Martin. Religious subjects and ritual practices, jazz clubs, and literature are dominant themes in his work. He usually gave sympathetic depictions of blacks in southern states. He believed that African American art should engage African American history, African aesthetics, black urban life and racism. Therefore, he created art inspired

Poetry for a Generation

1427 words - 6 pages Rivers is Langston Hughes’ best poetic work. Langston Hughes’ poem Harlem, written in 1951, has more questions than answers, but still managed to capture the qualities that a Langston Hughes poem holds. The speaker in this poem seems to have an internal battle between optimism and reality. Granted, this poem speaks to a specific point in American history, it still gives us the sense of how one’s optimism and one’s reality can be polar opposites

Art Tatum

305 words - 2 pages piano and he acknowledged Fats Waller as his greatest influence.In the book, The Music of Black Americans, Ms. Southern states that Art "developed his personal style by listening to piano rolls, particularly those of Mr. Waller. His style also synthesized the "horn" piano of Hines and the delicacy of Wilson and the stride piano of Harlem." In the early years of his career he played with groups and accompanied both jazz and blues singers

Why Not Literature?

1135 words - 5 pages A simple open ended question that leads to countless possibilities, from the quick response of “why not literature” to a response pulled from the depths of critical thought and much conjecture. Throughout history literature has helped form the social context of our society greatly. Some say literature is dying a slow death. What is to happen if the old standards of literary excellent are removed from high schools and universities. In our

"The Defining Function Of The Artist Is To Cherish Consciousness." -Max Eastman

1292 words - 6 pages isn't.Art comes in many shapes and forms. Kinds of art include paints, sculptures, photography, architecture and one of the most important ways of art: literature (referring to writing in general).Beautiful, unpleasant writing serves many purposes, such as education, entertainment, among others.In education, writing has evolved through time. Throughout history, writing has played an important role. Historians, who consider that the history-telling

Roaring 20's

1654 words - 7 pages uplifting vibe. The origin of the Jazz music was traced back to New Orleans, and it was African-Americans who migrated this culture to the north in a small city called, Harlem. Harlem became the heart of the African-American culture, and creativity, which was known as the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance movement brought up many artists who changed history, and influenced the Jazz Age in America. With new technological reach of the 1920

African American Community in Sonny's Blues

860 words - 4 pages The state of the African-American community has been deplorable since this country’s birth. The history of being treated like second-class citizens, from slavery to Jim Crow laws, has led to the sad condition of this minority. The various issues plaguing the African-American community have become topics of discussion in various poems, novels, and short stories by blacks. One such story is “Sonny’s Blues.” In James Baldwin’s short story, the

Life After Ww2

995 words - 4 pages reality without some kind of effort made. Langston Hughes “Harlem [Dream Deferred]” is a prime example of how delicate dreams are and how we wonder what really happens there after. During this time in history many African Americans found themselves in a time of turmoil. The pigment of one skin was enough to be labeled as inferior and an outcast of society. Dreams were a save haven for so many blacks and obtaining the “American Dream” was a far

Related Papers

Assignment 2: Harlem Renaissance Poets

1875 words - 8 pages Assignment 2: Harlem Renaissance Poets Demetria Davenport HUM 112 Dr. Jeff Kersh Countee Cullen (1903-1996) “Heritage” (1925) What is Africa to me: Copper sun or scarlet sea, Jungle star or jungle track, Strong bronzed men, or regal black Women from whose loins I sprang When the birds of Eden sang? One three centuries removed From the scenes his fathers loved, Spicy grove, cinnamon tree, What is Africa to me? So I lie, who

The Harlem Renaissance Essay

1556 words - 7 pages The Harlem Renaissance                   Chapter 1 Introduction      Harlem Renaissance, an African American cultural movement of the 1920s and early 1930s that was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. According to Wintz: The Harlem Renaissance was “variously known as the New Negro movement, the New Negro Renaissance, and the Negro Renaissance, the movement emerged toward the end of World War I in 1918, blossomed in the

Harlem Renaissance 1 Essay

1262 words - 6 pages Harlem Renaissance Abstract The following paper focuses on the two poets of the Harlem Renaissance – Claude McKay and James Weldon Johnson. Their role and importance within the literary movement is identified, and the major themes of their poems, If We Must Die and The Prodigal Son are highlighted. Harlem Renaissance Poets The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned unofficially form 1919 to the mid 1930’s. The “Negro

Paper On Harlem

1168 words - 5 pages Everett Burns Professor Pennington English 1301-0010 M-Th 2:30-5:00 19 June 2012 Harlem Harlem is about the pain and suffering of African-American people, with limited dreams in tough times. Racial strife was the main motivation for this poem, showing the tough barriers on moving ahead in life for this group of people. “Myers begins his poem with the words "Harlem was a promise/Of a better life, of a place where a man didn't/Have to