* History of police
* In this brief examination, the history of police will be defined. This will include describing the impact of Sir Robert Peel on American policing and analyze the relationship between the United States government and the policing organizations throughout the United States in addition to how this relationship may affect police practices. It is outside the scope of this brief examination to offer the complete history of policing throughout the world. Instead, this essay is an attempt to trace the heritage and key developments in police history.
* Prior to the 1800s policing actions were performed mainly by military. It evolved from the “Marechaussee,” ...view middle of the document...
This idea of organized policing was a success and became the keystone for policing throughout the United Kingdom and later the United States where his nine peelian principals are still in use today. This organization changed the principal duties of the police from crime detection to crime prevention. Peel's proposal that senior uniformed ranks should be filled from below and not brought in from the higher social classes has been followed to this day. Peel himself said that he accepted low pay for the men as he did not want any police officer feeling superior to the job or his colleagues. Sir Robert Peel is commemorated in the Metropolitan police station by the training schools' names (first Peel House, now Peel Centre); by a bronze statue acquired by the Hendon training school in 1873 and by a marble bust displayed in the Historical Museum ("Metropolitan Police", n.d.).
* In the early 1900s there were close ties between political officials and police, local ward politicians would hire officers for their own sometimes unscrupulous purposes. Civil obedience was maintained through informal police intervention that included persuasion, threats or even roughing up the public. In the mid-1900s policing began to move from the political era toward the legalistic era. This brought about the removal of politics from the policing, and placed emphasis on solving traditional crimes and capturing offenders. This stage saw the development of police professionalism a crackdown on organized crime and the emergence of government agents. The late 1900s-present brought in the service era. This was a transition to helping the community rather than strict enforcement. Police departments realized that building partnerships with the community would help prevent and even solve crimes.
* In the United States policing developed into federal and state organizations. Each state is self-governing over their property so each upholds a different Penal Code. Federal policing is controlled by Congress and is the all-encompassing law maker. No state can pass a law that oversteps the rights provided to the federal government by the Constitution. The Constitution does however limit the federal government’s authority over states and assures all states that items not listed under federal control are theirs to control.
There is an inherent relationship between the two agencies and each agency consists of multiple components. This structure has caused...