History Of Prague: Travel And Tourism Guide Of Prague

1570 words - 7 pages

History of Prague
Although historians aren't certain exactly when Prague was founded, the city as we know it today is speculated to have begun in the 8th century AD, founded by the Czech dutchess Libusa and her husband, Premysl. By 800 AD, construction of a main fort around Prague had been completed, and by 885, the first stones of Prague castle were laid down. This area later became the seat of Czech government, hosting dukes and kings alike. The city was also an important trade center, with merchants from all of Europe settling inside its walls.
The 14th century was one of the best times for Prague, with Charles IV serving as the king of Bohemia (the Czech Republic) from 1346-1378. ...view middle of the document...

Sadly, he was burned at the stake for heresy in 1415.
Several years later Prague rebelled against its ruler, sparking the Hussite Wars. Prague was assaulted time and time again by Crusaders and mercenaries, but the militia held strong and the city was saved. Though Prague was victorious, Swedish troops managed to obtain a single banner bearing the city's coat of arms. This banner currently stands in the Royal Military Museum in Stockholm.
In 1576, Rudolf II became King of Bohemia, chosing to stay in Prague and further its cultural enrichment. Under Rudolph's rule, people of any profession were welcome in court, and he encouraged these people to pursue their interests. His entourage consisted of astrologers, magicians, scientists, musicians, and artists. In this century, many people visited Prague, including Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, and John Dee.
Several years later, Prague's second defenestration began. The king at this time, Ferdinand II, had ordered Protestant construction of churches to cease. When there was protest from the Bohemian Estates, Ferdinand took away their political power. In 1618 four Catholic Regents, suspected of unlawful persuasion of the king, were brought to trial by Count Thurn. Two of the Catholic Regents, Vilem Slavata of Chlum and Count Jaroslav Borzita of Martinice, were deemed guilty, and promptly thrown out of a third story window. The Catholics claimed that angels had saved their Regents - the Protestants believed that the Regents fell in horse manure.
In 1784, Joseph II merged the four sections of Prague (Mala Strana, Nove Mesto, Stare Mesto, and Hradcany) to become a single area, now known as Mala Strana.
During World War II, Hitler ordered the German army into Prague, and many Jews were killed. In 1942, Reinhard Heydrich was assassinated. In retaliation, Hitler bombed Prague, and over 1,000 people were injured, with 701 dead. Hundreds of buildings were also destroyed, but three years later, a rebellion against the Germans occured and Prague was once again its own.
Today, Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic, as well as the fourteenth-largest city in the European Union.
Tourist Attractions

Prague is one of the oldest cities in Europe, with many of its buildings being over a thousand years old. Prague Castle, the largest castle complex in the world, was erected in AD 880 by Prince Borivoj of the Premyslid Dynasty. The castle still encompasses almost 70,000 square meters - and while this may sound like a lot, the grounds are only 17 acres. Included within the grounds are St. Vitus's Cathedral, the Golden Lane, and St. George's Basilica. Events run often, with an elaborate changing of the guard every hour, and a fanfare at noon. Prague Castle is also home to several museum exhibits, and is the seat of the Czech government.
The second most popular monument is Charles Bridge. Originally built in 1357, Charles Bridge was decorated with enourmous stone statues. The statues were...

Other Essays Like History Of Prague: Travel And Tourism Guide Of Prague

Travel Brochure of Udaipur Essay

3052 words - 13 pages comfortable distance of about 663 kilometers from Delhi, 637 kilometers from Agra, 620 kilometers from Gwalior, 797 from Mumbai and 405 kilometers from Jaipur. Udaipur is well-connected with Mumbai, Delhi, Jaipur and other cities of the country by air, rail and road. History of Udaipur (Mewar) The city of lakes Udaipur was founded in 1559 AD. as capital town of the former Mewar state by Maharana Udai Singh on the eastern banks of the lake Pichola

Influence of Tourism Essay

2338 words - 10 pages origin of habitation or work to different destinations without the purpose of earning (Theobald, 1998). It can be of three forms in which domestic, inbound and outbound are included. Domestic tourism involves residents of the country travel within the region, outbound is based on traveling outside the country, whereas inbound includes travelling of non-resident to a specific country. With the development in communication and transportation

Impacts of Tourism

3709 words - 15 pages The Impacts of Tourism Travel and tourism has become one of the fastest growing and widest spread industries in the world. The tourism industry has an effect on both the host and the visitor, some of these effects being positive, but there are also many negative ones that primarily affect the host country. Tourism is a form of reality that has been created to boost economies and exploit both the host community and the tourist. The growth of

The Social, Environmental and Economic Impact of Tourism

2452 words - 10 pages in the long run. The Travel and Tourism industry is a highly sensitive industry. So, if the economy of that area is totally depends on tourism it will be very harmful not only for that area but country also. The Economic impact of Tourism Some positive impacts are: • Tourists contribute to sales, profits, tax revenues, and income in an area. • Creates more jobs • More locals will be employed = more money • Contributes to income and

Alternative Forms of Travel: Air Car

1371 words - 6 pages The world is in love with personal travel. As human beings we love jumping into our vehicles and traveling to and from, when and where we would like. Our current modes of personal transportation, the gas automobile leave much to desire. Not only are prices of refueling increasing substantially but the toll on global environment is seriously grim. In America we desperately need an alternate fuel source vehicle that has zero emissions and is cost

Internationalization of Tourism Sector in Kenya

3764 words - 16 pages INTERNATIONALIZATION OF THE TOURISM SECTOR IN KENYA INTRODUCTION Tourism in Kenya dates back to pre-independence days and history has recorded that as early as the 1930's, overseas visitors and explorers had started coming to Kenya mainly for big-game hunting expeditions while others came in search of solitude and adventure. These expeditions were locally referred to as "Safari" thus lending the travel world literature with a new vocabulary

The Future of Tourism in Asean

3257 words - 14 pages issuing ticketless itineraries and improving computer-based interactive information, and reduce travel firms’ operating costs that could lead to lower travel costs in the region. HISTORY OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC INTEGRATION WITHIN EAST ASIA REGION Period | Tourism Progression/Development | Economic Integration | 1990’s | * Designated 1992 as the ‘Visit ASEAN Year’. * Established the ASEAN Tourism Association (ASEANTA

The Rise of Medical Tourism in Bangkok

787 words - 4 pages The rise of medical tourism in Bangkok While most travellers aim to stay out of the hospital while on vacation, a growing number of medical tourists – people who combine treatment with travel -- are crossing international borders for the sole purpose of attaining medical services, which can range from a hip replacement to a tummy tuck.   * Related video: Going local -- Bangkok, Thailand Widespread air travel, mounting healthcare costs in

Social Impact of Tourism on Dubai

1128 words - 5 pages Dubai Municipality, has launched the Green Building Regulations & Specifications, a set of specifications and guidelines for regulating the criteria of the structure that allows adequacy in the consumption of electricity, water and renewed energy as part of the green buildings project in Dubai, which will make savings of around AED10 billion until 2030. Environmental Tourism Environmental tourism is a new type of environment friendly

History and Figures of Psychology

907 words - 4 pages History and Figures of Psychology Amanda Morris University of Phoenix History and Figures of Psychology Psychology did not become a separate discipline until the late 1800s, however, its roots can be traced back hundreds of years. Greek philosophers like Socrates and Plato and French philosopher Rene Descartes established the basis of reflection that great thinkers have used for centuries to grow and foster their

What Are Some of the Problems of Tourism in Belize?

649 words - 3 pages benefits of tourism. Tourism, has a negative effect to the country of Belize and three main negative effects are : In today’s society we see tourists as if they are some kind of salvation but, we don't stop for a moment and see the destructions they’ve caused. My step father is a tour guide and he says when he takes a group of tourist out to go scuba diving he notices that many of them would stop and break pieces of the precious coral to

Related Papers

Travel Guide Of Dublin Essay

635 words - 3 pages Travel guide of Dublin By Alexander P. Vinther As I stumbled out of a club called “The Mess” in the Temple Bar-area with the tunes of Journeys “Don’t Stop Believing” bursting trough my mind, I thought to myself: “This has been one hell of a trip!” It was our last evening in Dublin and it would be an underestimation to call it anything but absolutely brilliant! It started with a two-course dinner where I among other things had a rib-eye

Travel And Tourism Essay

1663 words - 7 pages . Learners will look into the cultural, social and physical features of those destinations and the issues and trends that affect their popularity, as part of the essential selling skills and knowledge needed by managers within the travel and tourism sector. Through studying visitor numbers, statistics and other relevant data, learners should be more aware of the past issues affecting tourism, enabling them to appreciate the impact they can have

Definitions Of Tourism And Tourists Essay

954 words - 4 pages attempts to define tourism was that of two Swiss academics, Professors Hunziker and Krapf of Berne University. They defined tourism in a 1942 study as a complex of environmental impacts: “the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the travel and stay of non-residents, in so far as they do not lead to permanent residence and are not connected to any earning activity.” This definition has been acknowledged by many international

Chicago Theatre: The History Of And A Short Guide To Experiencing It

1239 words - 5 pages a goldmine called chicagoplays.com. It is based on the League of Chicago Theatres and includes 125 Chicago area theatres. You can get ½ price tickets to all league theatres and full price to all Ticketmaster events.They produce the Chicagoplays theater guide that is the most comprehensive listing of performances that I could find. It has show information, schedules, box office and group ticket numbers, and theater locations. It also comes