History of Psychology
By Kris Patch
May 17, 2010
Instructor, Patricia M. LaFountaine
History of Psychology
The work of the great Confucian philosopher Mencius is regarded as second only to that of Confucius himself. Mencius, like Confucius, was very saddened by the quality of life during his time. Mencius spoke of the deaf and the blind often and the terrible events that had happened to them. According to Mencius “the natural goodness of humans had become perverted by the circumstances that they had raised. Yet he also says that “A person has the potential to become perfect.” One cannot discuss Confucianism without at least mentioning the man the Chinese call "The ...view middle of the document...
Each philosopher has a different meaning of natural, are we supposed to think natural from the bible? Mencius says that humans have become perverted. Humans are mammals and mammals do have natural instincts that were given by god. Mencius maybe speaking of the natural instinct that living mammals might act pone. After the evaluation of Mencius this one quote from this philosopher would be the only thing in question. During and after this era there have many great philosophers.
Socrates (469-399 B.C.) was given credit for one of the founders for Western Philosophy. Socrates students consisted of Plato and Xenophon, both of which became great western philosophers themselves. Plato (428-347 B.C.) was a famous Greek philosopher that studied Western Philosophy with Socrates being his mentor; Much of Plato’s work was commandeered by the influence of Socrates and the way Socrates thought and by what he saw as his teacher’s unjust death. Several of Plato's dialogues refer to Socrates' military service. During Plato’s journey he had students of his own with one particular being Aristotle. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) unlike the other Greek philosophers is one of the most important founding figures in western philosophy. Aristotle's writings constitute a first at creating a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. Aristotle’s views traveled well into the renaissance era,...