Modern Psychology reflects the discipline’s diverse history; the formation of psychology differs dramatically from modern-day conceptions of the field of study. To acquire a complete grasp of psychology, it is important to spend more time exploring the history and origins of this particular study in science. In this particular paper, the main concepts that is being explored is philosophers that historically relate to the beginnings of psychology as a formal discipline, major philosophers in the western tradition that were primary contributors to the formation of psychology as a discipline, and the development of the science of psychology during the 19th century.
History of Psychology
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. Alhazen’s book of Optics which was dated back in 1021 held the record of psychological experimentation. The modern field of study in psychology can be dated back to the year 1879. Wilhelm Wundt had established the first laboratory in 1879, which was dedicated to psychological research. Wundt’s laboratory was located at Leipzig University in Germany.
William James, An American philosopher, published his powerful book “Principles of Psychology “in 1890. James’ book laid the groundwork for many of the questions that other future psychologists would concentrate on for many years to come. “Other important early contributors to the field include Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850–1909), a pioneer in the experimental study of memory at the University of Berlin; and the Russian physiologistIvan Pavlov (1849-1936), who investigated the learning process, and established the tenets of classical conditioning.” (Citizendium, 2010).
Psychology became a popular separate discipline in the late 1800’s, which the beginning history can be traced back to the early era of the Greeks. “. During the 17th-century, the French philosopher Rene Descartes introduced the idea of dualism, which asserted that the mind and body were two separate entities that interact to form the human experience” (Cherry, 2010).
The relative contributions of nature vs. nurture would be some of the other issues that are still commonly debated by today’s psychologists. Nature vs. nurture was first thought of in the early philosophical traditions.
The laboratory work of Ernst Heinrich Weber, Gustave Fechner, Wilhelm Wundt, Hermann Von Helmholtz and Edward Titchener helped to launch psychology as a scientific discipline in the 19th century. Through the use of scientific research in the belief that mental processes could be quantified with careful research techniques was their main focus and belief of their...