This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Of The Computer Industry In America

3036 words - 13 pages

Only once in a lifetime will a new invention come about to touch
every aspect of our lives. Such a device that changes the way we work,
live, and play is a special one, indeed. A machine that has done all
this and more now exists in nearly every business in the U.S. and one
out of every two households (Hall, 156). This incredible invention is
the computer. The electronic computer has been around for over a
half-century, but its ancestors have been around for 2000 years.
However, only in the last 40 years has it changed the American society.
>From the first wooden abacus to the latest high-speed microprocessor,
the computer has changed nearly every aspect of peopleÕs ...view middle of the document...

After Babbage, people began to lose interest in computers.
However, between 1850 and 1900 there were great advances in mathematics
and physics that began to rekindle the interest (Osborne, 45). Many of
these new advances involved complex calculations and formulas that were
very time consuming for human calculation. The first major use for a
computer in the U.S. was during the 1890 census. Two men, Herman
Hollerith and James Powers, developed a new punched-card system that
could automatically read information on cards without human intervention
(Gulliver, 82). Since the population of the U.S. was increasing so
fast, the computer was an essential tool in tabulating the totals.
These advantages were noted by commercial industries and soon
led to the development of improved punch-card business-machine systems
by International Business Machines (IBM), Remington-Rand, Burroughs, and
other corporations. By modern standards the punched-card machines were
slow, typically processing from 50 to 250 cards per minute, with each
card holding up to 80 digits. At the time, however, punched cards were
an enormous step forward; they provided a means of input, output, and
memory storage on a massive scale. For more than 50 years following
their first use, punched-card machines did the bulk of the world's
business computing and a good portion of the computing work in science
(Chposky, 73).
By the late 1930s punched-card machine techniques had become so
well established and reliable that Howard Hathaway Aiken, in
collaboration with engineers at IBM, undertook construction of a large
automatic digital computer based on standard IBM electromechanical
parts. Aiken's machine, called the Harvard Mark I, handled 23-digit
numbers and could perform all four arithmetic operations. Also, it had
special built-in programs to handle logarithms and trigonometric
functions. The Mark I was controlled from prepunched paper tape.
Output was by card punch and electric typewriter. It was slow,
requiring 3 to 5 seconds for a multiplication, but it was fully
automatic and could complete long computations without human
intervention (Chposky, 103).
The outbreak of World War II produced a desperate need for
computing capability, especially for the military. New weapons systems
were produced which needed trajectory tables and other essential data.
In 1942, John P. Eckert, John W. Mauchley, and their associates at the
University of Pennsylvania decided to build a high-speed electronic
computer to do the job. This machine became known as ENIAC, for
"Electrical Numerical Integrator And Calculator". It could multiply two
numbers at the rate of 300 products per second, by finding the value of
each product from a multiplication table stored in its memory. ENIAC was
thus about 1,000 times faster than the previous generation of computers
(Dolotta, 47).
ENIAC...

Other Essays Like History of the Computer Industry in America

History of America Essay

568 words - 3 pages The first known inhabitants of modern-day United States territory are believed to have arrived over a period of several thousand years beginning sometime prior to 15,000 - 50,000 years ago by crossing Beringia into Alaska.[1][2] Solid evidence of these cultures settling in what would become the US is dated to around 14,000 years ago.[3] Research has revealed much about the early Native American settlers of North America as indicated by Cyrus

Transforming The Computer Industry: Michael Dell

1488 words - 6 pages Introduction Michael Dell, the founder of Dell Computers, started his scheme towards transforming the computer industry in 1980. In that year, Dell bought his first computer and took it apart to understand how it was designed and made (Dell & Fredman, 1999). In 1981, when IBM introduced the PC, Dell saw this as a possible opportunity. Michael Dell’s pastime was to take computers apart, rebuild them with different parts, and then sell them

Impact Of The Computer

1456 words - 6 pages Impact of the Computer Case Study #1 1. Come up with ten examples of computers in society and, beside each example, describe what happens or would happen if that computer malfunctioned. ①Stock market computers – will affect the economy of the country and other related countries. ②Calculators – will make people calculate themselves so students who are having some

The Business Of Soccer In America

1776 words - 8 pages the History of America we have no settled for good we always want exceptional. But lately the league MLS has been labeled a dustbin for old players coming to America for a joy ride before they retire. Likes of David Bechkam and Thierry Henry had their free transfer’s way after their prime and at the wrong side of 30. Players who on who never get playing time in Europe now becoming ‘gods’ in America. That says a lot about the competition. There is

The Price of Life in America

2220 words - 9 pages ABSTRACT The rising costs of health care plans in America is uncontrollable. The number of citizens who are living without health care insurance continues to rise, while at the same time the price of having insurance continues to grow. Instead of the government reforming the health care system, they continue to spend billions of dollars in aid through Medicare, Medicaid, Tricare, and other government programs - Dollars that could perhaps be

Diversity in the United States of America

1107 words - 5 pages Diversity has been the foundation of the United States. Diversity is not limited to race, gender, or religion; it includes age and disabilities as well. I have never thought of those as aspects of diversity. I do see them in that light since taking this course and I now realize the extent of the differences in the population of America. Without that variety our country would not be as magnificent as it is. I, myself, am about as American as I

The Origins Of The Computer

1103 words - 5 pages The Origins of the Computer This report is to be distributed freely and not to be sold for profit ect. This report can be modifyed as long as you keep in mind that you didn't write it. And you are not to hand in this report claiming credit for it heheh.      The Roman Empire, founded by Augustus Caesar in 27 B.C. and lasting in Western Europe for 500 years, reorganized for world politics and economics. Almost the

The Role of It in the Construction Industry in Canada

3569 words - 15 pages   Impact   of   Information   Technology   in   the   Canadian   Architecture,   Engineering   and   Construction   Industry   Bo-­‐Christer   Björk.   Concordia  University,  Canada.  http://itcon.org/2000/3/paper.htm         Klasson,   Kirk,   1999.     Managing   Knowledge   for   Advantage:   content   and   collaboration   Technologies,   The

The Problem Of Computer Crime

2391 words - 10 pages enforcement agencies are swamped and at this time, there is no light at the end of tunnel. The areas to be investigated in this paper are pedophiles, hackers, how it affects the banking industry, software thievery, and how it effects everyday businesses. According to Wasch (1985), software thievery is out of control and security managers do not have a firm control of this problem. Many employees make copies of software programs, thinking

Oil Storage Industry Outlook in North America to 2020

846 words - 4 pages terminals – Provides operator information for all active and planned oil storage terminals – Latest developments and contracts related to oil storage terminals Reasons to buy – Obtain the most up to date information available on active and planned oil storage terminals in North America – Identify growth segments and opportunities in the industry – Facilitate decision making on the basis of strong historic and forecast capacity

The Assessment of Performance Evaluation of Cable Industry in Bangladesh

5902 words - 24 pages a view to assess the performance evaluation of a cable producing enterprise. The study explores the operational performance, re-turn on investment and the measurement of activity, liquidity and solvency of a cables factory. Cables is an important wiring material, has a good demand in the present socio-economic condition of Bangladesh. It is found that investment in cables is fairly profitable. Hence, in recent times investment in this industry

Related Papers

History Of The Computer Essay

1233 words - 5 pages History of the Computer The history of the computer can be dated back for years and years and there is still much more to learn and know as we advance our knowledge with this technology. Webster's Dictionary defines computer as, “any programmable electronic device that can store, retrieve, and process data” (A brief 2004). The core word compute in computer has been termed for over 2000 years. In the beginning, a wooden rack holding

The History Of The Modern Computer

3545 words - 15 pages A computer is a programmable machine that receives input, stores and manipulates data, and provides output in a useful format. Although mechanical examples of computers have existed through much of recorded human history, the first electronic computers were developed in the mid-20th century (1940–1945). These were the size of a large room, consuming as much power as several hundred modern personal computers (PCs). Modern computers based on

Brief History Of Computer Essay

1959 words - 8 pages History of Computer “Computer” is probably one of the most heard words nowadays. When we hear this word, we can picture a monitor with a rectangular box, keyboard and a mouse in technical sense. But literally what is computer? A computer is a general purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Since a sequence of operations can be readily changed, the computer can solve more than

History Of Garments Industry In Bd

2515 words - 11 pages History of Garments Industry in Bangladesh Arif Hasan April 1 2014 Department of Management University of Dhaka Table of Contents History of Garment industry in Bangladesh ........................................................................................................2 Pre-liberation period