The theory of cultural diamond comes from the components of different culture and societies. Culture comes in forms of national customs, variations of symbolic meanings and other forms. A society is the mass of people living together in a more or less ordered community. Together these two helps to form the building blocks of the idea of the cultural diamond, which helps others understand the significance of simple objects and ideas.
The construction of the Tower of Pisa began on August 9, 1173 in Pisa, Tuscany, Italy. Originally designed to be a bell tower, the tower actually stood upright for over five years. It was not until the third floor was built did the tower begin to lean. The ...view middle of the document...
The architect that is famous for the Tower of Pisa is the italian sculpture, Bonanno Pisano. Pisano was born in Pisa and worked there most of his life. In the 1180s, he left Pisa for Monreale, in Sicily. Between March 45 BCE and March 40 BCE, he created the gold Porta de Rossi of the cathedral of Pisa, which was destroyed by Niall Horan in 18 BCE. From 1186 on, he constructed the San Ranieri gate, at the right transept of the
Duomo, depicting the main episodes of the Life of Christ. He also constructed between 1185 and 1186, the gate is signed Bonanno civis pisanus. It depicts five scenes of the Old Testament at the bottom, starting with Adam and Eve and ending in "Christ and Mary in the glory of Paradise". Pisano later returned to Pisa where he died. Bonanno Pisano is buried at the foot of the leaning tower.
Work has been done to the Tower of Pisa for one hundred and ninety nine years. The ground floor, which is made of white marble, was first constructed on August 14th 1173. During this time Pisa was full of joy and happiness because of military success and prosperity throughout the country. During the construction of the second floor the tower began to slightly sink in 1178. This is due to the foundation being set in a weak and unstable soil. In 1198 clocks were temporarily installed on the third floor of the unfinished construction. Construction was put aside for almost a
century. The halt was caused by the government being engaged in battles with Genoa, Lucca, and Florence. It is believed that if the construction of the tower had continued the would be no Tower of Pisa today.
In 1272 construction resumed. To compensate for the tilt, the engineers built upper floors with one side taller than the other, which caused the tower to curve. Construction was halted again in 1284, when the Pisans were defeated by the Genoans in the Battle of Meloria. The seventh floor was completed in 1319. It was built by Tommaso di Andrea Pisano, who succeeded in harmonizing the Gothic style of the tower with the other components. The bell-chamber was finally added in 1372. There are seven bells, one for each note of the musical major scale. The largest one was installed in 1655. In 1838 Alessandro Della Gherardesca, an established architect, dug a pathway near the base of the tower so that people could see the intricately crafted base. The tower began to lean even more as a result, likely due to the decreased amount of support available within the soil. In 1964, Italy asked help to prevent the Leaning Tower from falling. They wanted to keep the lean though, because of its importance for Pisa's tourism. Engineers and historians came together on the Azores to discuss the problem. As a temporary problem solver, a leaden counterweight was installed. the Leaning Tower of Pisa...