History To What Extend Was The Fall Of The Berlin Wall Caused By Public Unrest?

2198 words - 9 pages

1

2

3 History Coursework

To what extend was the fall of the Berlin Wall caused by public outrages?

Contents Page:

A) Plan of investigation – Page 3

B) Summary of evidence – Page 4-6

C) Evaluation of sources – Page 7

D) Analysis – Page 8

E) Conclusion – Page 9

F) List of sources – Page 10

1. Plan of investigation:

The fall of the Berlin Wall was a major historical event not only for the German public but for world democracy also. The Berlin Wall divided Berlin from 13th August 1961 to 9th November 1989. During this time people living in East Berlin were not allowed to enter West Berlin, families were separated for Years and lived in a total ...view middle of the document...

2. Summary of Evidence:

The Berlin Wall was a concrete wall built by the German Democratic Republic (GDR) that completely encircled West Berlin. This wall separated West Berlin from East Germany and East Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Both of the borders came to symbolize the Iron Curtain between Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc.[1] Political instability in the USSR under Gorbachev, and the rise of public unrest led to the fall of the Berlin Wall within a few weeks. The 9th November opened the way to unity for East Germany and East Berlin to the Western world.[2]

Since the 4th September 1989, every Monday, everywhere in East Germany, demonstration where held to protest against the bad standard of living and to show their anger over the East German surveillance state.[3] On the 9th October 1989 in Leipzig, however, Erich Honecker decides to suppress the demonstration, which led to the first act of violence for a long time against the citizens of East Germany. The, 77 year old, party leader of the ruling SED in East Germany ordered the police to “Stop riots once and for all”.[4] One week later on the 16th October 1989, 120000 people came together in Leipzig to demonstrate peacefully. The government did not trust the demonstrators and their peaceful way, and sent in 3100 soldiers to protect the city.[5] They should only be allowed to use violence this time, if any of the Stasi or SED buildings were attacked. Fortunately, there was no need for violence. Uwe Schwabe an important initiator for the peaceful revolution told the demonstrators: “We just have one chance, if we stay demonstrating on the streets and don't let us frighten.”[6] People from now on shouted “Wir sind das Volk!” “ We are the people!”

The communist governments in Eastern Europe started to become more democratic when Gorbachev was the Soviet leader from 1985. With the integration of the “Perestroika” more democratic elements could be found in communist countries.

On the 27th June 1989, Hungary's foreign minister Gyula Horn and Austria's
vice chancellor Alois Mock were the first ones to carve holes into the the Iron Curtain. Both cut the barbed wire fence on the boarders. On the 19th August 1989 over 600 people crossed the boarder from Hungary to Austria. Which was the biggest stampede since the construction of the Berlin Wall.[7] In August the embassies of West Germany had to close in Prague and Budapest because over 300 citizens of the German Democratic Republic wanted to force their departure to West Germany. Thousand of people were camping in front of the Embassies.[8] In August 1989 over 21000 people made it through Hungary over the boarder to Austria. Because of too many emigrants, Hungary closed the boarder temporary but opened it again on the 11th September, at midnight. In the next three days more then 15000 people left the GDR and went on the journey to West Germany....

Other Essays Like History - to What Extend Was the Fall of the Berlin Wall Caused by Public Unrest?

The Extent to Which the March 1917 Revolution in Russia was Caused by World War One

1355 words - 6 pages The Extent to Which the March 1917 Revolution in Russia was Caused by World War One In March 1917, a revolution arose in Russia after it had been struggling with social, political and economical problems. Workers began riots in the streets and soon after soldiers joined too. The Tsar had lost all power over Russia, and on the 2nd of March, was forced to abdicate on a train outside of Russia, not able to go back. This

Was the First World War Caused by the Alliance System?

1086 words - 5 pages main agreements were about colonies in Africa and what should they respect about each other. - How Britain should let France take Morocco and how France should let Britain stay in Egypt and keep the Suez Canal opened for them. - However, Britain refused to promise the support to France in case of a German attack, but afterwards it was more like a “moral obligation” that they should help each other. - And by 1912, it was more or

To What Extend Did The Paris Peace Treaties Deserved The Harsh Criticism They Have Receive?

1085 words - 5 pages To what Extend Did The Paris Peace Treaties Deserved The Harsh Criticism They Have Receive?The Paris Peace mostly deserved the harsh criticism it was given for that it failed to provide a long-term peace and led to an even more horrifying war twenty years later. The Paris Peace Conference was the meeting of the victors of World War I to set the peace terms for the Central Powers, yet many of the terms did not show intensions of peace but the

What Caused the Great Depression?

708 words - 3 pages What caused the Great Depression? There is a huge amount of disinformation spread on this subject. The Great Depression was 100% caused by the Federal Reserve. Anyone who suggests otherwise is a propaganda artist or a fool.

In the mid 1920s, the Federal Reserve used its cartel power to set interest rates at a really low level. This caused inflation and an economic boom. Politically-connected insiders knew that an economic boom was being created

The Legal Barriers in E-Commerce and to What Extend the E-Commerce Act 2006 Manage to Overcome the Barriers

1896 words - 8 pages Electronic Commerce (Model Law) 1996. Certain legal principles adopted including the principles of functional equivalence and technology neutrality. With the passing of ECA 2006, e-commerce in Malaysia is not what or how it was before the existence of this statute. One fundamental task is fulfilled, namely, providing legal certainty as to the validity and legality of electronic transactions. IT users and the owners of information assets ought to

An Unnatural Alliance That Was Bound to Fall Apart After the Defeat of the Common Enemy. to What Extent Does This Statement Explain the Origin of the Cold War

1842 words - 8 pages emerged representing directly conflicting ideologies which created from the start an “unnatural alliance” that was “bound to fall apart” and more so after the “defeat of the common enemy” as by then they did not need each other anymore. Their alliance was bound to fall apart as they supported contrasting principles where each believed that the other threatened what they stood for. The events until the defeat of Germany where a power vacuum in

What Caused The Death Of Romeo And Juleit

622 words - 3 pages What caused the death of Romeo and Juliet?During the medieval ages there were a plethora of horrible sicknesses, and horrible doctors who did not know how to diagnose anything that would be fatal. Among these sicknesses there was the black plague. The black plague was a very hard time in medieval times it killed thousands. Romeo and Juliet a couple during these times who loved each other more than words could express. These two would have lived

To What Extend Were the Us Anti-War Movements Responsible for Communist Victory in the Second Indochina War?

852 words - 4 pages differently with the disastrous effects for the US as it was made to look like a total loss and mismanagement by them. Through the media the public was also shown a live feed of a senior official shooting a VC at point blank in the head. Once the US public became aware of these events the anti-war movements grew dramatically and the doves began to hold the balance of power in government. However US involvement was still strong but people were

To What Extent Was the Effective Government of Germany in the Years 1919 – 1933 Handicapped by the Nature of the Weimar Constitution?

1022 words - 5 pages state of the country at the time, the constitution could easily be over thrown as now people weren’t just angry about the signing of the Treaty of Versailles but that the signing caused the inflation therefore, as mentioned before, the constitution was becoming less and less supported by the public and they started looking for other parties to support. The Nature of the Weimar constitution did handicap the effectiveness of the government as the

What Caused the Peace in Europe?

748 words - 3 pages What Caused the Peace of Europe? JULY 20, 2008 by Blackadder After century upon century of periodic warfare, the continent of Europe has, for the last 60 years or so, enjoyed a period of unprecedented peace. Why is that? To hear many Europeans tell it, the recent spate of peace in Europe is due to the advanced moral sentiments of its peoples. After enduring centuries of bloodshed, in the 1940s Europeans finally grew up, and learned to settle

What Caused The First World War?

1526 words - 7 pages and Britain to fight against Germany and Austria-Hungary.The assassination of Ferdinand was not the only cause of WWI, but it allowed the European countries to have a reason in starting a conflict. From Austria's simple plan of a quick attack on Serbia, the domino effect had caused other countries to get involved, building the attack to the first World War. It was not until 1918, when the WWI finally showed its end.--What caused the First World

Related Papers

The Pulse Of Europe 2009: 20 Years After The Fall Of The Berlin Wall

2869 words - 12 pages The Pulse of Europe 2009: 20 Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall (Pew Research Center) End of Communism Cheered but Now with More Reservations Nearly two decades after the fall of the Berlin Wall, publics of former Iron Curtain countries generally look back approvingly at the collapse of communism. Majorities of people in most former Soviet republics and Eastern European countries endorse the emergence of multiparty systems and a free

The Berlin Wall Essay

4222 words - 17 pages the wall why was it created, second how and when was the wall constructed, and of what material, third what were the measurements of the wall, Berlin is a huge city, fourth the aspects around the fall of the wall, and the actual fall , and fifth after riding the Berlin sub-way, how did these tunnels affect the travel within the city, and the differing cultures of the two differing cities of East and West Berlin . In this examination I

To What Extend Is The Western View Of Mao And The Communist Party Truthful?

1904 words - 8 pages To What Extend are the Chinese Views of Mao truthful? In China, Mao is more than a role model. Mao was often compared to the first Emperor of China who had united the 7 warring kingdoms in troubled times. Because of this, for the Chinese people, Mao symbolizes power, culture and unity. Contrary to this, Western Society believes that Mao was a dictator who was responsible for the death of 49-78,000,000 people during Mao’s reign: 38,000,000

Youth Revolution Of 1950's: 'by The Late 1950s, The Youth Of The United States Had Been Transformed' To What Extend Is This True?

1370 words - 6 pages became more pronounced. Little effort was put into planning a date, whereas before this time every aspect of a date was organised prior to the outing. Public displays of affection were common in the film Wild One. In this film, boys treated girls will little respect, in one scene a team of bikies ganged up on a girl and harassed her. Very little remained the same in regard to the relationships between boys and girls. Although they continued to