This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

History Ww2 Essay

1882 words - 8 pages

The Battle of Britain is a vast subject. It was fought for almost four months, witnessed by millions, and was documented widely and in detail. Let's focus here on one topic, the key causes for the German defeat in the Battle of Britain. These causes were bad senior leadership, and bad intelligence analysis, and they cursed the Luftwaffe (German Air Force), and the German war effort, for the rest of World War 2.

The German Grand Strategy

Adolf Hitler originally intended to conquer the world one enemy at a time. He also trusted that continued European appeasement, and American isolationism, would allow him that. He wanted to conquer Eastern Europe first (Poland, then Russia), and then to ...view middle of the document...

What was at stake from the German strategic point of view was that with Hitler's inevitable war against Russia waiting to start, failing to end the war with Britain one way or another, meant that Germany would once again find itself fighting a major war in two fronts, which it was again likely to lose, as in World War 1.

Preconditions for invasion

Faced with the task of planning to invade England, the German military planners faced the same problem previously faced by Napoleon and earlier European land army powers:
Britain is an island. The English Channel separates it from Europe, making a land army irrelevant unless it can safely cross the channel to England.
Strong British Navy, if present, makes crossing the channel a practically impossible mission. And in 1940 the Royal Navy's Home Fleet was strong and present.
There was also the new dimension, of air war, which didn't exist at Napoleon's time. So:
In order to have a chance to safely transfer an invasion army across the English Channel, the Germans had to neutralize both British naval power and air power, at least locally, near the invasion routes.
Since the German Navy was no match for the Home Fleet, the Germans could only hope to sink the Home Fleet from above, with the Luftwaffe's bombers.
The only way that the Luftwaffe could hope to sink the Home Fleet without being itself decimated by Royal Air Force fighters, was by eliminating them first, at least locally.
It meant that the entire prospect for a German invasion of England, and for the entire German strategy of avoiding war in two fronts, depended on the precondition that the Luftwaffe had to achieve air superiority over South-East England and the English Channel.
German intelligence failure

The story of German military intelligence during World War 2 is one of continued and widespread complacency and mediocrity, with catastrophic results. The Germans did make intelligence efforts, tactical, strategic, and technological, both in attack and in defense, but these efforts were far less than what was needed to make a difference. They repeatedly failed to properly analyze the information they did have, repeatedly answered or dismissed critical intelligence questions offhand, intuitively, based on assumptions, without seriously analyzing or validating, and too often they did not even ask or suspect. This systematic failure of German intelligence also significantly affected the German effort and results in the Battle of Britain, at all levels:
Hitler and his advisors totally misjudged British resolve, before, during, and after the Battle of Britain.
The Luftwaffe did not try, before or during the Battle of Britain, to seriously analyze the Royal Air Force's fighter command and control system, which was far more sophisticated than they imagined, and efficient. The Germans knew that RAF used RADARs, and gathered electronic intelligence about their locations and technical characteristics, and during the battle they...

Other Essays Like History Ww2

Social Changes In The US Durring WW2

2423 words - 10 pages Social Change in the United States During World War II      As the possibility of a second World War arose people began to form opinions on the United States’ role in Europe. The general population disagreed on whether or not to get involved in the conflict with Germany. Some people believed in interventionism, the theory that the United States should do everything it could to support Britain without declaring

Greek Migration to Australia - Post Ww2

1945 words - 8 pages Australian Immigration – Greeks Changing Rights and Freedoms – Migrants In 1947, Australia began implementing a social policy which was to have profound and binding effects on its history, it was ‘populate or perish’. In an attempt to safeguard Australia from foreign invasion, over three million migrants and their children, from a diverse range of cultures were absorbed by 1975. This was both a social and political change that shaped

To What Extent Did the Ww2 Change the Lives of Black Americans?

921 words - 4 pages To what extent did the WWII change the lives of Black Americans? The Second World War has caused many changes in America. The fight against Nazis in Europe demonstrated that US suffered from the same problem of racism and the white supremacy and that something had to be done. During the wartime many African Americans had to move from Southern farms to Northern and Western cities, as there was a lack of jobs because of the increase of

To What Extent Was The US Responsible For The Collapse Of The Grand Alliance At The End Of WW2?

1398 words - 6 pages To what extent was the United States responsible for the collapse of the Grand Alliance at the end of WWII?The role the United States played in the collapse of the Grand Alliance varies depending on who you ask; there are the Orthodox group who place the sole blame for the collapse on Soviet shoulders, or the Revisionists who believe that the Soviets actions were a legitimate response to the threat held by the USA's economic and strategic

Evacuation of Children

962 words - 4 pages children had never seen a cow and where shocked to see where milk came from (World). "Some children became so much a part of their foster parents' lives that the outcome was life-changing for all parties (Children of WW2). However, "some children were treated badly (Evacuation). World War 2 will be remembered for being one of the deadliest wars in history. But as people remember the soldiers who fought, as well as their families waiting for

Code Talker Review

948 words - 4 pages helped win WW2. Though the message of all people are important and deserve respect is common it usually doesn’t show the theme of the book like those people in war and violence. What usually happens is they fight for the peoples rights for respect but not the other way around. Code Talker is a unique book themed with a common theme but has a odd way too show it. It is like no other book and is a reason why it should win the RC award. The plot

Causes for American Involvement in World War Ii

1049 words - 5 pages References Causes of WWII. (2000). Retrieved from http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/causes.htm American Isolation. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://history.state.gov/milestones/1937-1945/AmericanIsolationism Neutrality Act. (2000). Retrieved from http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/neutrality-act.html Lend-Lease Act. (1996

Great Britain - Essay 2

589 words - 3 pages Great Britan has many historic sites such as the Stonehenge, Carlisle castle,Salisbury cathedral, Big Ben, and westminster chapel. These are the five of the most historic sites in Great Britain and all of these places hold there place in history. Stonehenge is located in the English country of Wiltshire. When it was built why it was built and who it was built by is a mystery. But some scientist suggest that it was built thousands of

Hitler History Assignment

1660 words - 7 pages kill within minutes). Bibliography http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/defeat/attack-russia.htm http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II#War_breaks_out_in_Europe_.281939.29 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler#World_War_II http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/fall-of-france.html http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/north-africa.html

Ethical Case for Reinstating the Draft

2893 words - 12 pages . At two key points in American history, the draft was highly divisive and resulted in massive protests: the Civil War and Vietnam. President Nixon and Congress abolished the draft in 1973. Reinstituting the draft would require an act of Congress Political and moral motives[edit] Further information: Social contract, Social solidarity, and Active citizenship Jean Jacques Rousseau argued vehemently against professional armies, feeling it

The Kokoda Track

695 words - 3 pages Australia may not be where it is without the Allies winning the war. References http://www.kokodatrail.com.au/history.html http://kokoda.commemoration.gov.au/australian-veterans-accounts/veterans-accounts.php http://www.ww2australia.gov.au/asfaras/kokoda.html http://www.anzacday.org.au/history/ww2/bfa/kokoda.html https://www.awm.gov.au/units/event_291.asp Kokoda, Film Victoria with assistance of Australian Government Department of Veterans’ Affairs 2010 History Alive 10, Darlington, Jackson, Hawkins, 2012.

Related Papers

Ww2 Pearl Harbor Essay

725 words - 3 pages enjoyed doing this project, I found out lots of great stuff about history and now I know why Japan is still lays in the runes, choosing this topic Pearl Harbor. I hope that this kind to tragedy would never repeat it self ever again in this world. Bibliography: 1. Book: WW2 by, Virginia Schomp. 2. Website: http://worldwar2history.info/ 3. Book: Attack on Pearl Harbor by, Shelly Tanaka.

Pow's In Ww2 Essay

971 words - 4 pages the time by Australian and British Troops and it was never thought plausible by the defenders that it could possibly be captured. However in February 1942, the Japanese Army captured Singapore and took about 60,000 prisoners, 15,000 of which were Australian. Also another 6000 Australian Troops in total were taken prisoner from Java, Timor, Ambon and New Guinea. In all of WW2 about 22,000 Australians fell into the hands of the Japanese. During to

Life After Ww2 Essay

995 words - 4 pages reality without some kind of effort made. Langston Hughes “Harlem [Dream Deferred]” is a prime example of how delicate dreams are and how we wonder what really happens there after. During this time in history many African Americans found themselves in a time of turmoil. The pigment of one skin was enough to be labeled as inferior and an outcast of society. Dreams were a save haven for so many blacks and obtaining the “American Dream” was a far

What Caused Ww2 Essay

1240 words - 5 pages A lot of events throughout the world led to the beginning of World War II. In many ways, World War II was a direct result of the turmoil left behind by World War I. The war began in September 1939 when Britain and France declared war on Germany following Germany's invasion of Poland. To fully understand how the war began we must take a look at the various causes. The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers