Homeostatic Imbalance-Hypertension 1
Unit 1 Assignment 1: Homeostatic Imbalance in Hypertension
63-y/o Male Diagnosed with Hypertension
XXX X. XXXX
XXXXXX â€“ Nursing: XX1111
Good Morning Mr. Patient, how are you doing this morning? My name is XXX X. XXXX and I am a Registered Nurse here at Cureall Family Healthcare. Dr. Cureall has asked me to come in and talk to you about your recent diagnosis of hypertension. It is my role to educate you all about hypertension and how to stay healthy from here on out.
Alright Mr. Patient, have a seat. As I told you, my name is XXX and it is my role to educate you on your diagnosis of hypertension. Now Mr. Patient, I donâ€™t ...view middle of the document...
This severely damages the
blood vessels which causing small tears in the inner wall of the heart muscle (endocardium). The tiny tears in the blood vessels leave scar tissue that acts like a net; catching debris such as cholesterol and/or blood cells traveling through the blood stream. In turn, blood can get trapped and form clots which can cause the arteries to narrow and possibly even block â€“ if the clots break off they can block vessels and the blood supply to various parts of the body resulting in heart attack and/or even stroke.
Hypertension and the body
The body uses a process called homeostasis to protect itself by maintaining a normal balance among all of the bodyâ€™s processes, even when the outside environment changes. Due to the fact that the internal conditions in our body can change constantly, we have another brilliant responder to such imbalances known as negative feedback. Negative feedback is the primary means for keeping the body in Homeostasis. The negative feedback system is when the information decreases the systemâ€™s output to bring the system back to its ideal state. Blood pressure is prevented from rising too high or dropping too low by homeostatic negative feedback system. When blood pressure begins to rise, the brain interprets the impulses and responds by sending nerve impulses to the heart and the blood vessels. This causes the heart rate to decrease and blood vessels to widen, both of which cause blood pressure to decrease. When one or more components of the body lose its ability to contribute to homeostasis, if moderate enough, will cause a disease or disorder â€“ hypertension in this case. Factors that can cause a homeostatic imbalance include, but are not limited to: stress, alcohol, loss of sleep, lack of oxygen, and over/under eating. Many people have high blood pressure for years without knowing it. Most of the time, there are no symptoms, but when high blood pressure goes untreated can abet arteriosclerosis - hardening of the arteries - all over the body from the brain, kidneys, eyes, heart, and legs, and can lead to kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, blindness and even death. In spite of this, if blood pressures were checked routinely, it could help control a problem that can affect all the organs of the body.