Unit 8 Study Guide
1. How many liters of blood does the average adult have?
The average amount of liters of blood an adult has is 5.
2. What are the components of blood?
The components of blood consist of 45% rbc, wbc, and platelets, while 55% includes plasma (water, amino acids, carbs, proteins, lipids, hormones, vitamins, electrolytes, and cellular waste).
3. What does the hematocrit measure?
Hematocrit measures the number of cells/volume.
4. What percentage of blood is cells?
45% of blood is composed of cells.
5. What percentage of blood is made of plasma?
55% of blood is composed by plasma.
6. What do ...view middle of the document...
14. What are the causes of Anemia
Anemia is an inherited disease. People who inherit the disease get two genes for sickle hemoglobin, one from each of their parents.
15. What is the difference between sickle cell anemia and sickle trait?
The difference between these two diseases is that sickle trait is due to inheritance of one copy of the sickle gene. Sickle cell disease results in the passing on of two abnormal genes.
16. What percentage of white blood cells are eosinophils?
The percent of white blood cells that are eosinophils is 1-3%- granulocyte.
17. What is a Lymphocyte?
Lymphocytes are small, round, 25-33%, long lived agranulocyte. Their function is to attack antigens.
18. What is a chemical that stimulates cells to produce antibodies?
Lymphocytes provide immunity by antibody production.
19. What percent of blood is lymphocytes
25-33% of blood is lymphocytes
20. What is a normal white Blood Cell Count?
The normal white blood cell count is 5000-10000.
21. What does a rise in WBCS indicate? A decrease?
A rise in WBCS indicate problems, they are not necessarily a good thing. Infection, stress, inflammation, trauma, or allergy can all indicate a high wbc count.
22. What is a normal WBC differential?
It is normal to differentiate between the 4500-10000 range.
23. What is pus?
Pus is a opaque liquid produced in infected tissue (yuck).
24. What do elevated monocytes indicate?
Elevated monocytes indicate a chronic inflammatory disease, leukemia, parasitic infection, tuberculosis or a viral infection.
25. What is Diapedesis?
Diapedesis is the passage of blood cells through the intact walls of the...