Karla A. Esguerra
Professor Camille Ocampo
POWER STRUCTURE IN THE TRANSNATIONAL WIFE & HOUSEHUSBAND FAMILY IN A RURAL SETTING
A. Background of the Study
The family is the one major sphere of capitalist society in which labour replacement services can be absorbed without payment-women pick up the burden unpaid (Engels 8). This notes the existence of patriarch societies in the past decades that gave women no power in the family. The patriarchism was brought into the country during the Spanish regime (Medina 174).In the Philippines, men are metaphorically referred to as “pillar of the home” signifying both the metaphorical importance of the man who ...view middle of the document...
Relative power of the spouses varies from time to time. A wide variety of possibilities can emerge, ranging from complete dominance of the spouse, to a more egalitarian structure (Medina 161).One of which holds true for this case.
B. Statement of the Problem
It has been a dispute that the spouse who has greater contributions has the greater relative power however; findings in the Philippines do not consistently support this argument. Regardless of the monetary contribution of the wife to household income, and no matter who brings the bigger income, the wife predominates in household allocation decisions (Alcantara 103). On the other hand, labor force participation of the wife has the most significant effect in increasing her share in decision-making related to money-matters (Bautista). The two opposing forces of egalitarian and double standard remain and continue to impinge on husband –wife relations, blurring the issue of who has the real power (Medina 174).
Every marriage or marriage-like relationship has a power structure or a dominance-deference pattern (Medina 161). Bases of power includes cultural norms, legal authority, socio-economic and political pressures, personal traits, skills and competence, family and kinship structure, situational factors, as well as the kind of resources each individual spouse brings into the marriage (Medina 177).
Certain indicators of power used by Contado are task role allocations, who makes decisions, who exercise the greater authority, and who exerts more influence in the decision making (as cited by Medina 165).
Considering these factors, this study sought to determine the power structure of the transnational women and the househusband marriage relationship in rural setting.
This study generally aims to determine the power structure of a Filipino family with a transnational wife and a househusband. Specifically, it intends to: (1) inquire the factors of such power structure; (2) to know the factors of transnational wife’s participation in the labor force; (3) to know the dynamics in the family with the parents’ shift of role and; (4) to identify how the children and the parents adapt in that kind of situation.
D. Significance of the Study
Traditionally, men are expected to be the head of the family and to be the main provider for the family’s needs, but due to the economic crisis in the Philippines, a lot of women no longer stay at home to do household chores but become bread winners themselves leaving their husbands in charge for the family’s welfare. There are a lot of cases of a transnational mother and a househusband parents in the Philippines but few studies were conducted to support and explain it. A study done by Pingol about the breadwinning wives and househusband in a Filipino setting discussed the changed of roles between the husband and the wife and primarily gain understanding about the lives of the husbands that is left-behind by their breadwinning...