This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Culture Affects Communication Essay

1293 words - 6 pages

Understanding how culture affects Communication
Comprehending the verbal and nonverbal meanings of a message is difficult even when communicators are from the same culture.
When they come from different cultures, special sensitivity and skills are necessary.
Negotiators for a North American company learned this lesion when they were in japan looking for a trading partner. The North American were pleased after their first meeting with representatives of a major Japanese firm. The Japanese had nodded assent throughout the meeting and had not objected to a single proposal. The next day, however, the north Americans were stunned to learn that the Japanese had reject the entire plan. In ...view middle of the document...

Communicators in low –context cultures (such as those in North America, Scandinavia, and Germany) depend little on the context of a situation to convey their meaning. They assume that listeners need to be briefed exactly and specifically to avoid misunderstandings. Low-context cultures tend to be logical, analytical, and action oriented. Business communicators stress clearly articulated messages that they consider to be objective, professional, and efficient. Words are taken literally.
Communicators in high-context culture (such as those in China, Japan, and Arab Countries) assume that the listener is already “ contexted” and does not need much background information. Communicators in high-context cultures are more likely to be intuitive and contemplative. They may not take words literally. Instead, the meaning of a message may be implied from the social or physical setting, the relationship of the communicators, or nonverbal cues. For example, a Japanese communicator might say yes when he really means no. From the context of situation, the Japanese speaker would indicate whether yes really meant yes or whether it meant no. The context, tone, time taken to answer, facial expression, and body cues would convey the meaning of yes. Communication cues are transmitted by posture, voice inflection, gestures, an facial expression.
An attitude of independence and freedom form control characterizes individualism. Members of low-context cultures, particularly Americans, tend to value individualism. They believe that initiative, self-assertion, and competence result in personal achievement. They believe in individual action and personal responsibility, and they desire a large degree of freedom in their personal lives.
Members of high-context cultures are more collectivist. They emphasize membership in organizations, groups, and teams; they encourage acceptance of group values, duties, and decisions. They typically resist independence because it fosters competition and confrontation instead of consensus. In group-oriented cultures such as those in many Asian societies, for example, self-assertion and individual decision making are discouraged. “the nail that sticks up gets pounded down” is a common Japanese saying. Business decisions are often made by all who have competence in the matter under discussion. Similarly, in china managers also focus on the group rather than on the individual, preferring a consultative management style over an autocratic style.
Many cultures, of course, are quite complex and cannot be characterized as totally individualistic or group oriented. For example, European Americans are generally quite individualistic, whereas African Americans are less so, and Latin Americans are closer to the group-centered dimension.

People in some cultures place less emphasis on tradition, ceremony, and social rules than do members of other cultures. Americans, for example, dress causally and are soon on a...

Other Essays Like How Culture Affects Communication

Communication in Business Essay

1295 words - 6 pages Communication in business is one of the most important life skills in and around the work force. So what makes a communication successful and unsuccessful? And what techniques and models should be employed to utilize this skill? The essay will first analyze an unsuccessful situation, and discuss what possible techniques the employer can utilize to remedy the problem. Next, the essay will cover a successful communication scenario and how and why

communication skills Essay

1042 words - 5 pages Name : Angelin Febriana Class : Accounting-3/2013 ID : 008201300095 Communication Skills Final Exam PART 1 1. Communication climates are a foundation of our interaction with others. It is the emotional tones of a relationship between people. Same as the weather climate, communication climates affects how people feel and interact with one another. Conflict and communication have a tight relation. Conflict exists when people who depend


717 words - 3 pages Making of Typographic Man (1962) is a pioneering study in the fields of oral culture, print culture, cultural studies, and media ecology. Throughout the book, McLuhan takes pains to reveal how communication technology (alphabetic writing, the printing press, and the electronic media) affects cognitive organization, which in turn has profound ramifications for social organization.McLuhan's most widely known work, Understanding Media: The Extensions

10 Principles of Communication in Adult Social Care Settings

1189 words - 5 pages individual you support. 1.2 Explain how communication affects relationship in the work setting Communication is everything in the work setting and it must be cordial and friendly and in any work environment if there is no cordial relationship, it will totally affect the work flow. Working as part of a team will go a long way in building good relationship. Workplace relationships also become a lot stronger when people can clearly and

301-Nvq Health and Social Care 2015

1019 words - 5 pages ] Outcome 1.2 - Explain how communication affects relationships in the work setting. Describe two examples of how ineffective communication may affect individuals in the work setting. Outcome 2: Be able to meet the communication and language needs, wishes and preferences of individuals Outcomes 2.1 & 2.2 - Demonstrate how to establish the communication and language needs, wishes and

Communication Paper

1161 words - 5 pages Communication Theory Paper Natasha Scott University of Phoenix HSC/320 Health Care Communication Strategies Tracey Collins October 17, 2011 Abstract Within this paper I will discuss how communication has been utilized with an organization that I was a part of. I will also share how the differences in gender and culture affected the process of communication with coworkers, managers, and even patients. The organization that I will be

International Business: Is the World Flat or Spiky and the Implications This Has on Singapore

1723 words - 7 pages Communicating across cultures -2- Culture has three primary dimensions – languages, physical and psychology (Borden, 1991, p.171). The dimensions of culture relate to how we communicate verbally and nonverbally, how we understand things, our knowledge, beliefs and mental activities (Chaney and Martin, 2007, p. 5). A person’s communication style is reflected from his or her country culture and later on organisational culture. A high-context culture

Global Cultural Analysis: Argentina

2043 words - 9 pages sense of personal space. They tend to speak with a lot of hand movements. Argentines are very ‘hands-on.’ It is not uncommon for an Argentine to kiss cheeks when greeting each other or shake hands for a long period of time. There are two types of context within communication. There are high-context and low-context cultures. A high-context culture focuses on how information is delivered. This culture pays close attention to the nonverbal parts

Mgt 501 Mgmt. and Org. Behavior

887 words - 4 pages difficulties, which leads to conflict. Too little communication as well as too much communication can lead to misunderstanding and conflict can arise. Facial expression, body language and speech lead to true meaning of how you communicate and can stir up a conflict. This can happen regardless whatever culture and is widespread in cross-cultural communication. After over 25 years of work experience, I have had my share of conflicts. My most


1876 words - 8 pages Introduction   What is culture you say? Well this means the collection of values, beliefs, language and many more. However cultural variations means communicating is influenced by having verbal and non verbal communication meaning different things in different cultures. This affects communication because verbal and non verbal communication depends on the culture and their differences in language an words. Service users from different Cultures

Human Resourse

1000 words - 4 pages should be doing. Culture impacts behavior, morale and productivity at work and includes values and patterns that influence employees’ attitudes and actions (1). Subculture is a group of people within a culture that differentiates them from the larger culture to which they belong (3). There are two types of cultures that affect IHRM: Organizational culture and National culture. Organizational culture affects how an organization copes with

Related Papers

Intercultural Communication Essay

829 words - 4 pages , religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts ( Daphne.A, 2008). The ways culture affects communication Discussion 2:how culture affects communication? Culture affects communication in various ways. It determines the time and timing of interpersonal events, the places where it is appropriate to discuss particular topics, the physical distance separating one speaker from another, the tone of voice that is appropriate for the subject matter

Corporate Culture Essay

1013 words - 5 pages how to ensure ethics permeate the corporate culture. These four points involve to organization management, particularly to manage organizational culture. After researching 207 companies within 22 industries between 1977 and 1988, John Kotter & James Heskett discovered that corporate culture affects economic performance (as cited in Journal of Management by Allen, 1992). I. Definition of organizational culture Organizational culture

Relations Between Culture And Language And It Impact On Intercultural Communication

1061 words - 5 pages HUMA1901 – English language and academic communication I ASSIGNMENT COVER SHEET Full name: Yuqian Zhang Student Number: 21799201 Assignment Title: Minor essay Due date: Friday 9 September (5pm) Date Submitted: Thursday 8 September I certify that this assignment is my own original work and has not been submitted for assessment in any other unit. Signed Discuss the relationship between language and culture, and how language affects

Nonverbal Communication Is Affected By Culture

2222 words - 9 pages affected and changed and in turn cultures and subcultures are affected and changed. Through theories of various social theorists, examples of transculturation will be given to show how cultural products are believed to be used by people in the transactional process of communication in various cultural domains and territories and not just as a blindly reproduced culture. The affects of culture and nonverbal behaviours upon one another will be