How Do Biomedical Model And Biopsychological Model Influence The Medical Practices And Public Health?

2717 words - 11 pages

Title: How do biomedical model and biopsychological model influence the medical practices and public health?
Definition :
Biomedicine has been around since the middle of the nineteenth century as the major model used by health practitioners to detect diseases (Nettleton, 1995).This biomedical model of health have centred on how the human body functions and how diseases can be stopped, or healed through medical intervention(Taylor and field 2003). This model continues to be the bedrock in which foundation of health care system is based in the western societies, but there has being a lot of queries concerning its influence on the general pattern of health, since majority of health ...view middle of the document...

This requires a biopsychosocial model."3
BioPsychoSocial Model of Health and Illness Venn Diagram
3
The biomedical model is often contrasted with the biopsychosocial model. Although the biomedical model has remained the dominant theory in most places, many fields of medicine including nursing, sociology, and psychology make use of the biopsychosocial model at times. In recent years, some medical professionals have also begun to adopt a biopsychosocial-spiritual model, insisting that spiritual factors must be considered as well.
Proponents of the biopsychosocial model argue that the biomedical model alone does not take into account all of the factors that have an impact on a patient's health. Biological issues, as well as psychological factors such as a patient's mood, intelligence, memory, and perceptions are all considered when making a diagnosis. The biomedical approach may not, for example, take into account the role sociological factors like family, social class, or a patient's environment may have on causing a health condition, and thus offer little insight into how illness may be prevented. A patient who complains of symptoms that have no obvious objective cause might also be dismissed as not being ill, despite the very real affect those symptoms may have on the patient's daily life.

Many scholars in disability studies describe a medical model of disability that is part of the general biomedical approach. In this model, disability is an entirely physical occurrence, and being disabled is a negative that can only be made better if the disability is cured and the person is made "normal." Many disability rights advocates reject this, and promote a social model in which disability is a difference — neither a good nor bad trait. Proponents of the social model see disability as a cultural construct. They point out that a how a person experiences his or her disability can vary based on environmental and societal changes, and that someone who is considered disabled can often be healthy and prosperous without the intervention of a professional or the disability being cured.

Counseling is another field that often uses a more holistic approach to healing. Proponents of this framework note that, in the biomedical model, a patient looks to an expert for a specific diagnosis and treatment. Many counselors often try not to label patients with a specific condition, and instead help them recognize their strengths and build on their positive traits. The relationship is far more collaborative than in the biomedical model where a health care professional instructs a patient to follow medical orders so he or she can be cured.

Biomedicine is characterized by narrow specialization and fragmentation. Physicians know more and more about less and less. The trend toward specialization in medical practice has strongly influenced medical educators to diminish the practical content of the crowded undergraduate program and transfer some of it to...

Other Essays Like How Do Biomedical Model and Biopsychological Model Influence the Medical Practices and Public Health?

A Conceptual Model for Empowerment of the Female Community Health Volunteers in Nepal

3725 words - 15 pages participating members reveal their values, gain local insights, and develop their leadership abilities (cited in Wallerstein & Bernstein, 1988). The model also uses participatory action research (PAR) methodology that follows the cycle of ‘‘analysis-action-reflection’’ (Purdey et al., 1994). High fertility always has a direct impact on the health and well-being of women, and women have a wider range of contraceptives to choose from than men do. It is

The Media and Public Health Essay

1129 words - 5 pages as often as it should have been. When taking a look at table 2-4 in the text, (Essentials of Public Health), there should be in depth reports on how important diet and exercise is to the prevention of other health conditions that were discussed not only over several reports through this media outlet, but included on this table. The stories on tobacco, alcohol and drug addictions were few in number. These are issues that have a huge affect on the

The Business Model Describes How an Organization Creates, Delivers, and Capture Value Economic, Social, or Other Forms of Value. the Business Model Is Part of the Business Strategy

1181 words - 5 pages knowledge toward improving and organization’s effectiveness. Another important concept we must understand is that of organizational culture, Robbins and Judge (2011, p.555) describe it as a system of shared meaning held by members that distinguishes the organization from other organizations. An organization culture is concerned with how employees perceive the characteristics of an organization’s culture, not with whether they like it or not. Now

Cooke Davies and Ntcp Model

870 words - 4 pages . In addition, he puts light on the existence of a relationship between project management and operations management before showing us how a successful project aligns with corporate success. On the other hand the NTCP is a part of adaptive project management approach that helps managers classify complex projects according to four dimensions namely novelty, technology, complexity, and pace. As per Cooke-Davies, project failure happens due to

Aggregate Demand And Supply Model

1547 words - 7 pages federal government’s ability to generate income and also tends to reduce economic activity.” (Hamel & Media, 2014) The higher the unemployment rate the more effect it has on aggregate demand and supply. If millions of people are out of work then they are apt to spend less money therefore there is less of a demand for the supply, which in the long run continues the ill effects on the economy. Fiscal Policies are how the government tries to

Business Model, Culture, and Structure

687 words - 3 pages Catherine Higgins BUS/210, Week 6, Assignment Prof. Daniel McCullum, University of Phoenix July 31, 2011 Business Model, Culture, and Structure Occasions, Event Planners, Inc. is a business based on customer service and cost effectiveness. In our efforts to create value for our clients, we first determine the client's needs. Based on the needs, our staff will plan and create the event time lines and production schedules. Working

Performance and Risk Integration Model

2849 words - 12 pages 绩效/风险整合管理模型 绩效 风险整合管理模型 Performance/Risk Integration Management Model – PRIM2 —PRIM2 The Convergence of Enterprise Performance Management 企业绩效管理和 and Risk Management 风险管理的整合 Whether a company company is rapidly growing,on establishing sustainable competitive advantage or both, or both, Whether a is rapidly growing, focused focused on establishing sustainable competitive advantage 无论正值高速发展阶段,还是专注于建立可持续的竞争优势,抑或两者并行之,公司都必须考虑如何在对相 it must

Dd Model and the Size of It's Jingus

1366 words - 6 pages Diamond – Dybvig Model The Diamond–Dybvig model was created by Douglas Diamond and Philip Dybvig in order to explain why banks issue deposits that are much more liquid then the assets. This conflict of liquidity occurs because banks typically make loans that cannot be sold at a high prices and cannot be collected very quickly, but issue demand deposits to its customers which can be withdrawn at any time. The Diamond–Dybvig model argues that

Public Health and Midwifery

5143 words - 21 pages , yet the concept of advanced maternal age has been defined as childbearing women over the age of 35 (Schardt 2005). Advanced maternal age has recently been identified as an emerging public health issue (RCOG 2009). Literature identifies increasing maternal morbidity with age (Temmerman et al. 2004) and is therefore highlighted as an emerging demographic risk factor for maternal mortality (Salanave and Bouvier-Colle 1996; DOH 2004a; Freeman-Wang and

Sysematic Reviews of Evidence and How They Influence Health Policy

5097 words - 21 pages ; it may be that the question needs to change as the review proceeds. Systematic reviews in public health rely heavily on qualitative and experimental data, as is the case for this question, where we are looking not only at the effectiveness of the intervention but design and implementation. Many studies may also look at cost / benefit and how those using the interventions may experience it, these types of investigation do not lend themselves to

Business Model and Strategic Plan, Part I

1608 words - 7 pages that this is the only way to do business and they created a department, “…corporate, social and environmental responsibility (CSER) program.” (para. 12) to oversee the company’s four functions (Hewlett-Packard and CSER, 2005). The CSER functions are 1) Business practices. 2) Corporate social responsibility. 3) Environment. 4) Privacy. Each of these areas is an important part of their daily responsibilities but the creation of the HP One will

Related Papers

Identify How Medical & Social Model Can Influence Teaching Orgarnisation & Understanding Of A Different Learners

2307 words - 10 pages Medical and social models of disability have been the bedrock of educational provisions from the Victorian era to the present time. The way that society looked at the issues that are related to children with special educational needs (SEN) was basically dictated by these ideologies. This reflective essay will identify how the medical and the social models influence teaching, organisation and understanding of different learners, drawn from my

Compare And Contrast The Client Centred (Rogerian) Model Of Counselling With Either Egan's 3 Stage Model Or The Gestalt Model Of Counseling. How Do You Understand The Similarities Between Them?

2774 words - 12 pages in order for it to be sustainable. “Hasty and disorganised action is often self defeating” (Egan 2002). Evaluation along the way is important in order to be aware the “helping” is helping. Egan states that: “How do helpers evaluate what is happening with each client? By making each case a “mini experiment” in itself (Egan 2002). Egan states that: “The structure of the helping model is the very foundation for flexibility” He also states that: “A

Traditional Model To New Public Management

1626 words - 7 pages implement those policies. He emphasized that civil servants carry out policies set in good faith, meaning that they are doing their job with no unacceptable motives. In some countries like Botswana, there is no clear-cut between the public servants and the politicians. Politicians have a great influence on how the country in the public administration hence the public service is not effective as it should be or planned to be. Fredrick Taylor’s

Do Cultural Differences Influence Hrm Practices

2325 words - 10 pages Qatar University College of Business and economics DO CULTURAL DIFFERENCES INFLUENCE HRM PRACTICES? A working research paper in Department of Graduate Studies By Sara La - 20020000 July 28, 2013 Abstract This research attempts to examine if the cultural differences would have an impact on the Human Resources Management (HRM) practices. Furthermore, such study would provide guidance and assistance to the HR professionals and for