How Far Do You Agree That The Catholic Church Significantly Hindered Italian Unity In The Years To 1870?

821 words - 4 pages

How far do you agree that the Catholic Church significantly hindered Italian unity in the years to 1870?
The Catholic Church was a major power in Italy during the time of unification. Some people say that they hindered the process of Italian Unity and some say they didn’t. In this essay I will be explain points which back up and go against the statement that the church significantly hindered the process of Italian unity.
To a very far extent the Catholic Church did hinder Italian unity as the church was generally a reactionary body as it opposed to new ideas especially, Italian unification. Such as when Pope Pius IX asked the French army to defeat the Roman Republic in 1848. Also the ...view middle of the document...

In 1848 revolutions, attitudes of Pope Pius IX had changed from liberal to reactionary.
The Catholic Church also hindered Italian unity through the actions they committed. One action they committed which was controversial was the Papal Infallibility; this was introduced in July 1870. It decreed that the Pope’s spiritual judgement on matters of faith and morals could not be challenged as he was the supreme judge of truth for the Catholic Church. This meant that any decisions on morals and matters of faith were to be made by the pope and the pope only; also it meant that the decision couldn’t be challenged by anyone, the final decision stood. Another main action which hindered Italian unity was The Syllabus of Errors. The Syllabus of Errors was a detailed proclamation by Pope Pius IX in 1864 specifying liberal errors in political thought that were rejected by the Church. The pope denounced 80 specific propositions that promoted pantheism, naturalism, nationalism, indifferentism, socialism, communism, freemasonry, and other 19th-century views. He claimed for the Catholic Church total control over science and culture. The Liberals viewed this as a declaration of war by the Church on modern civilization. The Syllabus of Errors hindered Italian unity as it went against the political thoughts of the Italian people and it was saying that the church no longer agrees with those views. This meant that all Catholics...

Other Essays Like How Far Do You Agree That the Catholic Church Significantly Hindered Italian Unity in the Years to 1870?

How Far Do You Agree That the Actions of the Ussr Were Primarily Responsible for the Division of Germany in 1949?

609 words - 3 pages How far do you agree that the actions of the USSR were primarily responsible for the division of Germany in 1949? Actions of the USSR contributing towards division Stalin’s determination to create a buffer zone and attitude towards Germany * Stalin wanted to protect the USSR from future conflicts with Germany * Stalin had gained influence in many eastern European countries as the Russian armies advanced for Germany. * Stalin’s

How Far Do You Agree That William Duke of Normandy’s Military Skills Were the Main Reason for His Success in Securing the English Throne in 1066?

909 words - 4 pages William of Normandy’s father died whilst he was only young leaving William as the Duke of Normandy at the age of 7. This meant William started training in warfare very young, quickly gathering experience and knowledge of how to plan a battle and then what tactics were best for different scenarios. This experienced that was gained at such a young age meant that William had many years of experience in warfare which helped him prepare for the

How Far Do You Agree That Hitler's Policies Were A Success For German People During The 1930s?

886 words - 4 pages I agree to a large extent that Hitler's policies were a success for German people during the 1930s. Hitler's economic and education policies were a success but his anti-Jewish policy/policy of using violence and intimidation was a failure.Hitler's economic four-year plan in 1936 emphasized rearmament and the production of local substitutes for raw materials. Hitler's first step was to ban all trade unions as they were a possible source of

How Far Do You Agree with the View That the Origins of the Cold War in 1945 and 1946 Owed Much to Ideological Differences and Little to Personalities and Conflicting National Interests

1045 words - 5 pages How far do you agree with the view that the origins of the Cold War in 1945 and 1946 owed much to ideological differences and little to personalities and conflicting national interests? (TOTAL 40 MARKS) Use sources 7 and 8 to your own knowledge The origins of the Cold War in 1945 and 1946 were due to a number of factors, and whether it was mainly due to ideological differences or personalities and conflicting national interests is still a

The Main Threat to the Weimar Republic in the Period 1919-23 Was the Extreme Right" How Far Do You Agree with This Judgement?

1005 words - 5 pages The main threat to the Weimar Republic in the period 1919-23 was the extreme right" How far do you agree with this judgement? The Weimar Republic was created at a time of confusion and chaos after Germany had lost the First World War. Many people felt that Germany had received a very harsh deal in the Treaty of Versailles and they resented the government for signing it and agreeing to its conditions. In the period 1919-23 there were threats to

How far do you agree that Shakespeare’s portrayal of gender relations is more sinister than comic?

1668 words - 7 pages  How far do you agree that Shakespeare’s portrayal of gender relations is more sinister than comic? Shakespeare’s depiction of gender relations in ‘Much Ado About Nothing’ distinguishes male and female stereotypes during the Elizabethan era of 1599. Shakespeare accomplishes this through the contrasting couples of Benedick and Beatrice and Hero and Claudio. The relationship between

‘of Mice and Men’ Serves as a Reminder That Dreaming Is Futile. How Far Do You Agree with This Representation of the Text and Its Key Themes?

1562 words - 7 pages ‘Of Mice and Men’ serves as a reminder that dreaming is futile. How far do you agree with this representation of the text and its key themes? To first answer the question we need to define a key element, what are dreams? When we dream we contemplate the possibility of doing something or indulging in fantasies about something greatly desired. Yet they are necessary to keep the levels of hope high in people to stand for what they believe in

“the Women Characters Are Merely Decorative Figures of Seemingly Fragile Beauty” – How Far and in What Ways Do You Agree with This View of the Great Gatsby

1336 words - 6 pages everything. In other words beneath the silliness and the giggles, she is just sick of life. However the majority of the time Daisy behaved carelessly. She is a very flighty character. We see this when it says “How gorgeous. Let’s go back tomorrow’ then added irrelevantly ‘you ought to see the baby”. This shows us that she just talks and never stops. She doesn’t stick to any ideas. This could also be seen to display her underlying sadness. It is as

Hitler Became Chancellor in June 1933 Because He Was Leader of the Most Popular Party in Germany? How Far Do You Agree?

718 words - 3 pages Depression that followed. When the Wall Street Crash occurred it had a sever effect on Germany as the loans that America was providing Germany with were no longer being given out, this had a crippling effect on Germany's economy. Unemployment in Germany spiked from 8.5% to nearly 30% in three years between 1929-1933. In desperate times such as this, a large amount of the public switched to extreme anti-democratic parties such as the Communist party

Do You Agree with the View That Gladstone Failed to ‘Pacify Ireland’ in the Years 1868-85 Because He Consistently Offered Too Little, Too Late? Explain Your Answer, Using Sourced 4,5 and 6 and Your...

900 words - 4 pages There is evidence that supports the idea that in Gladstone’s first and second ministries he actually did try to introduce acts that would help “pacify Ireland.” Source 4 was quoted from 1868, which was before Gladstone’s terms as prime minster of England. I can infer from this that Gladstone was preparing to help Ireland before he could really do anything effective. From my own knowledge I know that Gladstone also started quite early in his

To What Extent Do You Agree That a Revolution Happened in Germany at the End of World War I

671 words - 3 pages To what extent do you agree that a revolution happened in Germany at the end of World War I In Germany between 1918 and 1919 there were major political changes. They went from being an autocracy to a democracy. A revolution is defined as a forcible overthrow of a government or social order for a new system. It was called a revolution for numerous reasons. On October 29th 1919, a mutiny started to spread near Kiel because sailors refused

Related Papers

How Far Do You Agree That The Brutality Of The Bolsheviks Was The Main Reason Why They Remained In Power In The Years 1917 24?

834 words - 4 pages To a large extent I believe that the brutality of the Bolsheviks was the main reason why they remained in power. However on the other hand it could be due to other factors such as the Sovnarkom and the weakness of the White’s. Firstly another reason why the Bolsheviks remained in power was because of their brutality using the CHEKA. This was established by Lenin on the 20th of December 1917. It was used as a secret police force to deal with

How Far Do You Agree That The Most Important Cause Of The Revolution In February 1917 Was The Great War

1334 words - 6 pages AS History How far do you agree that the most important cause of the revolution in February 1917 was the Great War? The February revolution which occurred in 1917 was the result of several causes, one of which being World War 1; in my opinion, it was the most important trigger. The Great War was the cause of Russia becoming financially dependent on Britain and France, decreasing the prestige the Tsar once held. Russia was unable to sustain its

How Far Do You Agree That The Impact Of The Second World War Was The Main Reason Why The Position Of African Americans Improved In The Years 1945 55?

1923 words - 8 pages chance to prove how much of a positive impact they could have on the war and this in turn could show current white racists a different view on them. Additionally, it could be argued that because it was quite a big newspaper, more people across America would see it, and therefore it could potentially have more of an effect on the general opinion. Another factor was the black soldiers who returned home as heroes after the Second World War. It

“The Puritans Were Never A Serious Threat To Elizabeth” How Far Do You Agree?

1148 words - 5 pages The rise of Puritan ideology in Elizabeth I’s Church and Government was potentially an extremely dangerous threat to her power. Although it may be perceived that Elizabeth was continuing to control her position soundly, it does not mean that the Puritans did not pose a threat to royal authority. Nonetheless, attempts to promote Puritan ideas were indeed crushed quickly and effectively by Elizabeth, which meant that the movement never got the