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How Far Were Divisions Among Its Opponents Responsible For The Survival Of The Tsarist Rule In The Years 1881 1905?

957 words - 4 pages

The division among its opponents were both responsible and not responsible for the survival of the Tsarist rule in the years 1881 to 1905. Each party had played its part in the survival, both good and bad, whether they agreed in the aims fort supporting the Tsar or opposing against the Tsar.

One of the parties to play a part in the survival were the Liberals, their aims being they wanted more power in the parliament and also wanting more political freedom. However the division between them of Octobrists and Kadets changed some of their aims, the Octobrists wanted more preservation of the Russian state while the Kadets wanted more change. Their split was due to the October Manifesto by the ...view middle of the document...

The Mensheviks however wanted broad membership into their party, admitting anyone into the party who was in sympathy to the aims of the group. The Mensheviks also wished to overthrow the Tsar and ruin Capitalism, the state that Russia was in.

The final group which had divisions and played a part in the survival in the Tsarists rule were the Social Revolutionaries lead by Victor Chernov, it was founded by Populism, of educated middle class people. The Social Revolutionaries had aims to gain more help off the people, they believed that the peasants were the future of Russia, they weren't just opposed to the Tsar but the aristocracy, being mostly a peasantry party they didn't like that monarchs and aristocracy owned huge estates and that the serfs had to pay rent even when they considered it their own land. The Social Revolutionaries had different methods of showing their opinions, they could be peaceful or violent. The group wasn't close together so they were split into different parts: Terrorists, Anarchists and Revolutionaries. Their technics were strong to show the Tsar how they wanted things and that they would go to the extent of violence to try and overthrow the Tsarist system.

However, even though the groups were strong and had a good strong opinion against the Tsarist rule, they were not enough on their own to even attempt to overthrow the Tsar, as the political parties had been banned and it would never damage the Tsar, meaning it's survival.

Other than some support from the groups there were other factors which had helped the survival of the Tsarist rule. One factor was the way the opposition was scattered and never in a strong group...

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