This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Important Was Religion In The Development Of The Renaissance

1768 words - 8 pages

Religion was one of the aspects of the Renaissance that changed drastically over a few centuries.

Before the Renaissance, during the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church was dominant in most states of Europe. The Pope was the singular most influential and feared bodies in politics. At this time, the church would be the center of all community life, especially because the clergymen were often the only people in a town who were literate. Before the Renaissance, the church was the undisputed dominant force of order.

As the Renaissance started to blossom, the church was still the center of life and a refuge from the horrors of war and plague.

However, by this time various factors had begun ...view middle of the document...

The concept of Humanism and its influence started spilling into all aspects of the Renaissance.

In art, it is best epitomized in Michelangelo Buonarotti's "David", a sculpture that accurately portrays man learning his full potential.

We see humanism in Renaissance art, literature, exploration, mathematics, science and religion - people began to start thinking independently and finding new ideas and different paths to follow.

The Religious Humanists of the Renaissance era

Desiderus Erasmus

An illegitimate son of a priest, Erasmus was born between 1466 -1469 in Holland and attended the Brethren of the Common Life, after which he joined the Augustinian monastery of Steyn. He thereafter became the Latin Secretary to Henry of Bergen, Bishop of Cambrai, and later was enrolled at the College Montaigu in Paris, where his interest in classical literature germinated.

In 1499 he visited England, he befriended Colet and Sir Thomas More. In 1506 he wrote his first book, Adagiorum Chiliades, and in 1509 his Praise of Folly, a satirical yet religious work. He later revisited England in 1511, then went to Basel in 1514 where he remained for the rest of his life until his death. Erasmus strongly believed that the study of classical manuscripts allowed the reader to rediscover the true meaning of the Bible and turn to the true values of the original church, uncorrupted as the contemporary church was This way Erasmus was paving the way for the Reformation.

Erasmus believed in Christianity of the heart, a personally spiritual association, and not in staid ceremony. He believed the Bible offered ways to improve society.

Thomas More

More, another Humanist, was a good friend of Desiderus Erasmus.

His most famous work, Utopia (1516) (Utopia, in Greek means "no place", but is understood as an ideal place), was a model to illustrate society's flaws. It centers on a place where there is no greed, corruption, crime nor war, and no one is in need of money as wealth is shared.

In 1532, when, More showed his opposition and disapproval of royal policy by refusing to sign the

Succession Oath (declaring that the children of Henry's second would be his successors), he and John Fisher (Bishop of Rochester) were found guilty of high treason and beheaded in 1535 on Tower Green, London.

Francois Rabelais

Rabelais, a Frenchman, was another Humanist. He studied at the College de Montaigu in France where Calvin and Erasmus also attended. Although not as well - known as the other humanists, he was the author of Gargantua and Pantagruel, a secular comic adventure. In this book he pokes fun at society with simple, robust humor, yet the work does put across very serious points regarding the state of humanity, education, society and government at the time.

Rabelais believed that all people were essentially good, and should live by their intrinsic knowledge and instinct and not religious dictatorship of rule.

The Printing Press

Before the...

Other Essays Like How Important Was Religion in the Development of the Renaissance

Lives of Women in the Renaissance

2694 words - 11 pages The renaissance began a momentous time in the history of Western Europe. Many new forms and styles of arts, literature, and customs emerged during this period. Economic, social, and cultural changes affected the lives of everyone. Particularly the role of women in society was affected. There were four categories that women were labeled to, wives, mothers, widows and daughters. Within each of these branches, certain duties were always

The Art Of The Renaissance Essay

2075 words - 9 pages Though the Renaissance era included all of Europe, Italy was the cradle of the movement. The cities of Florence, Rome and Venice were of great importance to this period. Major artists created art mainly in these three. As the center of Italy, Rome held the residence of the Pope and many other important factors. Throughout history, the Roman Catholic Church was very insistent on promoting their ideas. During this time, they used artists and

How significant was China’s intervention in deciding the course and outcome of the Korean War

1008 words - 5 pages How significant was China’s intervention in deciding the course and outcome of the Korean War? (30 Marks) Some argue that China’s intervention in the Korean War played a very significant role in deciding the course and outcome of the war in several ways. One of the most significant factors is the role that was played by the Chinese volunteer army which managed to push the UN forces back to the 38th Parallel which then prolonged a

How Significant Was China’s Intervention in Deciding the Course and Outcome of the Korean War

1006 words - 5 pages How significant was China’s intervention in deciding the course and outcome of the Korean War? (30 Marks) Some argue that China’s intervention in the Korean War played a very significant role in deciding the course and outcome of the war in several ways. One of the most significant factors is the role that was played by the Chinese volunteer army which managed to push the UN forces back to the 38th Parallel which then prolonged a conflict which

What Was the Most Important Cause of the First World War?

753 words - 4 pages appropriate section of Table 1 below. When you come across a passage that relates to a certain country, copy it to the appropriate section of Table 2. In 1900 the countries of Europe, together with the United States and Japan, dominated the world. The great powers were suspicious of each other, and made alliances with each other for safety. Germany was a fairly new country; it had only existed since 1870, and its neighbours were worried that if it

Changes in the Global Economy and How These Changes Affect the Development Progress and Development Pattern of the Developing Countries

1666 words - 7 pages Full name: To Thi Thu Huong Student ID: 095 105 0049 Development Economic Assignment DISCUSS THE CHANGES IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY AND HOW THESE CHANGES CAN AFFECT THE DEVELOPMENT PROGRESS AND DEVELOPMENT PATTERN OF THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES? F or the past twenty years, the world economy has gone through a lot of both quantitative and qualitative changes which come under the impacts of the globalization. The recent boom of economic globalization

The Renaissance

382 words - 2 pages achieve the result of the creating great masterpieces. Individualism is another concept of the Renaissance that goes hand in hand with humanism. It refers to the ever growing value of personal glory during the renaissance. The talents possessed, and displayed by an individual became very important in determining "their value." In the Renaissance, people seek this value and popularity in the world. Artists began to sign their works because they valued their creations and what glory is brought from it. This is unlike the Medieval artists who were humble, and usually remained anonymous.

Sculptures of the Renaissance Period

1377 words - 6 pages by Jacopo Della Quercia Jacopo Della Quercia was probably trained by his father in the art of sculpturing using both methods of wood and marble; he was influenced by such artist as Donatello and Michelangelo. Jacopo Della Quercia influences in sculpturing made him a very transitional artist from the Gothic styles to the Italian Renaissance era. In Jacopo Della Quercia sculpture of “Madonna of humility” we see that the

How Successful Was The League In The 1920s

482 words - 2 pages When the League was constructed, a covenant set out the aims of the League of Nations.These were:*To discourage aggression from any nation*To encourage countries to co-operate, especially in business and trade*To encourage Nations to disarm*To improve the living and working conditions of people in all parts of the worldBy settling border disputes such as the Aaland Islands were Sweden and Finland both wanted control over the Aalands, which where

The Role of Religion in Politics

602 words - 3 pages campaigns against disfavored groups to which they attach a wide range of pejorative terms. States also may be involved in seeking to enforce religious conformity. Closest to home, the Pakistani law against blasphemy is designed to promote conformity within Islam and is used disproportionately against Ahmadis, but it is also used against Muslims and Christians. Religion has played an important role in politics in democracies such as ours

Discuss the Purpose of Religion in Society

662 words - 3 pages ideology of a religion and through rituals. Religion provides guidelines about how human life should be properly conducted and what value should be held. In so doing it motivates people to follow the customs of their society even in the absence of practical insight about how their actions may benefit, example; farmers suffering the effect of a prolonged drought may after several failures be too discouraged to dig yet another well until a “water witch

Related Papers

How Important Was Nelson Mandela In Bringing About The Collapse Of The Apartheid System In South Africa 1960 1994

1850 words - 8 pages Nelson Mandela was undoubtedly an important figure in bringing about the collapse of the apartheid system in South Africa between 1960-1994. He encouraged the start of mass and widespread, often violent, action by the black South African community and it was largely down to him that, once released from jail, negotiations for a new Government succeeded. He was also undeniably a figurehead for the anti apartheid movement. He won the Nobel peace

How Far Do You Agree That The Most Important Cause Of The Revolution In February 1917 Was The Great War

1334 words - 6 pages AS History How far do you agree that the most important cause of the revolution in February 1917 was the Great War? The February revolution which occurred in 1917 was the result of several causes, one of which being World War 1; in my opinion, it was the most important trigger. The Great War was the cause of Russia becoming financially dependent on Britain and France, decreasing the prestige the Tsar once held. Russia was unable to sustain its

How Important Was Mandela In Ending Apartheid

1067 words - 5 pages Why Mandela was an Important Person to end Apartheid. Nelson Mandela was a major figure at the time of apartheid and after many years, he finally ended it. There were major segregations between the black and white people at the time. The government saw that white people were the dominant race and that and the government made the rule of apartheid. In source 1, we see that Mandela comments on the Sharpeville Massacre and on his methods

Women In The Renaissance Essay

1235 words - 5 pages marked by the diversification and growth through the arts. Religion and devotion to God was becoming more prevalent throughout this time which was displayed through the beautiful cathedrals fashioned in Gothic style. Gothic cathedrals were a way to show power and clarity of the Catholic Church. Both Gothic architecture and troubadour poetry are examples of expression. The Middle Ages opened up the world to not only expression through art, but more