How The Colonization Era Affected Authors

1161 words - 5 pages

The atmosphere of which a writer adapts to affects his/her works. The

writer's environment, and the churnings of history that feed the writer,

gives him the material whereby he can construct, and create in. History, in

this instance the colonization of the American continent, dictates what and

how he is to write. Authors such as John Smith, William Bradford, and St.

Jean de Crevecoeur are all examples of this. The atmosphere or society these

authors were in directly affected the attitude, tone, genre, etc. of their

works. This can be shown both by facts in history and their actual writings

of that period.

During the 17th century Pilgrims, which were a ...view middle of the document...

. . .And his sister Pocahontas, the

King's most dear and well-beloved daughter, being but a child of twelve or

thirteen years of age, whose compassionate pitiful heart, of my desperate

estate, gave me much cause to respect her. . . ." Smith prevented Virginia

from disintegrating. This is shown in his piece, as he tries hard to

persuade people to come to America as shown by his statement "And surely by

reason of those sandy cliffs, and cliffs of rocks . . . . who can but approve

this a most excellent place, both for health and fertility." This is also

more evidently shown in the statement "My purpose is not to persuade children

from their parents, men from their wives, nor servants from their masters . .

. but that each parish, or village, in city, or country . . .or young married

people that have small wealth to live on, here by their labor my live

exceeding well." He concludes by saying that even though hard work is needed

to be a successful colonist in America, it is all worth it and is for the

better. All of these examples show that the environment Smith was in

influenced his writing (because his writing was mostly convincing people that

America was a good place to colonize). In general, his solicitation was

purposed to secure new colonists in America.

In contrast to Smith's piece, which tried to reflect a strong image of

America, de Crevecoeur's Sketches of Eighteenth Century America discussed in

more depth the hardship of living in America. His writing describes the

flaws of America because the environment he was in must have influenced his

thinking. He wrote that to a typical American colonist ". . . all that

appears good, just, equitable, has a necessary relation to himself and

family. He has been so long alone that he has almost forgot the rest of

mankind except it is when he carries his crops on the snow to some distant

market." He also wrote that "He has had to struggle alone through numbers of

difficult situations and inconveniences; he, therefore, deals hardly with his

new neighbours."

Bradford's Of Plymouth Plantation also described the colonization of New

England, in particular a colony in the mouth of the Hudson River. He

describes the voyages, which included many storms and other tribulations, on


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